Troy, the city of Priam, whose ten years' siege by the Greeks forms the theme of Homer's Iliad, has through Dr Schliemann's excavations (1870-82) been successfully identified with the mound of Hissarlik, in the Troad (Asia Minor), 2 miles from the Hellespont. See Schuchhardt's Schlie-mann's Excavations (Eng. trans., 1891).
Troy, capital of Rensselaer county, New York, on the east bank of the Hudson River, at the head of steamboat navigation, and 5 miles by rail above Albany, is built upon an alluvial plain 3 miles long and on the hills to the east (the southernmost known as Mount Ida). It has a marble court-house, the Troy Savings Bank building, including a fine music-hall, a high school, the Rensselaer polytechnic, and a R. C. seminary. Cotton, hosiery, paper, stoves, car-wheels, bells, engines, machinery, stoneware, etc. are manufactured, and there are foundries, breweries, distilleries, flour-mills, and a number of shirt and collar factories employing 8000 girls. Two bridges cross the Hudson to Watervliet (pop. 12,967). Troy was settled by the Dutch in 1659, and incorporated in 1816. Pop. (1850) 28,785; (1880) 56,747; (1900) 60,651.