Persep'olis (' Persian City'), the Greek name for the capital of ancient Persia, was situated to the east of the river Medus (Murghab), 14 miles above its confluence with the Araxes (Bendemir), 35 miles NE. of Shiraz. A series of most remarkable ruins is now all that remains of that city, with which 'no other city could be compared either in beauty or in wealth,' and which was called 'The Glory of the East.' Three groups are chiefly distinguishable in the vast ruins existing on the spot. First, the Great Hall of Xerxes, or Chehel-Minar (Forty Pillars), with the Mountain of the Tombs (Rachmed), also called Takht-i-Jamshid or the throne of Jamshid, after the reputed founder of Persepolis. The next in order is Naksh-i-Rustam, to the north-west, with its tombs; and the last, the building called the Haram of Jamshid. See the travels of Chardin, Niebuhr, Ker Porter, Rich, etc.; Fergusson's Palaces of Nineveh and Persepolis Restored, Vaux's Nineceh and Persepolis, Rawlinson's Five Great Monarchies, and for photographic views, Persepolis, by Stolze and Noldeke (Berlin, 18S2).