Pollokshields

Pollokshields, a SW. suburb of Glasgow.

Polmont

Polmont, a Stirlingshire village, 4 1/2 miles W. by N. of Linlithgow. Pop. 561.

Polotsk

Polotsk, a town of Russia on the Dwina, 62 miles by rail N W. of Vitebsk. Pop. 19,134.

Polperro

Polperro, a small Cornish fishing-town, 6 miles E. of Fowey.

Poltava

Poltava. See Pultowa.

Pomerania

Pomerania (Ger. Pommern), a Prussian province, from 1100 to 1637 an independent duchy, bounded N. by the Baltic, and S. by Brandenburg. Area, 11,620 sq. m.; population, 1,750,000. It is one of the lowest and flattest regions in Germany, and has numerous lakes. Stettin (the capital) and Stralsund are the most important towns. Greifswald is the seat of a university.

Pomeroy

Pomeroy, capital of Meigs county, Ohio, between the Ohio River and a range of precipitous hills, 133 miles by rail SE. of Columbus. Coalmining and the manufacture of salt are the chief industries. Pop. 4640.

Pomfret

Pomfret. See Pontefract.

Pomona

Pomona, or Mainland. See Orkney.

Ponape*

Ponape*. See Caroline Islands.

Ponce

Ponce, a town and port on the south coast of Porto Rico, 50 miles SW. of San Juan. Pop. 28,000.

Pondicherry

Pondicherry (Pon'di-sherr'ee), the chief of the French settlements in India, on the Coromandel Coast, DO miles S. by W. of Madras. It is divided into two parts by a canal, White (European) town being next the sea. It has handsome streets, a government house, a college, a lighthouse, and a cotton-mill employing 1500 hands. Pop. 48,283. It exports chiefly oil-seeds. The French colony of Pondicherry has an area of 115 sq. m. and a population of 175,000. Its governor is governor-general of French India. The French first settled here in 1674, but the town was held by the Dutch in 1693-97, and by the English in 1761-63, 1778-83, and 1793-1816.

Pondoland

Pondoland, a district of Kaffraria, on the Natal frontier, South Africa, was mostly annexed to Cape Colony in 1884-87, the remainder being incorporated in 1894. Pop. 200,000.

Ponta Delgada

Ponta Delgada. See Azores.

Pont-a-Mousson

Pont-a-Mousson (Pong'-ta-Moossong), a town in the French dep. of Meurthe-et-Moselle, on the Moselle, 18 miles NNW. of Nancy and 18 SSE. of Metz. Pop. 11,750.

Pontarlier

Pontarlier, a French town (dep. Doubs), 35 miles SE. of Besancon, on the main Jura route from Switzerland to France. Pop. 7760."

Pontchartrain

Pontchartrain (Pon-shar-train'), Lake, in Louisiana, 5 miles N. of New Orleans, is 40 miles long and 25 wide.

Pontecorvo

Pontecorvo (Pontehcor'vo), a cathedral city of Italy, 37 miles NW. of Capua. Pop. 12,240.

Pontevedra

Pontevedra (Pontehvay'dra), a cathedral town of Spain and capital of a Galician province, 30 miles S. of Santiago. Pop. 22,550.

Pontiac

Pontiac, capital of Oakland county, Michigan, on Clinton River, surrounded by lakelets, 26 miles by rail NNW. of Detroit. It has a state reform school, a lunatic asylum, flour and planing mills, foundries, and brick-yards. Pop. 9770.