Samos, an island in the Aegean, close to the coast of Asia Minor, 45 miles SSW. of Smyrna; length is 30 miles, mean breadth 8, area 180 sq. m. The highest peak, Mount Kerki (anc. Cerceteus), reaches 4725 feet. Between Samos and the mainland is the narrow channel of Mycale, where in 479 b.c. the Persians were totally defeated by the Greeks. Between Samos and Nicaria (anc. Icaria) on the west is the Great Boghaz, 3 to 8 miles broad. Samos is well watered and very fertile; its principal product is wine, with olive-oil, carob beans, raisins, and hides. The chief industry is tanning. The capital of the island is Vathy (pop. 6000), on the north coast. The site of the ancient city of Samos is occupied by Tigani. The island was in Greek times celebrated for its red glossy pottery. Pop. of island (1900) 54,850, all Greeks. A portion (from 84 B.C.)of the Roman province of Asia, and then a Byzantine possession, Samos was conquered by the Turks. When the war of independence broke out in 1821 no Greeks were more ardent patriots than the Samians; and deep was their disappointment when, at the close of the struggle, European policy assigned them to their former masters. They are, however, governed (since 1833) by a Greek, the Prince of Samos, and by a native council, paying tribute to the Porte.