Ulvrar. See Alwak.


Uman (Oo-man), a town of Russia, 120 miles S. of Kieff, on the Umanka. Pop. 28,630.


Umbal'la, or Amba'la, a city of the Punjab, 150 miles N. by W. of Delhi. The new part of the town has straight, wide roads, and a handsome church, club-house, and hotels. It is an important railway junction. The cantonment is 4 miles SE. Pop. (1901) 78,638.


Umbria, an ancient division of Italy, W. of Etruria, and N. of the country of the Sabines.


Umrit'sir. See Amritsar.


Unalash'ka. See Aleutian Islands.


Ungava, the Canadian district that includes most of Labrador (q.v.) peninsula.


Ungvar, a town of Hungary, on the Ungh, 325 miles NE. of Budapest. Pop. 14,730.


Union, a town of New Jersey, on the Hudson, opposite New York. Pop. 15,190.

Union Canal

Union Canal, constructed in 1818-22, extends 3l 1/2 miles W. from Edinburgh to the Forth and Clyde Canal, near Falkirk.

United Provinces

United Provinces. See Holland.


Unna (Oon'na), a Prussian town of Westphalia, 15 miles E. of Dortmund. Near by are the famous Konigsborn salt-works. Pop. 14,950.


Unst, an island in the extreme north of Shetland, 38 miles N. by E. of Lerwick. It is 12 1/2 miles long, 2 to 6 miles wide, 934 feet high, and 46 3/4 sq. m. in area. Pop. 1940.


Unterwalden (Oonterval'den), one of the four 'Forest Cantons' of Switzerland, forms part of the hill country round the Lake of Lucerne; area, 295 sq. m.; population, 30,000. It is divided into two parts, Upper and Lower; the capital of the Obwald is Sarnen, and of the Nidwald Stanz. See Sowerby's Forest Cantons (1892).


Unyanyem'be (u as oo), a district of German East Africa, between Tanganyika and the coast.


Unyo'ro (u as oo), a state of Central Africa between Uganda and the Albert Nyanza, with a pop. of 1,500,000, who are more uncultured than their neighbours and kinsmen of Uganda.


Uper'nivik. See Greenland.


Uphall, the parish containing Broxburn (q.v.).


Upholland, a Lancashire town, 4 miles W. of Wigan. Pop. 4773.


Upolu (Oo'poloo). See Samoa.


Uppingham, a market town of Rutland, 2 1/2 miles WNW. of Seaton by a branch-line (1894), 12 SW. of Stamford, and 83 NNW. of London. The parish church, of which Jeremy Taylor was rector, was mainly rebuilt in 1861; but the feature of Uppingham is its public school, founded in 1584 by Archdeacon Robert Johnson (1540-1625). With an endowment of only 1000 a year, it owes its development from a mere grammar-school to Edward Thring, its headmaster from 1853 to 1887. He found it with only 25 boarders, and, left it with 330; and to him was due the build-ing of the great schoolroom, chapel, gymnasium, swimming-bath, etc. Pop. 2559. See the Century Magazine for September 1888.


Upton-on-Severn, a Worcestershire town, 5 1/2 miles NNW. of Tewkesbury. Pop. 2220.


Ural (Ooral), 'a river of Russia, rises on the E. side of the Urals in Orenburg government, and runs 1450 miles SSW. to the Caspian, being practically the boundary between Europe and Asia. For the Ural Mountains, see Russia, p. 603.