Saltaire, a model village of Yorkshire, on the Aire, 3 miles NW. of Bradford, founded and built by Sir Titus Salt, who opened his worsted and alpaca factory here in 1853. This factory covers 12 acres, and is six stories high. The place possesses a church of Byzantine architecture, hospital, school, a park of 14 acres, workmen's club and institute which cost 30,000, technical schools (1887), etc. Pop. about 5000.


Saltash, a picturesque municipal borough and seaport of Cornwall, on the west side of the Tamar estuary, and 4 1/2 miles NW. of Plymouth by a railway that crosses the Tamar by Brunei's iron Royal Albert Viaduct (1857-59), 2240 feet long and 240 high (the roadway 102 feet above high-water mark), constructed at a cost of 230,000. The church of St Nicholas dates from 1225. The town was disfranchised in 1832. Pop. 3500.


Saltburn, a picturesque Yorkshire watering-place, built on lofty cliffs facing the sea, 4 miles SE. of Redcar, dates from the opening of the railway in 1861. Pop. 2580.


Saltcoats, a watering-place of Ayrshire, on the Firth of Clyde, 1 mile ESE. of Ardrossan and 30 miles SW. of Glasgow. It was a seat of salt manufacture from 1686 to 1827. Pop. 8120.


Saltfleet, a Lincolnshire coast-village, 9 1/2 miles ENE. of Louth.


Saltillo (Salteel'yo), capital of the Mexican state of Coahuila, by rail 237 miles SW. of Laredo, in Texas, and 603 N. by W. of Mexico city. Pop. 25,000. Near it is Buena Vista (q.v.).


Saltley, a NE. suburb of Birmingham.


Saltney, a Flintshire village on the Dee, 2 miles SW. of Chester, with docks and ironworks. Pop. of township, 2675.


Salto (Salil'to), capital of a NW. dep. of Uruguay (area, 4863 sq. m.; pop. 43,567), stands near the head of navigation on the Uruguay River, 86 miles by rail N. of Paysandu. Pop. 15,000.


Saltram, on the Catwater, 4 miles ENE. of Plymouth, seat of the Earl of Morley.

Salt Range

Salt Range, a barren mountain-system, 3200 to 5000 feet high, in the Punjab, India, consists of two E. and W. chains enclosing a lofty tableland rich in rock-salt.


Saluzzo (Saloof'zo), an Italian city near the Alps, 42 miles by rail S. by W. of Turin. It has a cathedral (1480), with the tombs of the marquises of Saluzzo, their old castle (now a prison), and the ruined abbey of Staflarola (1131-1737). Silvio Pellico was born here. Pop. 9716.


Salvatierra, a town of Mexico, 197 miles by rail NW. of Mexico city, with cotton-factories. Pop. 23,962.


Salween, a river of Asia that flows south through the Shan country, then between Siam and British Burma, to the Gulf of Martaban a little below Maulmain. It is navigable for about 80 miles. The course of the Salween (also spelt Salwen, Salwin, and Salouain) is known only as high as 25° N. lat. It is uncertain whether the Lukiang of the Chinese (Tibetan Giama Nu-Chu), which has a course of some 700 miles through Tibet, is the upper part of the Salween or the upper part of the Irawadi (q.v.).