Nordenham. See Bremerhaven.


Norderney (Norderni), a small treeless island, lying 3 miles off the coast of the Prussian district of East Friesland. Area, 4 sq. m.; pop. 4850. Its sea-bathing attracts 13,000 summer visitors.


Nordhausen (Nordhow'zen), a flourishing town of Prussian Saxony, pleasantly situated at the southern base of the Harz Mountains and the west end of the fertile Goldene Aue ('golden plain'), on the Zorge, 48 miles by rail NNW. of Erfurt. A free imperial city from 1253, Nordhausen fell to Prussia in 1803. Pop. 30,000.


Nordlingen (Nord'ling-en), a town in the west of Bavaria, on the Eger, 44 miles NW. of Augsburg by rail, with carpet manufactures. Here in 1634 the Swedes were defeated by the Imperialists with a loss of 12,000. Pop. 8295.


Nore, a sandbank in the estuary of the Thames, 3 miles NE. of Sheerness and 47 from London. Off its east end is the floating light, which revolves 50 feet above high-water. The naval 'mutiny at the Nore' broke out on 20th May and lasted until 13th June 1797.

Norham Castle

Norham Castle (Norr'am), the Border fortress of the Bishops of Durham, on the Tweed's right bank, 8 miles SW. of Berwick. Founded in 1121, and deemed impregnable in 1522, it has memories of Kings John, Edward I., and James IV., but is known best through Marmion. The picturesque ruins comprise a great square keep, 70 feet high. See Jerningham's Norham Castle (1883).


Nor'icum, a Roman province, corresponding to Styria, Carinthia, and part of Salzburg in Austria. The name survives in the Noric Alps.


Nor'manby, a town of Yorkshire, 3 1/2 miles SE. and mainly within the parliamentary bounds of Middlesbrough. Pop. 9118.


Nor'manton, a town in the West Riding of Yorkshire, by rail 3 miles NE. of Wakefield and 10 SE. of Leeds, a railway junction and seat of coal-mining and iron-working. Pop. 12,234.


Noronha, Fernando (Noron'ya), a volcanic group of one large (6 1/2 miles by 2) and several small islands belonging to Brazil, in the South Atlantic, 200 miles ENE. of Cape San Roque. The islands are fertile and thickly wooded. The group was visited in 1775 by Cook, in 1832 by Darwin, and in 1873 by the Challenger Expedition. The main island is a penal settlement.


Norristown, capital of Montgomery county, Pennsylvania, on the left bank of the river Schuylkill (crossed by three bridges to Bridgeport), 17 miles by rail NW. of Philadelphia. It contains a fine marble court-house, cotton-mills and woollen factories, rolling-mills and foundries, flour-mills, and manufactories of glass, tacks, etc. Pop. 23,500


Norrkoping (Nor'cho-ping), first manufacturing town of Sweden after Stockholm, stands at the head of the Bravik, 113 miles by rail SW. of Stockholm. The rapid river Motala from Lake Vetter affords water-power for cloth-mills, cotton spinning and weaving; and there are manufactures of sugar, paper, tobacco, etc, and shipbuilding. Pop. 43,300.'