Valencia (Span. pron. c as th), a seaport of Spain, on the Mediterranean, 200 miles SW. of Barcelona by rail. The picturesque walls, erected by Pedro IV. in 1356, were removed in 1871; and the recent houses are a striking contrast to those in the gloomy old town. The archiepiscopal cathedral, commenced in 1262, and 330 feet long, is classical within, and Gothic without. The university has a library of 42,000 vols., and there is a good picture-gallery. Silk-spinning and weaving are carried on, with manufactures of cloths, hats, glass, linen, leather, cigars, and Valencia tiles. Pop. (1877) 143,856; (1905)215,000. - Valentia, or Valencia del Cid, dating from the 2d century b.c, was destroyed by Pompey, taken by the Goths in 413, by the Moors in 715, and by the Cid in 1094. Suchet captured it in 1812. - The old kingdom of Valencia is subdivided into the three provinces of Valencia (area, 4152 sq. m. ; pop. 806,556), Alicante, and Castellon de la Plana.-(2) Valencia de Alcantara, a town, 250 miles WSW. of Madrid ; pop. 9250.


Valencia, capital of Carabobo state in Venezuela, close to the beautiful Lake of Tacarigua, 34 miles by rail S. of Puerto Cabello. Pop. 38,654.