Paros, one of the larger Cyclades (q.v.); it has an area of 64 sq. m. and a pop. of nearly 7800, of whom some 2500 live in the capital, Parœkia. The quarries of the famous white Parian marble, near the summit of Mount St Elias (anc. Mar-pessa), are not yet exhausted.
Parramatta, a town of New South Wales, stands on a western extension of Port Jackson, 14 miles W. of Sydney. The streets are wide and regular. 'Colonial tweeds,' 'Parramatta cloths' (first made at Bradford from wool exported hence), beer, soap, candles, and tiles are manufactured. Much fruit, especially the orange, is grown here. Pop. (1881) 8433; (1901) 12,560. Parramatta is, after Sydney, the oldest town in the colony, having been laid out (as 'Rosehill') in 1790.
Parret, a river of Dorset and Somerset, running 35 miles N. and NW. to the Bristol Channel at Stert Point.
Parry Islands, a name sometimes given to Melville Islands, and adjoining Arctic Islands.
Parsonstown, or Birr, a market-town of King's County, on the Brosna, 89 miles by rail W. of Dublin. The castle, anciently the seat of the O'Carrols, was granted by James I. to Laurence Parsons, ancestor of the present proprietor, the Earl of Rosse. There are barracks, a statue (1747) of the Duke of Cumberland, and another in bronze (1876) by Foley of the Earl of Rosse, the astronomer. Pop. 4513.
Partabgarh, (1) a division of Oude, east of Allahabad. Area, 1439 sq. m.; pop. 910,895. There is a town of Partabgarh; pop. 13,000. - (2) A native state of Rajputana, bordering on Gwalior. Area, 959 sq. m.; pop. 53,000. Its capital is Partabgarh, in the centre.
Parthia, anciently a district in what is now northern Persia, lying between Media on the west and Bactria on the east. Parthia had been subject successively to the Assyrians, Medes, Persians, Greeks (Alexander the Great and his generals), and the Seleucids of Syria, when from 250 b.c. to 224 a.d. it became an independent kingdom, its most famous ruler Mithridates I. (171-138 b.c.). The capital was Ctesiphon. The Parthian empire was finally overthrown by Ardashir, who founded the dynasty of the Sassanids. See histories of Parthia by Rawlinson (1873 and 1893).
Partick, a town of Lanarkshire, situated chiefly on a rising ground on the Kelvin, immediately above its junction with the Clyde, and 3 miles WNW. of the Cross of Glasgow, of which city it now forms a suburb. Nine-tenths of the workmen of Partick are engaged in shipbuilding-yards, but there is also brass-founding, machine-making, etc. A large proportion of the inhabitants are engaged in business in Glasgow. Partick was made a police-burgh in 1852-66; it has its own police, fire-brigade, etc, but depends on Glasgow for its gas and water supply. Pop. (1851) 3131; (1881) 27,410; (1901) 54,274. See Wallace's Pariah of Govan (1877).