Zola

Zo'la, a town on the upper Benue (q.v.).

Zomba

Zomba. See Nyassa.

Zombor

Zombor (z as tz), a royal free town of Hungary, capital of the district of Bacs, 42 miles NE. of Essek by rail. Pop. 29,435.

Zorndorf

Zorndorf (z as tz), a Brandenburg village, 5 miles N. of Kustrin, where, on 25th August 1758, Frederick the Great defeated the Russians.

Zoutpansberg

Zoutpansberg ('salt-pan Mountain'), a ridge of mountains (3000-4000 feet) in the north-east of the Transvaal, which is a continuation of the Drakenberge (q.v.).

Zschopau

Zschopau (Tcho'pow), a town of Saxony, 15 miles SE. of Chemnitz by rail. Pop. 9869.

Zug

Zug (Tzoogh), the smallest of the Swiss cantons, with an area of 92 sq. m. and a pop. (1900) of 25,045 - German-speaking and Catholic - Zug, the picturesque mediaeval capital, lies at the NE. end of the Lake of Zug(8 3/4 x 2 1/2 miles; 1368 feet above the sea; 1320 deep), 24 1/4 miles S. of Zurich by rail. Eleven persons were killed here in July 1887 by the fall of thirty houses into the lake. Pop. 6470.

Zululand

Zululand, a British protectorate of 8900 sq. m. north of Natal, from which it is separated by the Tugela River, and extending to the coast at St Lucia Bay. It is well suited for agriculture and cattle raising; gold is worked; and silver, lead, copper, tin, asbestos, and coal are found. The protectorate is but a small part of the country (now largely absorbed in the Transvaal) ruled over by the warlike Zulus, a Kaffir tribe. War was declared between Britain and their chief Cetewayo in 1878, the chief features of which were the British disaster of Isandula (22d January 1879), the heroic defence of Rorke's Drift, and the British victory of Ulundi (4th July 1880). After difficulties with the Boers, what remained of Zululand was declared a British protectorate in 1887, and in 1898 it was made an integral part of Natal. See books by Jenkinson (1882), Miss Colenso (1885), Tyler (1892), and Gibson (1904).

Zumbo

Zumbo. See Zambesi.

Zungaria

Zunga'ria, or Dzungaria, a high mountain region of Chinese Tartary, between the Tianshan and the western Altai Mountains. Originally the country of the Zungars, a Kalmuck people, it is now inhabited by Dungans, Kalmucks, Chinese, and Kirghiz. It contains the sources of the Black Irtish and the IIi. See Kulja.

Zutphen

Zut'phen, a town in the Dutch province of Guelderland, on the Yssel, here joined by the Berkel, 18 miles NNE. of Arnhem by rail. Of buildings the chief are the Great Church (1103; restored 1857) and the 'Wijn Huis tower. At Rysselt, 3 miles N., is a boys' reformatory (1851). Zutphen has manufactures of paper, oil, leather, etc. It has been several times besieged; and in a skirmish on the field of Warnsfeld, to the E., Sir Philip Sidney received his death-wound, 2d October 1586. Pop. 18,400. Zuyder Zee. See Zuider Zee.

Zvenigorodka

Zvenigorod'ka, a Russian town 100 miles S. of Kieff; pop. 16,350.