Rock Island

Rock Island, capital of a county in Illinois, on the Mississippi, opposite Davenport, Iowa (the two are connected by a wrought-iron bridge which cost $1,300,000), 181 miles by rail WSW. of Chicago. The island from which the town is named is used as a public park; on it are also an arsenal and armoury. The channel to the east of the island has been dammed so as to furnish immense water-power, and the city has flour and saw mills, foundries, machine-shops, glass-works, etc. Pop. (1880) 11,659; (1900) 19,500.

Rockland

Rockland, (1) capital of Knox county, Maine, on the west side of Penobscot Bay, 88 miles by rail ENE. of Portland, with granite quarries, lime-kilns, iron and brass foundries, shipbuilding, etc. Pop. 8174. - (2) Rockland, Massachusetts, 19 miles by rail SSE. of Boston, has large boot and shoe factories. Pop. 5400.

Rockland Lake

Rockland Lake, near the Hudson, 30 miles N. of New York City, is 3 miles in circumference, and furnishes 200,000 tons of ice annually.

Rock River rises in SE

Rock River rises in SE. of Wisconsin, and flows (with many falls) 375 miles S. and SW. through Illinois to the Mississippi, 3 miles below Rock Island.

Rock Springs

Rock Springs, a town of Wyoming, 258 miles W. of Laramie. Pop. 4370.

Rocroi

Rocroi (Rokr-wa'), a fortress of France, dep. Ardennes, 24 miles NW. of Sedan, and 2 from the Belgian frontier. Here Conde defeated the Spaniards in 1643. Pop. 2100.

Rodez

Rodez (Ro-day'), a town of southern France (dep. Aveyron), stands on a bold bluff encircled by the Aveyron, 148 miles by rail NW. of Mont-pellier. The Gothic cathedral (1277-1535) has a tower 260 feet high, crowned by a colossal image of the Virgin. There are several mediAeval houses, remains of a Roman amphitheatre, and a restored Roman aqueduct. Coal-mining, cloth-making, tanning, and cattle-dealing are carried on. Pop. 12,000.

Roding

Roding, an Essex river flowing 30 miles to the Thames, near East Ham.

Rodosto

Rodos'to (anc. Rhœdestos), a town of Turkey, on the north shore of the Sea of Marmora, 60 miles W. of Constantinople. Pop. 18,600.

Rodriguez

Rodriguez (Ro-dree'ghez), or Rodrioues, a hilly volcanic island (1760 feet), 18 miles long by 7 broad, lies 380 miles E. by N. of Mauritius, of which it is a dependency. Hurricanes often cause great damage to the island, which is encircled by a coral-reef. It was discovered by the Portuguese in 1645, and has been a British colony since 1814. The chief port is Port Mathurin. Pop. 3200.

Roermond

Roermond (Roor-mond), an old Dutch town, at the junction of the Roer and the Maas (Meuse), 29 miles N. by E. of Maestricht. The fine cathedral (1218) is Romanesque. Pop. 12,350.

Roeskilde

Roeskilde (Rus-keel'deh), a city on the Danish island of Zealand, at the southern end of the Roeskilder Fjord, 20 miles by rail W. by S. of Copenhagen. Founded in 980, it was the capital of the Danish kings and the seat of the bishops. The 13th-c. cathedral contains the tombs of most of the kings. Here peace was signed between Sweden and Denmark in 1658. Pop. 8370.