Sennaar, Sennar, or Senaar, a city of the Eastern Soudan, on the Blue Nile, 160 miles SSE. of Khartoum. Pop. 8000. It is the chief town of a district lying between the Blue and the White Nile, which was made an Egyptian province in 1820, but fell to the Mahdi in 1884.
Sennen, a Cornish village, Land's End.
Sens (Song), an old walled town of France, dep. Yonne, stands on the right bank of the Yonne, 70 miles by rail SE. of Paris. Its principal ornament is the Gothic cathedral of St Stephen (1122-68), with splendid portals, line stained glass, and the vestments of Thomas a Becket. Pop. 13,642.
Sentis. See Santis.
Seoul, or Soul (Sowl), the capital of Corea, stands on the river Han, 75 miles from its entrance into the Yellow Sea and 57 miles from its port Chemulpo. It was the objective of the armies of Japan and China in the war of 1894. Pop. 190,000, or, with extensive suburbs, 300,000. See Curzon's Problems of the Far East (1894).
Seraievo. See Sarajevo.
Seraing (Serang) a town of Belgium, 4 miles by rail SW. of Liege, stands on the right bank of the Meuse, and is connected by a suspension bridge with the village of Jemeppe. It is the seat of a colossal manufactory of steam-machinery, locomotives, etc., established by an Englishman, John Cockerill (1790-1840), in 1817 in the old summer palace of the bishops of Liege. It employs some 12,000 work-people in hundreds of machine-shops, forges, coal-mines, etc. Pop. (1827) 2000; (1881) 28,385; (1900) 39,623.
Serajgunj. See Sirajganj.
Serampur', a town of India, built in European style, along the right bank of the Hooghly, 13 miles by rail N. of Calcutta. A Danish settlement till 1845, it was the centre of the Baptist mission. Pop. 44,460.
Serang. See Ceram.
Seres, in Turkey, 43 miles NE. of Saloniki, trades in wool, skins, and tobacco. Pop. 30,000.
Sergipe (Ser-zhee'peh), a maritime state of Brazil, NE. of Bahia. Area, 7370 sq. m.; population, 380,000. - There is a small town, Sergipe or Sao Christovao, on the Sergipe River; but the capital is the port of Aracaju; pop. 20,000.
Serinagar. See Srinagar.
Seringapatam' (properly Sri Ranga Patanam = 'City of Vishnu'), the capital of Mysore state in Southern India from 1610 to 1799, is built on an island in the Kaveri, 10 miles NE. of Mysore city. The island is 3 miles long and 1 broad; at its western end stands the fort enclosing the palace of Tippoo Saib and the principal mosque. Outside it are the garden in which was built the mausoleum of Tippoo and his father, Hyder Ali, and Tippoo's summer palace. The fort was besieged by Lord Cornwallis in 1791, and again in 1792. A British army appeared before the walls again in 1799, and on 3d May the fort was stormed and Tippoo slain. Pop. 150,000 in Tippoo's day; now only 10,000, most of whom live in the suburb of Ganjam, the ancient city being ruinous.