Regarding the illustrations, I have thought it more useful to give details large enough to be clearly seen, rather than to contract too much surface into a space where it cannot well be studied. Portions of subjects are therefore often preferred to general views of a whole. The outlines of artistic value, such as contours of faces or figures, are left quite untouched, as an outline cannot be taken seriously which is dependent on the block-maker clearing a white or black ground. This latter treatment, unfortunately, puts out of artistic use many of the lavishly spaced plates of the Cairo Catalogue, where art is subjected to bibliophily. The liberal policy of all publications and photographs of the Cairo Museum being free of copyright, has enabled me to use many of the excellent untouched photographs of Brugsch Pasha and others. My best thanks are due to Freiherr von Bissing and the publisher of his Denkmaeler Aegypt. Sculptur, for permission to use figures 39, 44, 46, 48, 62, 111, and 112 from that work. Over a third of the illustrations here are from my own photographs not yet published, and principally taken for this volume.

W. M. F. P.

Period.

Dynasty.

Names.

B.C.

Prehistoric.

8000 - 5500

Early kings.

L

Narmer, Mena, Zer,

55OO - 54OO

II.

Khasekhem ......................

50OO

III.

Zeser, Senoferu,

4900 - 4700

Pyramid age: Old Kingdom.

IV.

Khufu, Khafra, Menkaura,

47OO - 45OO

V.

Noferarkara, Unas,

440O - 42OO

VI.

Pepy II, .........................

41OO - 4Ooo

IX.

Khety ..............................

3800

XI.

Antef V,.....

3500

Middle Kingdom.

XII.

Senusert I, Senusert II, Sen-usert III,

34OO - 33OO

Amenemhat III, .

3300 - 3259

XIII.

Hor,.....

3200

New Kingdom.

XVIII.

Aahmes, Queens Aah-hotep, Aahmes,

1587 - 1562

Tahutmes I, Tahutmes II, Hat shepsut,

1541 -1481

Tahutmes III, Amenhotep II, Ta hutmes IV,

1481 - 1414

Amenhotep III, Akhenaten, Tut ankhamen,

1414 - 1344

XIX.

Sety I, Ramessu II, Merenptah,

1326 - 1214

Sety II, Tausert, .

1214 - 1203

XX.

Ramessu III, IV, XII, .

1202 - 1129

XXI.

Isiemkheb ..........................

1050

XXII.

Shishak kings,

952 - 749

XXIII.

Pedubast, Pefaabast,

755 - 725

Ethiopian.

XXV.

Amenardys, Taharqa, Tanutamen

720 - 664

Saite.

XXVI.

Aahmes II, .................................

570 - 526

xxx.

Nekhthorheb (Nectanebo), .

378 - 361

Ptolemies.

Cleopatra Cocce, .

130 - 106

Romans.

30 - A.D. 640

• •

Vlll