Tokay, the centre of a wine-growing district in Hungary, 130 miles NE. of Pesth. Pop. 5500.


Tokushima, the largest town of Shikoku, Japan, on the NE. coast. Pop. 65,300.


Tolenti'no (i as ee), an episcopal city of Central Italy, 10 miles SW. of Macerata. Pop. 4888.


Tolima (Tolee'ma), a volcano of the Andes of Colombia (18,314 feet), gives name to a province.


Tolo'sa, a town in the northern Spanish province of Guipuzcoa, 15 miles S. of the seaport of San Sebastian by rail. Pop. 7239.


Toluca, a town of Mexico, capital of Mexico state, and 45 miles by rail WSW. of Mexico city, lies in a valley nearly 8800 feet above the sea. It has a fine cathedral. Pop. 26,000. Near the town is the extinct volcano, Nevado de Toluca.


Tombigbee. See Alabama.


Tomintoul' (ou as ow), a Banffshire village, near the Avon, 1100 feet above sea-level, and 14 1/2 miles S. of Ballindalloch station. Pop. 516.


Tomnahu'rich. See Inverness.


Tomsk, a town of western Siberia, on the Tom, a tributary of the Obi, 2809 miles E. of St Petersburg, and on the great trading highway of Siberia. A university was established in 1888. Great part of the town was burned in 1890. Pop. 52,430. - The government of Tomsk extends to the Chinese frontier. Area, 331,159 sq. m.; pop. 1,975,000.


Tonawanda, a town of New York, on the Niagara River and Erie Canal, 8 miles N. of Buffalo by rail. Pop. 7500.


Tonbridge. See Tunbridge.


Tong, a Shropshire parish, 3 miles E. of Shif-nal, with a collegiate church (1410), which figures in The Old Curiosity Shop. See a work by G. Griffiths (1894).


Tong'a. See Friendly Islands. - Tonga Bay is a small inlet of East Africa, bounded N. by Cape Delgado. Tongaland, or Amatongaland, is a state there under British suzerainty, between Zululand and the Portuguese frontier, and bordering on Swaziland; area, 5300 sq. m.; pop. 100,000.


Tongarri'ro (i as ee). See New Zealand.


Tongking. See Tonquin.


Tongres (Tongr), an episcopal city of Belgium, Limburg, 12 miles NW. of Liege. There is a mineral spring in the vicinity, mentioned by Pliny. Pop. 10,000.


Tonk, a native state of Rajputaua (area, 1415 sq. m.; pop. 151,000), named from its capital, 60 miles south of Jeypore; pop. 39,000.


Tonquin, or Tonkin, since 1884 a French possession, is the north-east portion of the Indo-Chinese peninsula, bordering on China. The country is naturally a province of Annam (q.v.), which, however, is nominally a protected kingdom, whereas Tonquin is simply a French colony. The main feature is the Song-coi, or Red River (variously spelt Song-koi, Sang-koi, etc.), coming from Yunnan, and traversing the whole of Tonquin lengthwise. The area is 46,400 sq. m.; the pop. is estimated at 9,000,000. The capital is Hanoi (q.v.). The chief products are rice, silk, sugar, pepper, oil, cotton, tobacco, and fruits, with some copper and iron; and companies are now working coal and antimony mines near the chief port of Haiphong. The imports have a value of about 1,200,000 (one-third only from France), the exports of (500,000 (only a small fraction to France). See works by C. R. Norman (1884) and J. G. Scott (1885).