Somme, a river of northern France, rises not far from St Quentin in the dep. of Aisne, and flows 150 miles SW. and NW. to the English Channel near St Valery. It is navigable for vessels of 300 tons up to Abbeville (q.v.), and its upper course is canalised. - The dep. of Somme, formerly part of Picardy, touches the English Channel on the north-west. Area, 2378 sq. m. There are the five arrondissements of Abbeville, Amiens (the capital), Doullens, Montdidier, and Peronne. Pop. (1872) 557,015; (1901) 537,848.
Somnath (Somnaut), a town of Gujarat, India, on the SW. coast of the peninsula of Kathiawar, containing many ruins and memorials of Krishna. From the Hindu temple of the idol Somnath, now in ruins, Mahmud of Ghazni (1025) is said to have carried off the wonderful temple gates, which, or some other gates, Lord Ellenborough triumphantly brought back from Afghanistan in 1842, and deposited in a lumber-room at Agra. Pop. 6644.
Sonderburg. See Alsen.
Song-ka, the chief river of Tong-king (q.v.).
Sonnblick, a summit (10,277 feet) of the Salzburg Mountains, with a meteorological observatory and a shelter built in 1886.
Sonoma, a chief seat of the Californian wine-culture, 50 miles N. of San Francisco.
Soochoo, or Suchad, formerly one of the largest cities in China, on the Imperial Canal, 50 miles WNW. of Shanghai. It stands on numerous islands separated by canals, and has long been a noted centre of the silk manufacture and of the printing of cheap Chinese classics. Captured by the Taipings, but recovered by Gordon (1863), it is now a treaty port. Pop. 500,000.
Sooloo Islands. See Sulu Islands.