Torridge, a Devon stream, flowing 37 miles to the Taw at Bideford Bay.


Torrington, Great, a market-town of North Devon, on an eminence sloping to the Torridge, 10 miles (by rail 14) SSW. of Barnstaple. A castle (1340) has disappeared; and the church, of which Wolsey and John Howe were incumbents, was rebuilt in 1651, its predecessor having been accidentally blown up with 200 prisoners, after Hopton's defeat here by Fairfax, February 16, 1646. Torrington was made a municipal borough by Queen Mary. Gloves are manufactured. Pop. 3250.


Torry, a Kincardineshire fishing-village, at the mouth of the Dee, opposite Aberdeen.


Torshok, a town of Russia, 310 miles SE. of St Petersburg by rail. Pop. 14,574.


Tor'tola. See Virgin Islands.


Torto'na, a town of Northern Italy, on a feeder of the Po, 13 miles E. of Alessandria. Pop. 7147.


Torto'sa, an old Spanish town, on the Ebro, 40 miles SW. of Tarragona by rail. Pop. 24,636.


Tortu'gas (u as oo; Span. 'turtles'), ten low keys or islets of Florida, at the Gulf of Mexico's entrance, 120 miles WSW. of Cape Sable.

Tory Island

Tory Island, a small island, 2 1/2 miles long, 9 miles off the north-west coast of Donegal, with a lighthouse, and a signal station (1890) connected by telegraph with Londonderry.


Tottenham, a northern suburb of London.


Toul (Toole), a town in the French dep. of Meurthe-et-Moselle, on the Moselle, 20 miles W. of Nancy. It has a former cathedral (965-1496), whose W. front, with towers 245 feet high, is one of the finest in France, an 18th-century hotel-de-ville, and manufactures of lace, hats, etc. The Tullum Leucorum of the Romans, Toul maintained a semi-independence till 1545; on 23d September 1870 surrendered to the Germans after bombardment; and since has been strongly fortified with a cordon of forts. Pop. (1872) 6584; (1901) 9030.


Toung-ngu (ng as in ringing), a town of Burma, 170 miles NE. of Rangoon by rail. Pop. 20,000.


Touraine (Toorayn'), an old French province, whose capital was Tours (q.v.), and which coincided with the dep. Indre-et-Loire and part of Vienne. See T. A. Cook's Old Touraine (1892).


Tourcoing (Toorlcwang), a frontier town of France, dep. Nord, 10 miles NE. of Lille. It manufactures cotton, wool, linen, and silk goods, beet-sugar, etc. Pop. 78,250.


Tournay (on as oo; Flemish Doornik), a Belgian town, on the Scheldt, 35 miles WSW. of Brussels. Its splendid Romanesque cathedral, 400 feet long, has live towers and pictures by Rubens; and there are also the churches of St Quentin and St Brice (with the grave of King Childeric), the belfry (1190), and a bronze statue (1803) of the Princess d'Epinoy, who in 15S1 valiantly defended Tournay against Parma. An ancient place, but modern in aspect, Tournay manufactures hosiery, linen, Brussels carpets, and porcelain. Pop. (1880) 32,566; (1900) 35,004. Tournay (anc. Tornacum or Turris Nervioram) was in the 5th c. the seat of the Merovingian kings. In 1526 it was included in the Spanish Netherlands.