Uganda (Oogan'da), a British protectorate in East Africa extending along the north-west shore of the Victoria Nyanza, first visited (1862) by Speke and Grant, and by Stanley called the 'Pearl of Africa.' It is partly mountainous, partly undulating, partly a plain, and very fertile on the whole and well wooded. The climate is mild (50° to 90° F.). The Waganda, about 3,000,000, are a brave and warlike people, speaking a Bantu language. At the request of King Mtesa, English Protestant missionaries settled here in 1877, and French Catholics followed in 1879. The Christians had much to suffer at the hands of Mtesa's son, King Mwanga, by whose orders Bishop Hannington was murdered in 1885. The presence of Arabs and Mohammedanism further complicated matters, and intestine struggles were not long in breaking out. Meanwhile the French priests obtained ascendency over the king, and in 1892 a war broke out between sections of the people calling themselves respectively Protestants and Catholics (the latter greatly in the majority). By the Anglo-German agreement of 1887 Uganda was recognised as within the British sphere. In 1894 a British protectorate was proclaimed; and since the treaties in 1899-1900 the protectorate includes all the countries between British East Africa, Congo Free State, Victoria and Albert Nyanzas. Its area is 120,000 sq. m., and the pop. is estimated at 4,000,000. Trade is being developed by the railway from Mombasa, which was opened to Victoria Nyanza in 1901. See, besides the travels of Stanley, etc., works by Felkin and Wilson (1881), A. M. Mackay (1S90), Casati (1891), Lugarcl (1893), Portal (1894), Gregory (1901), and Johnstone (1902).