Subiaco (Soobyah'ko; anc. Sublaqueum), a city of Italy, lies embosomed in hills beside the Teverone, 32 miles E. by N. of Rome. It was the cradle of the Benedictine order and the place where the printing-press was first set up in Italy (1464). Two monasteries date from the 6th century; one of them (Santa Scolastica) contains a small but valuable library, whilst the other was built near St Benedict's cave. Pop. 8500.


Suchau. See Soochoo.


Sucre. See Chuquisaca.


Sudan. See Soudan.


Sud'bury, a municipal borough (till 1843 also parliamentary) of Suffolk, on the Stour at the Essex boundary, 16 miles S. of Bury St Edmunds and 58 NE. of London. It has three old churches, mainly Perpendicular in style, a town-hall (1828), grammar-school (1491; rebuilt 1857), corn exchange (1841), and manufactures of cocoa-nut matting, silk, bricks, etc. - the famous woollen industry of the Flemings, dating from the 14th century, having died out. Archbishop Theobald, beheaded by Tyler in 1381, and Gainsborough were natives. Pop. (1851) 6043; (1901) 7109.


Sudbury, a village of Ontario (pop. 2000), by rail 443 miles W. by N. of Montreal. Close by are immense deposits of copper and nickel.

Sudetic Mountains

Sudet'ic Mountains, a mountain-system of SE. Germany, dividing Prussian Silesia and Lusatia from Bohemia and Moravia, and connecting the Carpathians with the mountains of Franconia. It forms a continuous chain only in the middle - the Riesengebirge (q.v.) and Isergebirge.


Sudreys, or Sudoreys. See Man (Isle of).


Suevi. See Swabia.


Suhl (Soole), a town of Prussia, in a romantic Thuringian valley, 32 miles by rail SW. of Erfurt; celebrated for its firearms, as formerly for its swords and armour. Pop. 13,500.


Suilven. See Sutherland.


Suir (Shure), a river of Ireland, flowing 85 miles SW. and E., chiefly along the boundaries of Tip-perary, Waterford, Kilkenny, and Wexford, past Clonmel, Carrick, and Waterford, till it meets the Barrow, and falls into Waterford Haven.

Sukaum Kale

Sukaum Kale (Sook'hoom Kah-leh; anc. Dios-curias), a fortified seaport (Russian since 1877) of the Caucasus, on the E. coast of the Black Sea, 70 miles N. by W. of Poti. Pop. 8000.


Sukkur, a town on the Indus' right bank, 28 miles by rail SE. of Shikarpur; it is connected by rail also with Karachi, and is the terminus of the Bolan Pass Railway to Afghanistan. The Fiver is crossed by a magnificent cantilever bridge (1889), or rather two bridges (one 820 feet in span), resting on Bukkur Island. New Sukkur grew up after the British occupied (1839) the fort on Bukkur. Pop. (1872) 13,318; (1901) 31,316. Near Old Sukkur, a mile away, are old tombs.


Sulgrave, a Northants parish, the Washingtons' ancestral seat, 6 miles NNW. of Brackley.

Suliman Hills

Suliman Hills (Soo-lee-mahn'), a rocky, barren mountain-range running over 350 miles N. and S., between Afghanistan and the Punjab. The highest summit, Takht-i-Sulaiman (Solomon's Throne), 11,295 feet high, was first ascended by a European, Major Holdich, in 1883.