Schwarzwald

Schwarzwald (Shvartzvalt). See Black Forest.

Schwedt

Schwedt (Shvayt), a town in the Prussian province of Brandenburg, on the Oder, 28 miles SSW. of Stettin, the residence of the margraves of Brandenburg from 1689 to 1788. Pop. 9756.

Schweidnitz

Schweidnitz (Shvide'neetz), a town of Prussian Silesia, 36 miles by rail SW. of Breslau. Woollens and linens, implements, gloves, needles, pottery, beer, etc. are manufactured. Pop. 28,440.

Schweinfurt

Schweinfurt (Shvine'foort), long an imperial free city of NW. Bavaria, on the Main, 28 miles NE. of Wurzburg by rail. Ruckert the poet was born here (monument 1890). Pop. 15,500.

Schwerin

Schwerin (Shvay-reen'), capital of Mecklen-burg-Schwerin, lies on the Lake of Schwerin (14 miles in length and 3 broad). It contains the grand-duke's castle (1845-58), a Renaissance structure; the cathedral (1365-1430); an arsenal; a museum and picture-gallery; and manufactures of lacquered wares, machinery, cloth, etc. Pop. 40,000.

Schwyz

Schwyz (Shveets), a Swiss canton, touches in the north the Lake of Zurich, and in the west the Lakes of Zug and Lucerne. Area, 350 sq. m.; pop. 56,000, German-speaking and Catholics. The surface is mountainous, rising on the border to 9052 feet. The monastery of Einsiedeln attracts pilgrims, and the Rigi vast numbers of tourists in the summer. Schwyz, the capital, is picturesquely situated 26 miles by rail E. of Lucerne. Here, on 1st August 1891, was held the sixth centenary of the League of Brunnen and the seventh of the founding of Bern. Pop. 7624.

Sciacca

Sciacca (Shakka; anc. Thermœ Selinuntinœ), a seaport of S. Sicily, on a bold cliff 30 miles NW. of Girgenti, has a line 11th-century cathedral, two ruined castles, and hot sulphurous and saline springs. Off the coast coral banks were discovered in 1875-80. Pop. 20,709.

Scicli

Scicli (Shee'klee), a town in the SE. of Sicily, 36 miles SW. of Syracuse. Near by are the remains of the ancient Casmenœ. Pop. 13,842.

Scinde

Scinde. See Sind.

Scindias Dominions

Scindia's Dominions. See Gwalioe.

Scio

Scio (Shee'o). See Chios.

Scioto

Scioto (Si-o'to), a beautiful river of Ohio, flowing nearly 300 miles E. and S., to its junction at Portsmouth with the river Ohio.

Sclavonia

Sclavonia. See Slavonia.

Scone

Scone (Scoon), in Perthshire, on the Tay's left bank, 2 miles N. of Perth, was the capital of Pictavia as early as 710, and the coronation place of the Scottish kings from 1153 till 1488, as afterwards in 1651 of Charles II. The 'stone of Destiny' was carried off in 1296 by Edward I. An Augustinian abbey, founded by Alexander I. in 1115, was demolished by a rabble in 1559; and the subsequent Palace of the Viscounts Stormont, occupied by the Old Pretender for three weeks in 1716, and visited by Prince Charles Edward, gave place to a modern mansion, the seat of their descendant, the Earl of Mansfield. See Urquhart's History of Scone (1884).