Wald

Wald, a town of Rhenish Prussia, 7 miles SW. of Elberfeld, with ironworks. Pop. 19,600.

Waldeck

Waldeck (w as v), or Waldeck-Pyrmont, a small German principality controlled since 1867 by Prussia, consists of two parts, Waldeck, between Westphalia and Hesse-Nassau, and Pyr-mont, a patch between Lippe, Westphalia, Brunswick, and Hanover. The country is high-lying and poor. Total area, 438 sq. m.; pop. (1900) 57,918 - 8636 in Pyrmont. The capital is Arolsen (q.v.). Pyrmont, 15 miles E. of Detmold (pop. 1410), has famous mineral springs.

Waldenburg

Waldenburg, a town of Silesia, 43 miles SW. of Breslau. Pop. 16,300.

Walfish

Walfish. See Walvisch.

Walham Green

Walham Green, a district of Middlesex, 6 miles WSW. of St Paul's.

Walker

Walker, a town of Northumberland, on the Tyne, 3 miles E. of Newcastle. Pop. 14,500.

Walkerburn

Walkerburn, a Peeblesshire village, with woollen factories, on the Tweed, 1 3/4 mile E. by N. of Innerleithen. Pop. 1160.

Wallachia

Walla'chia. See Roumania.

Wallasey

Wallasey, a Cheshire township, 3 1/2 miles NNW. of Birkenhead.

Walla Walla

Walla Walla, capital of a county in Washington, on the Walla Walla River, 204 miles SSW. of Spokane Falls. Pop. 11,000.

Wallingford

Wallingford, a town of Berkshire, 15 miles NW. of Reading and 13 SSE. of Oxford, on the right bank of the Thames, which is crossed here by a bridge 300 yards long, built in 1809 at a cost of 14,000. It has Roman earthworks, a fragment of a Norman castle, which figured prominently in King Stephen's wars, and was taken by Fairfax and dismantled (1646); three - formerly thirteen - churches, in one of which Blackstone is buried; a grammar-school; a short branch-line; and a great July wool sale. A borough since Edward the Confessor's time, it returned two members till 1832, and then one till 1885. Pop. 2800. See works by Crofts (1870) and Hedges (2 vols. 1882).

Wallingford

Wallingford, a borough of Connecticut, on the Quinepiac River, 13 miles by rail NNE. of New Haven, with manufactories of buttons and Britannia and silver ware. Pop. 6738.

Wallsend

Wallsend', a town of Northumberland noted for its collieries, 4 miles NE. of Newcastle. It is named from its being at the end of Hadrian's Wall (q.v.); and many Roman relics have been found here. Pop. (1901) 20,918.

Walmer Castle

Walmer Castle, in Kent, 2 miles S. of Deal, is the official residence of the Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports (q.v.), and is a round-towered castle, built by Henry VIII. It was the favourite residence and the death-place of the Duke of Wellington; and its relics of him, of Pitt, and of other Lord Wardens were in 1892 secured to the nation by the son of the late Right Hon. W. H. Smith. The adjoining town of Walmer is a favourite watering-place, has barracks, and is a member of the Cinque Port of Sandwich. Pop. 5650. See Elvin's Records of Walmer (1894).

Walsham

Wal'sham, North, a market-town of Norfolk, 14 miles N. by E. of Norwich. It has a large Perpendicular church with a ruined tower, and a market-cross (rebuilt 1600). Pop. 4000.