Tyrone (Ti-roan'; Tir-Eogain, 'Owen's country'), an inland county of Ulster, 48 miles long, with an average breadth of 28. Area, including part of Lough Neagh, 1260 sq. m. or 806,658 acres, of which 110,000 acres are barren mountain, 72,000 bog, 32,000 water, roads, etc. The surface in general is hilly, and often extremely picturesque; the highest point is Sawell (2236) in the NE. Except Lough Neagh, the numerous lakes are small. The rivers are the Foyle, Mourne, Blackwater, and Ballinderry. Between Dungannon and Stewartstown there is a small but rich coal-field; marble is quarried; and there are traces of iron, copper, and lead. The climate is moist, and the low lands are often flooded. The soil of the plain is a well-tilled fertile loam; that of the hilly districts, Bandy or gravelly; and there is much bog. There are manufactures of linens, coarse woollens, earthenware, whisky, and soap. The chief towns are Omagh (the capital), Strabane, Dungannon, Cookstown, and Aughnacloy; Clogher gives name to both R. C. and Protestant sees. The county has four parliamentary districts. Pop. (1841) 313,011; (1881) 197,719; (1901) 150,567 - 84,404 Catholics, 33,896 Episcopalians, and 29,656 Presbyterians.