Swanee River

Swanee River. See Suwanee.


Swanetia. See Caucasus.

Swan River

Swan River. See Western Australia.


Swatow, a Chinese seaport, opened to foreign trade since 1869, at the mouth of the Han, 225 miles E. of Canton. It is the seat of great sugar-refineries, and of bean-cake and grass-cloth manufactures. Pop. 40,000.


Swaziland (Swah'zee), a South African native state, lying W. of the Libomba Mountains, and intruding into the E. side of the Transvaal. Area, 6536 sq. m.; pop. 84,000 Swazis and 900 white men. Its trade, valued at 70,000, goes either through Natal or by way of Delagoa Bay. Its independence was recognised by the Transvaal and Britain in 1884; since 1904 it has been under the control of the British government. The Swazis, a Zulu-Kaffir race, smelt copper and iron, and are noted for their wood-carving.


Sweaborg. See Helsingfors.

Sweetheart Abbey

Sweetheart Abbey. See New Abbey.


Swilly, Lough, an inlet of the Atlantic, 25 miles long and 3 to 4 wide, on the north coast of Donegal, Ireland, enters between Dunaff Head on the E. and Fanad Point, with a lighthouse, on the W. A second lighthouse is on Dunree Head. The entrance is protected by forts. On the E. shore is the watering-place, Buncrana. In Lough Swilly a French fleet was destroyed in 1798; and in 1811 the foundering of H.M.S. Saldanha at the entrance cost 300 lives.


Swindon, a municipal borough of Wiltshire, 77 miles W. of London and 29 ENE. of Bath, consists of Old Swindon, on au eminence l 1/4 mile S., and New Swindon, which originated in the transference hither in 1841 from Wootton-Bassett of the engineering works of the Great Western Railway. The former is rather a picturesque place, with a good Decorated parish church (rebuilt by Sir G. G. Scott in 1851), a town-hall (1852), assembly rooms (1850), and a corn exchange (1867); New Swindon has a mechanics' institute (1843), a theatre, etc. Pop. (1861) 6856; (1881) 22,374; (1901) 45,006 (6100 in Old Swindon). See J. E. Jackson's Swindon and its Neighbourhood (1861), and the English III. Mag. for April 1892.


Swineford, a Mayo market-town, 22 miles SW.' of Ballymote. Pop. 1360.


Swinemunde (Sveen-eh-meen'deh), a fortified seaport and watering-place of Prussia, on Usedom Island, 124 miles by rail NNE. of Berlin. Pop. 10,500. (See Oder.)


Swineshead, a town of Lincolnshire, 6 miles WSW. of Boston. At its Cistercian abbey King John surfeited himself with peaches and new beer. Pop. 1760.


Swlnton, (1) a town in the West Riding of Yorkshire, 5 miles NNE. of Rotherham. It has manufactures of bottles, iron, pottery, etc. Population, 12,500. - (2) A town of Lancashire, 4 1/2 miles WNW. of Manchester, with cotton-mills and brick-fields. Pop. of Swinton and Pendle-bury, 27,000.


Swords, a town, 8 miles N. of Dublin, with a round tower, castle, and abbey. Pop. 945.


Syene (Si-ee'nee). See Assouan.