Nipigon

Nip'igon, an island-studded lake of Ontario, 30 miles NW. of Lake Superior, with which it is connected by the Nipigon River. It is 70 miles long, but its deeply indented coast-line measures 580 miles. Its greatest depth is 540 feet.

Nipissing

Nip'issing, a lake (50 x 28 miles) of Ontario, NE. of Lake Huron, into which (Georgian Bay) it drains through French River (55 miles).

Nippon

Nippon. See Japan.

Nisch

Nisch (Neesh), the chief town of southern Servia, 152 miles by rail SE. of Belgrade, conspicuous in the Turkish wars from 1375 to 1878, when it was regained by Servia. Pop. 25,877.

Nishapur

Nishapur', a town of the Persian province of Khorassan, 53 miles W. of Meshed. It was the birthplace, and contains the grave, of Omar Khayyam. Pop. 11,000.

Nith

Nith, a beautiful Scottish river, rising in Ayrshire, and flowing 71 miles SSE. (mainly through Dumfriesshire), until, 14 miles below Dumfries, its estuary joins the Solway Firth.

Nitrian Desert

Nitrian Desert, containing the Natron Lakes, lies W. of the Damietta branch of the Nile, and was of old famous for its monasteries and hermits.

Nivelles

Nivelles (Nee-vel; Flem. Nyvel), a Belgian town, on the Thines, 19 miles by rail S. of Brussels. Its fine Romanesque church (1045) contains the relics of Pepin's daughter, St Gertrude. In 1381 the townsfolk of Ghent were defeated here by Count Louis of Flanders, and 6000 burned in a monastery. Nivelles manufactures cotton, paper, lace, etc. Pop. 11,788.

Nivernais

Nivernais (Nivernay'), formerly a province in the middle of France, nearly corresponding to the present dep. of Nievre.

Nizams Dominions

Nizam's Dominions. See Hyderabad.

Nocera

Nocera (No-chay'ra), an episcopal city of south Italy, 8 miles NW. of Salerno. Pop. 22,522.

Nogent-le-Rotrou

Nogent-le-Rotrou (Nozhong-leh-Rotroo'), a town in the French dep. of Eure-et-Loir, on the Huisne, 93 miles by rail SW. of Paris, with the ruined chateau of the great Sully, his violated sepulchre, and a statue of General Saint-Pol, who fell before Sebastopol. The Germans here won two fights in 1870-71. Pop. 7500.

Noisseville

Noisseville (Nwass-veel), a village of Lorraine, 5 miles E. of Metz, where in 1870 Bazaine vainly attacked the German besiegers of Metz.

Nola

Nola, an episcopal city of Italy, 16 miles ENE. of Naples, on a very ancient Campanian site. Augustus died here, 14 a. d. Pop. 14,700.

No Mans Land

No Man's Land, a name given to various outlying districts prior to settlement, especially Griqualand East, and parts of South Australia.

Nome

Nome, the largest town in Alaska, on the sonth shore of the Seward Peninsula, is the centre of a productive gold-mining district. Pop. about 13,000.

Nootka Sound

Nootka Sound, a harbour on the west coast of Vancouver Island, British Columbia, its entrance protected by an island of the same name.

Nord

Nord, the most northerly dep. in France (whence its name), corresponding with the old French Flanders. Area, 2193 sq. m. ; pop. (1881) 1,603,259; (1901)1,866,994. The arrondissements are Lille (the capital), Douai, Cambrai, Valenciennes, Avesnes, Hazebrouck, and Dunkirk, Norden, a west suburb of Rochdale.