Rugby, a town of Warwickshire, at the Swift's influx to the Avon, 83 miles NW. of London and 30 ESE. of Birmingham. It is an important railway junction, a great hunting centre, and the seat of a public school. Pop. (1851) 6317; (1901) 16,830. The grocer, Lawrence Sheriff, founded the school in 1567; but it first became of national reputation under Dr Arnold (1828-42), whose successors have included Archbishop Tait, Dean Goulburn, Bishop Temple, and Dr Jex-Blake. When the last-named resigned in 1887 he left behind him a school unrivalled in its appointments, including a new chapel (1872). Of illustrious Rugbeians may be named the poets Landor, Clough, and Matthew Arnold; Dean Stanley, Judge Hughes (the author of Tom Brown's Schooldays); Dean Vaughan, Lord Derby, Lord Cross, Mr Goschen, Sir R. Temple, Franck Bright and York Powell the historians, and Professor Sidg-wick. See the Rugby School Registers (3 vols. 1881- 91); works by Dean Goulburn (1856), Bloxamand Payne Smith (1889), and Rimmer (1892).