Sansanding, or Sansandig, a town of Africa, on the Niger's left bank, 370 miles SW. of Tim-buctoo. Pop. 20,000.

San Sebastian

San Sebastian, a fortress and seaport in the north of Spain, 402 miles by rail NNE. of Madrid, and 11 from the French frontier. It is built on a peninsula, stretching from the base of a conical hill, Orgullo (400 feet), which is crowned with a strong castle. Since its storming by Wellington (1813), the town has been rebuilt on a regular plan. On the west is a magnificent roadstead, but difficult of access. It is bordered by a beautiful shore, which attracts many summer visitors. Most of the loading and unloading is done at Pasages, 2 1/2 miles E. The imports include coal, metals, fish, spirits, and yarn; the exports wine, minerals, textiles, and matches. Pop. 37,800.

San Severo

San Severo (Sevay'ro), a cathedral city of Italy, 18 miles by rail NW. of Foggia. Pop. 25,000.

San Stefano

San Stef'ano, a village 6 miles W. of Con-stantinople.

Santa Ana

Santa Ana, a town of Salvador, 40 miles NNE. of Sonsonate. Pop. 45,000.

Santa Barbara

Santa Barbara, 'the Newport of the Pacific,' is on the coast of S. California. Pop. 7000.

Santa Catharina

Santa Catharina (Kataree'na), a southern coast state of Brazil, with an area of 27,436 sq. m. and a pop. of 295,000, largely Germans. The capital is Desterro (30,000), on a small island.

Santa Clara

Santa Clara, capital of a province in the centre of Cuba. Pop. 13,800.

Santa Fe

Santa Fe (Fay), a wealthy province of the Argentine Republic, N. of Buenos Ayres; area, 54,790 sq. m.; pop. 575,000. The largest town is Rosario. The capital is Santa Fe, on the Rio Salado, by rail 7 miles from its port, Colastine, on the Parana. Pop. 25,099. See also Bogota.

Santa Fe

Santa Fe, till 1906 capital of the territory of New Mexico, in that year incorporated with the state of Arizona, is 6840 feet above the sea. It is an old Spanish-American town, and its adobe archiepiscopal cathedral is the oldest existing Christian edifice in the States. Pop. 5713.

Santa Lucia

Santa Lucia. See St Lucia. - Santa Lucia is also the name of a town of Uruguay, 30 miles NW. of Montevideo. Pop. 5000.

Santa Marta

Santa Marta, a port of Colombia, on the Caribbean Sea, was founded in 1525, the second Spanish town planted on the mainland. In 1834 an earthquake almost utterly destroyed the place, which is a bishop's see. Pop. 9000.

Santa Maura

Santa Maura. See Leukas.


Santander (Span. pron. San-tan-dair'), a seaport of Spain, on an inlet of the Bay of Biscay, 316 miles by rail N. of Madrid, with cigar-factories, breweries, cotton, paper, and flour mills, iron-foundries, and shipbuilding yards. The exports include flour, wine, food-stufts, and metals; the imports, tobacco, food-stuffs, codfish, iron and steel goods, textiles, coal, petroleum, chemicals, timber, etc. Santander is a favourite seaside-resort in summer. Pop. 54,800. It was here Charles I. embarked for England after his trip to the Spanish court. The town was sacked by Soult in 180S, and in November 1893 was wrecked, with great loss of life, by the explosion of a dynamite-freighted ship in the harbour. - Area of province of Santander, 2113 sq. m.; pop. 276,000.