TABASCO

TABASCO, a Gulf state of Mexico, named from a river running to Campeachy Bay. Area, 10,072 sq. m.; pop. 160,000.

Table Mountain

Table Mountain. See Capetown.

Taboga

Taboga. See Panama.

Tabor

Ta'bor, a dome-shaped oak-clad hill, 1000 feet high, of N. Palestine, 7 miles E. of Nazareth. Regarded in the 2d c. as the Mount of Transfiguration, it is crowned by a ruined crusading church.

Tabriz

Tabriz (Tabreez'; anc. Tauris), a city of Persia, capital of Azerbijan province, 40 miles E. of Lake Urmia. The Kabud Masjid, or 'blue mosque' (1450), is an interesting ruin; the citadel is a spacious edifice, its brick walls cracked by earthquakes. Tabriz manufactures leather, silk, and gold and silversmith's work; it is also the emporium of an extensive transit trade. The imports include cotton fabrics, sugar, woollen cloth, and wines, spirits; the exports, drugs, spices, dried fruits, shawls, carpets, raw silk. The opening of the Russian railway between the Black Sea and the Caspian, and Russian tariff legislation, have injured the overland trade by Tabriz. The Anglo-Indian telegraph line passes here. Pop. 170,000.

Tacna

Tacna, a southern province of Peru, taken possession of by Chili in 1883 avowedly for only ten years. Area, 8685 sq. m.; population, 25,000. The capital, Tacna, 38 miles by rail N. of Arica (q.v.), has a pop. of 9500.

Tacoma

Taco'ma, the second city of Washington state, on the E. side of Puget Sound, by rail 145 miles N. of Portland, Oregon, and 18 S. by W. of Seattle.

In 1880 it was a mere village; in 1890 a flourishing city, with trams, water, gas and the electric light, miles of wide streets, numerous mills and factories, and a busy port. In the district around are coal, iron, precious metals, lumber, farms of wheat, hops, fruit, and vegetables; it has a tea trade direct with Japan. Pop. (1880) 1098; (1900) 37,714. Behind the city is beautiful Mount Tacoma or Rainier (14,444 feet).

Tacuarembo

Tacuarem'bo, the largest dep. of Uruguay, bounded S. by the Rio Negro. Area, 8074 sq. m.; pop. 40,100.

Tadcaster

Tad'caster (Roman Calcaria), a Yorkshire town, on the Wharfe, 9 miles SW. of York. Towton, 2 1/2 miles S., witnessed a great Yorkist victory on Palm Sunday, 29th May 1461. Pop. 3000.

Tadmor

Tadmor. See Palmyra.

Taf

Taf, a river of Pembroke and Carmarthen shires, flowing 25 miles to Carmarthen Bay.

Taff

Taff, a river of South Wales, flowing 40 miles to the Bristol Channel at Cardiff.

Tafilet

Tafilet. See Morocco.

Taganrog

Taganrog, a Russian seaport, on the N. shore of the Sea of Azov, 15 miles W. of the Don's mouth. It exports wheat, linseed, hempseed, skins, wool, butter, and tallow. Founded in 1698, it was bombarded during the Crimean war by an Anglo-French fleet. Pop. 60,700.

Taghmon

Taghmon, a market-town, 9 miles W. of Wexford. Pop. 555.

Tagus

Tagus (Span. Tajo), the largest river of the.

Spanish Peninsula, rises on the hilly frontier of Guadalajara and Teruel provinces. It first flows NW., then curving SW., flows mainly in that direction past Aranjuez, Toledo, and Alcantara, and, in Portugal, Abrantes, Santarem, and Lisbon, 10 miles below which it enters the Atlantic. Below Salvaterra it divides into the western Tejo Novo and the eastern Mar de Pedro, which form a delta, and both fall into the noble Bay of Lisbon. It is 566 miles long, and navigable to Abrantes from Santarem for ocean-going steamers.