Rhin

Rhin (Rang), Bas and Haut, until 1871 frontier deps. of France, corresponded nearly to what are now the two districts of Lower and Upper Alsace, in German Alsace-Lorraine (q.v.). See Belfort.

Rhinns

Rhinns. See Wigtownshire.

Rhodope

Rhodope (Rod'o-pee), the ancient name of a mountain-chain (7474 feet) on the borders of Macedonia and Thrace (between Turkish and Bulgarian territory). The Bulgarians call it Despoto Dagh. Of its many monasteries the chief is the Bulgarian fortress-monastery of Rilo.

Rhondda

Rhondda (Ron'tha) is, since 1894, the official name of an urban district (pop. 115,000) in Glamorgan, South Wales, formerly known as the township of Ystradyfodwg. The Rhondda Valley is a great centre of coal-mining.

Rhuddlan

Rhuddlan (Hrith'lan), a decayed town of Flintshire, North Wales, on the Clwyd, 8 miles SSE. of Rhyl. Its ruined castle, dating from 1015, and dismantled after its capture by the Roundheads in 1646, was the scene of the betrayal of Richard II. (1399); at the marsh of Morfa Rhuddlan, across the river, Offa defeated Caradoc (795). With Flint, etc, Rhuddlan returns one member. Pop. 1357.

Rhyl

Rhyl (Hril), a watering-place of Flintshire, North Wales, at the mouth of the Clwyd, 30 miles NW. of Chester. A mere fishing-village so late as 1830, it has fine sands, a promenade pier 705 yards long, built in 1867 at a cost of 17,000, an esplanade, an aquarium and winter garden, a dozen hotels, baths, etc.; and, though the country around is flat, it commands fine views of the Snow-donian mountains. Pop. 8500.

Rhymers Glen

Rhymer's Glen, a traditional haunt of Thomas of Ercildoune, on Huntly Burn, near Abbotsford.

Rhymney

Rhymney, a town of Monmouthshire, on the river Rhymney (running to the Bristol Channel near Cardiff), 2 1/2 miles W. of Tredegar. It is the seat of ironworks. Pop. (1861) 7630; (1901) 7914.

Riad

Riad, capital of Nejd, a town in the highlands of central Arabia. Pop. 30,000.

Riazan

Riazan (Ree-a-zan'), a town of Russia, near the Oka's right bank, 115 miles by rail SE. of Moscow. Pop. 46,150. - The government has an area of 16,250 sq. m. and a pop. of 1,802,200.

Ribble

Ribble. See Preston.

Ribchester

Rib'chester, a town of Lancashire, on the Ribble, 5 1/2 miles NNW. of Blackburn. It occupies the site of a Roman station. Pop. 1235.

Ribeauville

Ribeauville (Ri-bo-veel'; Ger. Rappoltsweiler), a town of Upper Alsace, pleasantly situated amid vineyards at the west foot of the Vosges, 33 miles SSW. of Strasburg. Pop. 6902.

Ribstone Hall

Ribstone Hall, a seat in the East Riding of Yorkshire, on the Nidd, 3 1/2 miles SE. of Knares-borough. Here was grown the first 'Ribstone pippin' in England.

Richborough

Richborough. See Sandwich.

Rickmansworth

Rickmansworth, a town of Hertfordshire, at the confluence of the Colne, Gade, and Chess, 4 miles W. by S. of Watford. It has a church (rebuilt in 1890) with interesting monuments; and near it is Moor Park, the seat of the ill-fated Duke of Monmouth. Population, 5800. See R. Bayne's Historical Sketch (1870).