Tarik. See Gibraltar.

Tarim River

Tarim River. See Turkestan (Eastern).


Tarn, a hilly, well-wooded dep. of S. France, named after the river Tarn, an affluent of the Garonne. Area, 2217 sq. m.; pop. (1881) 359,223; (1901) 332,093. The arrondissements are Albi (the capital), Castres, Gaillac, and Lavaur.


Tarn-et-Garonne (Tam-ay-Garonn'), a dep. of S. France. Area, 1436 sq. m.; pop. (1881) 217,056; (1901) 195,669. The principal river is the Garonne, with its affluents the Tarn and Aveyron. It is divided into the three arrondissements of Mon-tauban (the capital), Castelsarrasin, and Moissac.


Tarno'pol, a town of Austrian Galicia, 80 miles ESE. of Lemberg. Pop. 30,420, half Jews.


Tarnow (w as v), a cathedral city of Austrian Galicia, 50 miles E. of Cracow. Pop. 31,700.


Tar'porley, a Cheshire market-town, 10 miles ESE. of Chester. Pop. of urban dist. (1901) 2644.


Tarragona (anc. Tarraco), a Spanish seaport, the capital of a province on the Mediterranean, 60 miles W. of Barcelona by rail. Its Gothic cathedral dates from about 1120; and its Roman remains include an amphitheatre, a magnificent aqueduct, still used, 96 feet high and 700 feet long, and the Tower of the Scipios. Pop. 25,360.


Tarrasa, an industrial town of Spain, 22 miles NW. of Barcelona. Pop. 16,500.


Tarrytown (rhyming with carry), a village on the Hudson, 21 miles by rail N. of New York City. Close by Major Andre was captured in 1780; and at Sunnyside, 2 miles S., Washington Irving died, and is buried. Pop. 4770.


Tarshish, often referred to in Scripture, has been doubtfully identified with Tarsus, Tartessus in Spain, a place in S. Arabia, and Ophir (q.v.).


Tarsus, St Paul's birthplace, was capital of Cilicia, and a chief city of Asia Minor, on the Cydnus, 12 miles from the sea. Squalid modern Tarso or Tersus has a pop. of 20,000.


Tartary, a name once given to the whole central belt of Asia and eastern Europe, was loosely used, and was latterly limited to Turkestan (q.v.).


Tarudant, capital of the Moorish province of Sus, on the Sus River. Pop. 8500.


Tashkand, or Tashkent, the capital of Russian Turkestan, 300 miles NE. of Samarcand. It consists of an ancient walled city and a new European quarter, with the Russian citadel a little to the S. It is connected with the European system of telegraphs, and the rail-way from Samarcand was opened in 1904; its manufactures include silk, leather, felt goods, and coarse porcelain. Pop. 156,420, comprising 120,000 Sarts and 35,000 Russians. Once capital of a separate khanate, Tashkand was in 1810 conquered by Khokand, and since 1868 has been Russian.

Tasman Sea

Tasman Sea, the Admiralty name since 1891 for the sea between New Zealand, the islands NW. of New Zealand, and Australia and Tasmania.


Tassisu'don, the capital of Bhutan (q.v.).


Tatar-Bazardjik. See Bazardjik.