Soul. See Seoul.
Soulouque. See Hayti.
Sound (A.S. and Ger. Sund), the strait which leads from the Cattegat into the Baltic Sea, having Sweden on the east and the Danish island of Zealand on the west. It forms the usual passage to the Baltic, and is 50 miles long and nearly 3 wide at the narrowest, between Helsingborg and Elsinore. Its passage, defended by the strong Danish fortress of Kronborg, was forced by Nelson in 1801. From the 15th c. till 1857 ships using this channel were charged toll.
South Africa. See Cape Colony.
South America. See America.
South Bend, capital of St Joseph county, Indiana, on the St Joseph River, 86 miles ESE. of Chicago. It has a R. C. university, and manufactures wagons, furniture, woollens, paper, flour, etc. Pop. 42,000.
Southend-on-Sea, an Essex watering-place, at the mouth of the Thames estuary, 42 miles E. of London. Dating from a visit here of Queen Caroline and the Princess Charlotte in 1804, it was in great part built by Sir S. Morton Peto (1809-89), and has good level sands, a public hall (1872), and a pier, over a mile in length, undertaken in 1888, with electric tramway and concert pavilion. It was made a municipal borough in 1892. Pop. (1851) 2462; (1901) 28,857.
South Georgia, a group of islands, uninhabited, and almost perpetually ice-bound, in 54° 30' S. lat. and 36° - 38° W. long., nearly 800 miles E. by S. of the Falkland Isles, of which they are a dependency. Area, 1000 sq. m. Discovered in 1675, they were taken possession of by Captain Cook in 1775; and here in 1882-83 lived the German expedition for observing the transit of Venus.