Port Said

Port Said (Sah-eed'), a town of Egypt, on the west side of the Suez Canal, on a desolate strip of land between Lake Menzaleh and the Mediterranean. The place, which owes its origin to the Suez Canal (q.v.), is named after Said Pasha, and is mainly a coaling station. Pop. 46,560.

Portsea Island

Portsea Island, a small island of Hampshire, 4 miles long, separated from the mainland by a narrow channel crossed by bridges, and containing the towns of Portsea and Portsmouth.

Port Simpson

Port Simpson, a British Columbian port on the Portland Channel which separates Canada and Alaska, selected as terminus for the Northern Canadian Transoceanic Railway. Pop. 1000.


Portsoy', a Banffshire seaport, 8 1/2 miles W. of Banff', a burgh of barony since 1550. Pop. 1878.

Port St Mary

Port St Mary, a coast-village in the Isle of Man, 4| miles W. by S. of Castletown.

Port Sunlight

Port Sunlight, a beautiful model village of Cheshire, 3 miles SE. from Birkenhead, founded in 1888 by the proprietors of a neighbouring work for their workpeople. It has spacious streets, with houses in Old English style, with a complete system of religious, educational, and social institutions. Pop. (1905) 3500.

Port Talbot

Port Talbot. See Aberavon.

Port Townsend

Port Townsend, capital of Jefferson county, Washington, is on Puget Sound, near Juan de Fuca Strait, 47 miles N. of Seattle. It has a good harbour. Pop. 4000.


Portugalete (Por-too-ga-lay',tay), a Spanish seaport in the province of Vizcaya, 8 miles NW. of Bilbao, with a remarkable swing-ferry. Pop. 3500.


Portum'na, a Galway market-town, on the Shannon, 12 miles W. of Parsonstown. Pop. 960.


Poscharevatz. See Passarowitz.


Posidonia. See PAestum.


Posilip'o (from a villa here called Pausilypon, 'sans-souci,' of the Emperor Augustus), a mountain on the north-west of Naples, close by the city. It is remarkable for the tunnel known as the Grotto of Posilipo, through which the road from Naples to Pozzuoli (anc. Puteoli) passes. The grotto is 20 to 80 feet high, 20 to 30 feet wide, and 755 yards long. It is traditionally ascribed to the reign of Augustus, but was long believed by the vulgar to have been made by the poet Virgil, whom they regarded as a great magician. Above the eastern outlet of the grotto is the so-called ' Tomb of Virgil;' at the base of the hill anciently stood the poet's villa. Two other tunnels penetrate the hill, one north of the grotto, made for the tramway, and another constructed at the command of Agrippa in 37 B.C.

Possil Park

Possil Park, a northern suburb of Glasgow.


Potchefstroom (Pot' chefstroam), a town of the Transvaal, 105 miles SW. of Pretoria. Pop. 4000.


Potenza (Potent'za; anc. Potentia), a cathedral city of South Italy, in a valley of the Apennines, 103 miles E. by S. of Naples. Pop. 17,978.


Poti (Po'tee), a seaport of Russian Caucasus, at the Rion's mouth, on the east shore of the Black Sea, 200 miles by rail W. of Tiflis. It ships maize, manganese, etc. Poti was seized by Russia in 1828. Pop. 7112.