Sundsvall (Soonds-val), a Swedish seaport, on the Gulf of Bothnia, 80 miles N. by W. of Stockholm, and 290 by rail E. by S. of Trondhjem in Norway, has ironworks and sawmills. It was almost destroyed by lire in 1888. Pop. 15,200.

Sungei Ujong

Sungei Ujong. See Straits Settlements.


Sunium. See Colonna.


Sunnyside. See Tarrytown.


Suona'da, or the Inland Sea of Japan, separates the islands of Kyushu and Shikoku from the main island, Honshu. It is 250 miles in length from the strait of Shitnonoseki (q.v.) to Osaka, has a maximum breadth of 50 miles, and is studded with innumerable islets and rocks.


Surabaya (Soorabi'ya), a seaport and capital of a province on the N. coast of Java, opposite Madura Island. Here the Dutch have an arsenal, a mint, sugar and furniture factories, shipbuilding yards, and foundries. Sugar, coffee, hides, tobacco, rice, and cotton are exports; pop. 147,000.


Surakarta, a town in the centre of Java, con-nected by rail with Samarang on the N. and « Surabaya on the E.; pop. 124,000.


Surbiton. See Kingston-upon-Thames.


Surinam. See Guiana (Dutch).


Sus, (1) a river and district of Morocco between the Atlas and the Anti-Atlas. - (2) A port of Tunis, 75 miles SE. of the capital. Pop. 8000.


Susa (the Shushan of Daniel, Esther, &c), a town of Persia, the ancient capital of Susiana (the Elam of Scripture, mod. Khusistan), and one of the most important cities of the old world. Its ruins cover 3 sq. m., and include four spacious platforms above 100 feet high. See books by Williams, Loftus, Churchill, and Dieulafoy.


Susa, a city of Northern Italy, on a tributary of the Po, at the foot of the Cottian Alps, 32 miles by rail W. of Turin. It has a cathedral (1029), and a triumphal arch (8 b.c.). Pop. 4960.


Susquehanna, an American river, the North Branch (350 miles) of which has its origin in Schuyler Lake, in Central New York, and the West Branch (250 miles) in the Alleghany Mountains. These two unite at Northumberland, Pennsylvania, and the river thence flows 150 miles S. and SE. to the N. end of Chesapeake Bay. It is a shallow, rapid, mountain river, with varied and romantic scenery, and is of use mainly for floating timber. On its banks Coleridge and Southey proposed to found their 'pantisocracy.'

Sutherland Falls

Sutherland Falls. See New Zealand.


Sutlej, or Satlaj (anc. Hyphasis or Hesidrus), the eastmost of the five rivers of the Punjab, rises in the sacred lakes of Manasarowar and Rakas-tal in Tibet, at a height of 15,200 feet, and near the sources of the Indus and Brahmaputra. It flows at first NW., but turns westward to cut its way through the Himalayas, during which passage it drops to 3000 feet. After entering British territory it pursues a SW. direction, and after flowing 900 miles in all joins the Indus at Mithankot, S. of Multan. It is crossed near Jullunder by a magnificent iron railway bridge, 2 1/2 miles long, and by another near Bhawalpur, just before the influx of the Jhelum-Chenab.