New Brighton, since 1898 part of Richmond, one of the five boroughs of New York city, on the NE. shore of Staten Island. - There is another New Brighton in the coal district of Pennsylvania, 30 miles NW. of Pittsburgh. Pop. 7100.
New Britain, a town of Connecticut, 9 miles SW. of Hartford, producing hardware, cutlery, locks, jewellery, hooks and eyes, hosiery, etc. It has two parks, the state armoury, and a normal school. Pop. 26,800.
New Britain, by Germans called Neu-Pom-mern, an island of the Western Pacific, a member of the German Bismarck Archipelago (q.v.), separated from the north-east coast of New Guinea by the Dampier Strait. In the forest-clad interior there are several volcanoes, active and quiescent, the highest being the Father (3900 feet). The climate is hot and moist. Cocoa-nuts, yams, bananas, bread-fruit, betel-nuts, and similar fruits are the chief products. The natives are Melanesian cannibals. Area, 9600 sq. m.
Newburgh, a city of Orange county, New York, is on the west bank of the Hudson (here 1 1/2 mile wide), 57 miles by rail N. of New York, amid the grand scenery of the Highlands. Its handsome edifices, villas, and gardens, rising 300 feet from the river, command a noble prospect. The city has, besides foundries, boiler-works, shipyards, and powder-mills, manufactures of woollen and cotton goods and carpets, leather, flour, soap, oilcloth, brushes, paints, plaster, tiles, etc. Butter, grain, flour, and coal are shipped. Newburg saw the disbandment of the American army, 23d June 1783; and ' Washington's Headquarters' is preserved as the property of the state. Pop. 27,000.
New'burgh, a royal burgh of Fife, near the Firth of Tay, 11 miles ESE. of Perth. It arose in connection with the neighbouring Benedictine abbey of Lindores (c. 1196); and in its vicinity also is the famous Cross Macduff. Pop. 1985. See A. Laing's Lindores and Newburgh (1876).
New'buryport', a city and port of entry of Massachusetts, on the Merrimac's S. bank, 3 miles from its mouth, and 37 by rail NE. of Boston. It has a long, shady High Street, with a six-acre pond, and manufactories of cottons, shoes, combs, hats, pumps, etc. Here Whitefield (died 1770) is buried. Pop. 15,947.
New Castile. See Castile.
New Castle, capital of Lawrence county, Pennsylvania, on the Shenango River, 50 miles by rail NNW. of Pittsburgh, has rolling-mills, foundries, and nail-factories. Pop. 2S,350.
Newcastle, a port of New South Wales, 75 miles NE. of Sydney by rail, at the mouth of the Hunter River. Coal and wool are the main exports. The harbour is defended by a fort. Pop. (1881) 15,595; (1901) with suburbs, 53,740.