Noyon (Nwa-yong'), a town in the French dep. of Oise, 67 miles NNE. of Paris by rail. It has a fine cathedral in the Transition style of the 12th century, an hotel-de-ville (1485-1523), and a former episcopal palace. Pop. 5812. The Noviodunum of CAesar, Noyon was a residence of Charlemagne and Hugo Capet, and the birthplace of Calvin.
Nubia is a comparatively modern name for a large region of Africa, formerly a portion of Ethiopia (q.v.), and extending on both sides of the Nile from Egypt to Abyssinia; touching the Red Sea on the east and the desert on the west. Nubia Proper, or Lower Nubia, extends from Assouan on the Egyptian frontier to Dongola; beyond that is Upper Nubia. But of late the name of Egyptian Soudan, properly applicable to a section of Upper Nubia, has come to be used for Nubia in its widest sense, together with the once Egyptian territory actually in the Soudan, and the Equatorial Provinces. Both in its lower and upper sections Nubia is for the most part an expanse of rocky desert, with patches where grass sometimes grows, and ravines in which moisture enough is found to keep alive a few mimosas or palms, and to raise pasture for gazelles and camels. There are also wells and small oases here and there. The great ' Nubian Desert' lies east of the Nile, opposite the great western bend of the river. Below Khartoum rain is almost unknown; the climate is accordingly excessively hot and dry, and, except in the river-ports after the fall of the Nile, is very healthy. The only exception to the general aridity is the narrow strip of country on both sides of the Nile, which nowhere exceeds four miles in breadth, and in many places is only a quarter of a mile wide. The most fertile part is near Dongola. A mountain barrier bounds the valley on both sides of the Nile, and consists of granite and sandstone.