Wessex, the ancient kingdom of the West Saxons, comprising Berks, Hants, Wilts, Dorset, Somerset, Devon, and Cornwall. Mr Thomas Hardy, whose native county is Dorsetshire, has made the name once more familiar.
West Australia. See Western Australia.
West'bury, a market-town of Wiltshire, 16 1/2 miles SSE. of Bath and 25 NW. of Salisbury. Returning till 1832 two members, and then till 1885 one, it has lost its clothing industry, but has iron-smelting works. The fine church has memories of Walter Map and Mackonochie. Westbury White Horse, on the S. slope of West-bury Down (775 feet), is 175 feet long, and was restored in 1778 and 1853. It probably commemorates Alfred the Great's victory of Ethandun (Edington) in 878. Pop. of urban district, 8305.
West Calder. See Calder.
West Derby, a NW. suburb of Liverpool.
West Drayton. See Drayton.
Westerkirk, a Dmnfriesshire parish, 6 miles NW. of Langholm. Telford was a native.
Westfield, a town of Massachusetts, 9 miles by rail W. of Springfield. Pop. 12,310.
Westgate-on-Sea, a western extension of Mar. gate (q.v.), with an asylum for inebriates.
West Ham. See Ham, West.
West Hartlepool. See Hartlepool.
Westminster. See London, p. 424.
Weston-super-Mare (May'reh), a fashionable watering-place of Somerset, on the Bristol Channel, 20 miles SW. of Bristol. Grown from a fishing-village since 1805, it is sheltered by rocky, fir-clad Worle Hill (306 feet); commands a splendid view over to Wales; and has an esplanade (begun 1825) 3 miles long, a promenade pier (1867) 1040 feet long, the Prince Consort gardens, potteries, etc. Pop. (1901) 19,847.
West Point, the U.S. Military Academy, on the Hudson's right bank, 48 miles by rail N. of New York. Established in 1802, on the site of an older fort, it occupies a plateau 188 feet above the river, surrounded by the bold scenery of one of the finest river-passes in the world.
West Prussia. See Prussia.