Wemyss (Weemz; Gael. Uaimh, 'a cave'), a S. coast parish of Fife, 2 miles NE. of Dysart, containing the villages of East and West Wemyss, with pops. of 2550 and 1260.

Wemyss Bay

Wemyss Bay, a small Renfrewshire watering-place, on the Firth of Clyde, just N. of Skelmorlie, and 30 1/2 W. of Glasgow.


Wen-chow (Wan-chau), a Chinese treaty port in Cheh-kiang province. Pop. 80,000.


Wen'dover, a parish of Bucks, under the Chiltern Hills, 5 miles SE. of Aylesbury. It sent members to parliament till 1832. Pop. 2036.


Wener, Lake (Vayner), a lake of SW. Sweden, after Ladoga and Onega the largest in Europe. It is 93 miles long, 50 miles in greatest breadth, 300 feet in greatest depth, and 150 feet above sea-level; area, 2408 sq. m. From the NW. and S. shores, peninsulas project to within 15 miles of one another; the part SW. of this is called Dalbo Lake. There are many islands.

Wenham Lake

Wenham Lake, Massachusetts, 22 miles NNE. of Boston, yields large quantities of ice, as does another Wenham Lake (named after the American one) in Norway, at Drobak, near Christiania.


Wenlock, a municipal borough of Shropshire, extending over more than 50 sq. m., and comprising Much Wenlock, Broseley, Coalport, Madeley, Ironbridge, and Coalbrookdale. It was incorporated by Edward IV. in 1448, and till 1885 returned two members. Much Wenlock, under the NE. end of Wenlock Edge, 12 miles SE. of Shrewsbury, has a quaint guildhall (restored 1848), a market-hall (1879), a corn exchange (1852), a museum, and interesting remains of a Cluniac abbey. Pop. of borough (1861) 19,699; (1901) 15,866 - 2210 in Much Wenlock district.


Wensum, a Norfolk stream flowing 30 miles SE. to the Yare at Norwich.

Wentwood Forest

Wentwood Forest, Monmouthshire, 4 1/2 miles SSE. of Usk.

Wentworth Castle

Wentworth Castle, Yorkshire, the Went-worths' seat (1730-68), 3 miles SSW. of Barnsley.


Wentworth-Woodhouse, in the West Riding of Yorkshire, 4| miles NW. of Rotherham, the seat of Earl Fitzwilliam, as its predecessor was of his great ancestor, the Earl of Strafford.


Weobly (Web'ly), a town, till 1832 a parl. borough, 12 1/2 miles NW. of Hereford. Pop. 804.


Werdau (Vayr-dow), a Saxon cloth-making town, 45 miles S. of Leipzig. Pop. 19,665.


Werden, a town of Rhenish Prussia, on the Ruhr, 16 miles NE. of Dusseldorf. Pop. 9970.


Wernigerode (Vayr-neh-ge-ro'deh), a town of Prussia, at the N. foot of the Harz Mountains, 50 miles SW. of Magdeburg. Pop. 12,500.


Werwicque (Ver'veek), a Belgian town on the French frontier, with a 14th-c. church, and great tobacco manufacture. Pop. 9000.


Wesel (Vay'zel), a strongly fortified town of Prussia, at the Lippe's confluence with the Rhine, 35 miles NW. of Dusseldorf. Cloth, pottery, machinery, etc. are manufactured. Pop. 24,550.


Weser (Vay'zer), a river of Germany, formed at Munden by the Werra and Fulda, and flowing N. through Prussia, till, passing Bremen, it forms for 40 miles the boundary between Oldenburg and Prussia, and enters the North Sea by a wide but shallow estuary, after a course of 280 miles.