Tyne, a northern English river, formed by the confluence of the North and South Tynes, a mile NW. of Hexham, and flowing 30 miles E. to the sea between Tynemouth and South Shields. The North Tyne, some of whose head-streams rise in Scotland, 11 miles SE. of Hawick, flows 32 miles S. and SE., and receives on the left the Reed Water. The South Tyne rises on Cross Fell, and flows 33 miles N. and E., receiving the Allen. The scenery of the two head-streams is beautiful, with a wealth of romantic and historical associations. The Tyne itself flows through the richest coal-mining region of Britain, and on its banks stand Corbridge, Ovingham, Newburn, Ryton, Blaydon, Newcastle and Gateshead, Walker, Jarrow, North and South Shields. Its chief affluents are the Derwent and Team. Navigable from Blaydon, 8 miles above Newcastle, from that city to the sea it is one continuous harbour. The salmon-fisheries have declined, but the shipbuilding maintains its importance. The multifarious manufactures carried on on Tyneside (which sadly defile the lower course) are indicated at Newcastle. It and North and South Shields are grouped together as the 'Tyne ports.' The Tyne is also famous among English rivers for its boat-racing. See works by Guthrie (1880) and Palmer (1881).