Semiretchinsk', a province of Asiatic Russia, having East Turkestan on the SE., and Lake Balkash on the N., is a mountainous region, being crossed from east to west by the Ala-tau and Thian-Shan Mountains, whose peaks run up to 16,000 feet. Between them lies the mountain-lake of Issyk-kul. Area, 147,298 sq. m.; pop. 990,200. Vyernyi (pop. 22,980) is the chief town.


Semliki (Sem-lee'kee), a river of equatorial Africa, flowing NE. to Albert Nyanza.


Semlin (Hung. Zimony), a frontier town of Hungary, stands on a tongue of land at the junction of the Save and the Danube, above Belgrade. It contains the ruined castle of John Hunyady, who died here. Pop. 14,836.


Sem'mering, a mountain (4577 feet) on the borders of Styria and Austria, 60 miles SW. of Vienna, over which the Trieste Railway was constructed in 1850-53 at a cost of 2,000,000.


Sempach (Zem'pahh), a small Swiss town (pop. 1183), 9 miles by rail NW. of Lucerne, on the east shore of the lake of Sempach. Under its walls Leopold of Austria, with 4000 men, was routed on 9th July 1386 by 1500 Swiss.


Sempringham, a Lincolnshire parish, 13 miles E. by S. of Grantham. St Gilbert (1083-1189) was probably a native.


Semple. See Lochwinnoch.


Senaar. See Sennaar.


Sendai, a coast-town of Japan, 220 miles NNE. of Tokyo by rail. Pop. 83,500.

Seneca Falls

Sen'eca Falls, a post-village of New York, on the Seneca River (which falls 50 feet here), 10 miles from the lake and 41 by rail WSW. of Syracuse, with manufactories of steam fire-engines, pumps, etc. Pop. 6880.

Seneca Lake

Sen'eca Lake, one of a range of narrow lakes in the west of New York State, 36 miles N. and S., two miles in average width, and 530 feet deep.


Seneffe', or Senef, a Belgian town (pop. 3438), 27 miles S. by W. of Brussels. Here William of Orange (III. of England) was defeated by Conde in 1674, and in 1794 the Austrians by the French.


Senegal (Sen-e-gawl'), a river of West Africa, has two main sources, the Bafing from Futa-Jallon, and the Bakhoy from the SE., which meet at Bafulabe, 700 miles from the coast; thence the united Senegal flows to the Atlantic 10 miles below St Louis. In July-October, boats can get up to Kayes, 40 miles below Bafulabe. The channel is in the higher reaches obstructed by falls and narrows, its lower course is studded with low, flat islands, and its mouth blocked by a formidable bar. There is a railway along the left bank between Kayes and Dioubeba (25 miles beyond Bafulabe), to be continued to Bam-mako on the Niger (320 miles from Kayes). For the colony of Senegal, see next article.


Senlac. See Hastings.


Senlis (Songleece'), a very ancient town of France, dep. of Oise, 33 miles NNE. of Paris. It has walls flanked with towers, partly Roman; the ruins of a royal castle; and a small but beautiful cathedral'(begun 1155). Senlis ceased to be a bishop's seat in 1801. Pop. 6000.