Zetland. See Shetland.


Zettin'ye. See Cetinje.


Zeulenroda (Tzoilenro'da), a town of Reuss-Greiz, 51 miles SSW. of Leipzig. Pop. 8970.


Zeyla. See Somali-land.


Zeyst, or Zeist (Zist), a large Dutch village, 6 miles E. of Utrecht, with manufactures of soap, candles, porcelain-stoves, etc. Here was established in 1746 a still thriving society of Moravian Brethren. Pop. 8800.


Zhitomir', or Jitomir, the chief town of the Russian government of Volhynia, on a tributary of the Dnieper, 80 miles W. of Kieff. Pop. 66,782.


Zhob, a river of S. Afghanistan (or N. Beluchi-stan) which joins the Gomul NW. of the Suliman Mountains, and with it flows into the Indus near Dera Ismael Khan. There are valuable passes into Afghanistan both by the Gomul and the Zhob valleys - the latter of which was annexed by Britain in 1889.


Zidon. See Sidon.


Zierikzee (Zee-rik-zay'), chief town of the Dutch island of Schouwen (q. v.); pop. 7043.


Zillerthal (Tzil'lertahl), a Tyrolese valley watered by the Ziller, a tributary of the Inn, whose inhabitants are noted for their handsome figures and their admirable singing.


Zimbab'ye, or Zimbabwi, a notable ruin in Mashonaland, 15 miles SE. of Salisbury by road, and 3300 feet above sea-level, consists of a large elliptical building of unmortared masonry (280 feet long, with walls 35 feet high and 16 feet thick), believed by Bent and Hall to be the work of pre-Mohammedan Arabians, but by M'lver held to be native masonry not older than the 16th century. See works by Bent (1892), Hall (1902), and M'lver (1906).


Zimme. See Shan States.


Zirknitz, Lake (Tzeer'knitz; Slovenic Cirknica), in Carniola, is 20 miles SW. of Laibach and 1860 feet above sea-level. Its area and depth depend much on the rainfall, being sometimes 5 miles and 18 feet; but in some years it is dried up.


Zittau (Tzit'tow), a town of Saxony, on the Mandau, near its junction with the Neisse, 21 miles SSE. of Libau and 21 SSW. of Gorlitz. It stands in a district rich in lignite, and is also the centre of the linen and damask industry of Saxony, with manufactures of woollens, besides bleachfields, dye-works, and iron-foundries. Pop. (1875) 20,417; (1900) 30,930.


Zlatoust' (ou as oo), a town of Russia, on the navigable Ai, 198 miles NE. of Ufa by the great Siberian railway (1890). It has iron-foundries, and manufactures small-arms. Pop. 21,000.


Zmeinogorsk' (ei as i), a town of Siberia, 350 miles SW. of Tomsk, and near most productive silver-mines. Pop. 6000.


Znaim (Tznime), a town of Moravia, on the Thaya, 63 miles by rail N. by W. of Vienna, with earthenware manufactures. Pop. 16,254.


Zo'ar, one of the Biblical 'cities of the plain,' spared to shelter Lot when Sodom and the others were destroyed. Conder believes he can fix its site to the NE. of the Dead Sea.


Zo'ar, a village of Ohio, on the Tuscarawas River and Ohio Canal, 91 miles by rail S. of Cleveland. Here in 1853 was founded a German socialistic community. Pop. 300.