Wy'naad, or Vayanad, a highland district in the Western Ghats, about 3000 feet above sea-level. Its auriferous quartz began to be worked as a gold-field about 1865, and absorbed in 1876-86 millions of British capital.
Wyoming Valley, a beautiful, fertile valley on the Susquehanna River, in north-eastern Pennsylvania, about 30 miles long by 5 wide. From 1754 on, its possession was disputed by Pennsylvanian and Connecticut settlers; Campbell's Gertrude of Wyoming recounts, not without mistakes, the bloody struggle on June 30-July 5, 1778, during the revolutionary war, against an invading force of 'Tories' and Seneca Indians. The valley is very rich in anthracite coal.
XALAPA. See Jalapa.
Xanthus (x as z), the capital of ancient Lycia, on the river Xanthus, 8 miles from its mouth. In 1838 Sir C. Fellows explored its remains.
Xeres, or (1) Jerez de la Frontera (Hay'reth de la Frontay'ra), the centre of the sherry trade of Spain, 14 (by rail 30) miles NE. of Cadiz, with a Moorish castle (Alcazar), and many large bodegas or wine-stores. The Asta Regia of the Romans, it owes its modern name to the Moors, who near by in a seven days' battle defeated Roderic, the last of the Goths, in 711. Pop. (1900) 60,850. - (2) Xerez de los Caballeros (Hayreth de los Cavalyay'ros), 40 miles S. of Badajoz, is a picturesque old town, once a seat of the Templars (hence the name). Pop. 10,100.
The. See Amsterdam, Zuider Zee. Yablon'ovoi, or Yablonoi, a ridge of mountains in NE. Asia, dividing the Amur basin from that of the Lena. Some peaks are 7000 feet high. Yair, the ancient seat of the Pringles, on the Tweed, 5 miles NNW. of Selkirk.
Yakutsk (u as oo), a town of Eastern Siberia, on a branch of the Lena, 4 miles from the main stream. Pop. 6800. - Area of Yakutsk government, 1,533,397 sq. m. (equal to four-fifths of European Russia); pop. 270,000.