Tolima (Tolee'ma), a volcano of the Andes of Colombia (18,314 feet), gives name to a province.
Toluca, a town of Mexico, capital of Mexico state, and 45 miles by rail WSW. of Mexico city, lies in a valley nearly 8800 feet above the sea. It has a fine cathedral. Pop. 26,000. Near the town is the extinct volcano, Nevado de Toluca.
Tombigbee. See Alabama.
Tomnahu'rich. See Inverness.
Tomsk, a town of western Siberia, on the Tom, a tributary of the Obi, 2809 miles E. of St Petersburg, and on the great trading highway of Siberia. A university was established in 1888. Great part of the town was burned in 1890. Pop. 52,430. - The government of Tomsk extends to the Chinese frontier. Area, 331,159 sq. m.; pop. 1,975,000.
Tonbridge. See Tunbridge.
Tong'a. See Friendly Islands. - Tonga Bay is a small inlet of East Africa, bounded N. by Cape Delgado. Tongaland, or Amatongaland, is a state there under British suzerainty, between Zululand and the Portuguese frontier, and bordering on Swaziland; area, 5300 sq. m.; pop. 100,000.
Tongarri'ro (i as ee). See New Zealand.
Tongking. See Tonquin.
Tonk, a native state of Rajputaua (area, 1415 sq. m.; pop. 151,000), named from its capital, 60 miles south of Jeypore; pop. 39,000.
Tonquin, or Tonkin, since 1884 a French possession, is the north-east portion of the Indo-Chinese peninsula, bordering on China. The country is naturally a province of Annam (q.v.), which, however, is nominally a protected kingdom, whereas Tonquin is simply a French colony. The main feature is the Song-coi, or Red River (variously spelt Song-koi, Sang-koi, etc.), coming from Yunnan, and traversing the whole of Tonquin lengthwise. The area is 46,400 sq. m.; the pop. is estimated at 9,000,000. The capital is Hanoi (q.v.). The chief products are rice, silk, sugar, pepper, oil, cotton, tobacco, and fruits, with some copper and iron; and companies are now working coal and antimony mines near the chief port of Haiphong. The imports have a value of about £1,200,000 (one-third only from France), the exports of £(500,000 (only a small fraction to France). See works by C. R. Norman (1884) and J. G. Scott (1885).