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How To Make Common Things For Boys | by John A. Bower



In these days all young people want "to make something." In most of our Public Schools, and in very many of our Elementary Schools, the importance of "tool-work" has been recognized, and workshops are now fitted up and put at the service of those who delight in "making things." In some of our technical departments provision is even made for doing metal-work. This little book is not intended for those who have such a complete set of tools as is provided under these circumstances, or who have a personal instructor in handicrafts, but for those who have the "desire and will" to do something by themselves without any elaborate appliances...

TitleHow To Make Common Things. For Boys
AuthorJohn A. Bower
PublisherE. & J. B. Young & Co.
Year1895
Copyright1895, E. & J. B. Young & Co.
AmazonHow to Make Common Things

By John A. Bower, Author Of "Science Of Every-Day Life," "Science Applied To Work," "Simple Experiments," Etc.

With Illustrations. Third Edition.

-Chapter I. Introduction
In these days all young people want to make something. In most of our Public Schools, and in very many of our Elementary Schools, the importance of tool-work has been recognized, and workshops are...
-How To Make A Hat-Rail, Etc
To begin with a very simple but a useful article - a hat-rail. Take a length of wood about inch thick, and saw off about 4 feet of it. To do this, mark off the distance by taking a rule - a two-foot...
-Chapter II. How To Make A Box And Fit It
We have an idea that when you are able to make a box, it will help you to make several other things that are made much in the same way; such as cupboards, cabinets, and articles that can be fitted up ...
-How To Make A Box And Fit It. Continued
Fig. 9. - Guage. Fig. 10. - Gimlet. Now remove the tray and have a try at putting on the lock. Mark out its place near the centre of the front portion of the box; cut carefully away wi...
-How To Make A Pair Of Stilts
Boys are often fond of stilt-walking as well as carpentering. It may not therefore be out of place to give a ready means of making a pair of stilts. English boys go in for this as a matter of amusemen...
-Chapter III. How To Make A Set Of Shelves For Books Or Other Objects
First, we think it better to give instruction for a definite object: we will therefore take a very simple set of book-shelves, three feet wide and with three shelves. The first thing is to get your...
-How To Make A Set Of Shelves For Books Or Other Objects. Continued
You are now in a position to make a cupboard and book-shelves combined. The wood for this purpose must be somewhat heavier or stouter, because it is to be larger. Supposing you wish to buy your wood p...
-Chapter IV. Making Of Several Forms Of Joint
The successful making of joints requires great care and accuracy in the use of tools, and it requires patience. We hope therefore you will not be content always with putting together the various artic...
-Making Of Several Forms Of Joint. Continued
Fig. 32. - Marking and Sawing. Fig. 33-Fitting. A joint such as this is useful in making a doorframe, or any frame where a beam has to rest firmly on upright posts. In sawing...
-Chapter V. How To Do Outside Woodwork
We will first suppose that you have a garden. The edging of the garden-beds is frequently a matter that has to be decided on. Tiles are heavy, brittle, and expensive; box-edging always requires clippi...
-How To Make A Swing
You may like to add a swing to your garden amusements. To put one up is rather heavy work, but with the help of a companion you may be able to manage it without a great outlay, and it will give a good...
-How To Build A Summer-House With Table And Seats
A rustic summer-house is a structure we have frequently been asked about. How is it to be done? How shall we set about it? - and the like questions. Suppose we now give a few particulars that will hel...
-Chapter VI. Outdoor Buildings And Structures
In giving instructions in wood-work, the objects upon which you can exercise your skill and ingenuity seem to increase rather than decrease. We must therefore make this a chapter of general instructio...
-How To Make A Carpenters Stool
You will, for heavy work and for sawing wood, often require a substantial support for your work. Fig. 63. - Carpenter's Stool. This you will have if you make yourself a carpenter's stool, o...
-How To Make A Set Of Steps
In Fig. 64 we show such a set as we propose that you should make. The sides may be 3 feet or 6 feet in length, and about 5 inches wide, and 1 inch thick. The bottom ends must be so cut that when stand...
-How To Make A Short Ladder
Get a tapering pole 10 or 12 feet in length; bore holes through it at intervals of 8 inches or 9 inches, about 7/8 inch in diameter. Now let the pole be ripped down the centre, and prepare as many spo...
-How To Make A Door
Doors are of two kinds - ledged and panelled. The former is less difficult to make than the latter; in fact it requires more skill to make the latter kind of door than you would well acquire, so we wi...
-How To Make Fencing
An easy method of making a light fence is by open lattice-work nailed to rails supported on posts at intervals, the length of which must be determined by the height and weight of the fence. The posts ...
-Chapter VII. Indoor Work
In this chapter we propose to give a few directions for making smaller objects, including models. Such work is better adapted for winter evenings, when you can sit indoors and work, and at the same ti...
-Building Bricks
Another very interesting set of toys you can make for the younger members of your family, is a set of building bricks and blocks. For this purpose, plane up several lengths of wood, inch by inch, a...
-How To Make A Reading-Desk Or Music-Stand
For this purpose you require some strips of wood about 1 inch wide, and 1/8 of an inch in thickness. These you can cut for yourself by ripping up some thicker wood into inch thicknesses, and of the ...
-How to Make Box For Window Gardening
Zinc troughs make the most durable boxes for the cultivation of plants in window gardening, but flowers are frequently cultivated in boxes made of wood, and to make one of these we now give directions...
-How To Make A Pen-Tray
Take a thin slip of wood, from 8 to 10 inches long, and about one-fourth as wide; plane it up as smooth as you can. Now put a slip of wood round the edge for a rim, about 1/8 of an inch wide, and of t...
-How To Make A Paper-Knife
Take for this a nice slip of cedar wood, or white pine, suppose we say 9 inches long and 1 inch wide, about the thickness of the wood in the cigar-boxes mentioned - in fact a slip taken from the lid o...
-How To Make A Book-Slide
Cut two ends from pieces of 3/8 inch stuff, about 5 inches wide and 6 inches high. Trace on one of the pieces the shape you intend these ends to have. Suppose it is like that in Fig. 77. Then place th...
-How To Make Stands For Flower-Pots
A very simple yet useful stand may be formed. from slips of wood inch thick, from 6 to 8 inches long, and 2 to 3 inches wide, mounted on blocks at each end, as in Fig. 78. The blocks must be nailed...
-How To Make Trays
For this purpose you must be careful in selecting your wood. It should be as wide as the required tray without joining. Plane it up very smooth, and put a rim round made by slips of wood standing abou...
-How To Make Brackets
Corner brackets are variously made. Some are merely pieces of wood cut as a shelf to fit a coiner, with or without more support than nails driven into the wall, or lugs screwed to the shelf, and nails...
-Artistic Treatment Of Woodwork
In the method of ornamenting wood-work already given, you have durability with simplicity. With a little skill and care, another method can be adopted, and will help you to ornament brackets, panels, ...
-Wood Carving
Every boy has done a bit of wood carving, but probably it has been with his knife. He never pays a visit to a strange place but he must cut his initials into a tree, or a door, or post; and our public...
-Inlaid Patterns
You can manage the inlaying of simple geometrical patterns, and find it even easier than carving. First, the patterns must be cut out into a hollow, not more however than from 1/16th to 1/8th of an in...
-Fretwork
This is a very pretty and useful kind of ornamental work, and it is frequently combined with carving, as in the bracket Fig. 88. The tools for fretwork specially are not many, nor are they expensive. ...
-Chapter IX. How To Make Picture-Frames
Tills is a lighter kind of work, but requires great care and neatness in cutting your wood, so that the corners of the frame fit well; and you must have some practice at this on ordinary plain wood be...
-How To Make Picture-Frames. Continued
Having succeeded thus far, the pieces must be put together. For this purpose be very careful to have your glue clear and thin. While this is preparing, fix one of the long lengths into your vice, cove...
-How To Bind Books And Music
We are not going to make bookbinders of you; but it is useful to be able to put magazine numbers together, and music; and we think a few plain directions are not out of place in this book, and also th...
-Chapter X. How To Make Models
With some of you who take this book in hand, model-making may be a very favourite kind of work. For this purpose you will be glad to press into service, wood, cork, cardboard, wire; in fact, all ki...
-How To Make Models. Part 2
Fig. 96 - Model of Lighthouse. a. Turned block for shaft; b. shaft mounted on rock; c. lantern of Lighthouse. Now you want to construct an imitation rock on which to stand the lighthouse....
-How To Make Models. Part 3
We propose, therefore, to take such light metal work that can be done without brazing, drilling, or riveting - and which can be done as much as possible with your carpentering tools. The first class o...
-How To Make A Support For A Flower-Pot Or A Flower-Stand
Design three or four uprights, or make a copy of Fig. 116. Bind the upper part to rings the shape of any flower-vase you wish to form the top of your ornament; then as the stem of this must be stronge...
-How To Make A Fire-Screen
Make a frame of any size you decide, on, of the stouter iron; turn up a set of scrolls for the feet, as in Fig. 122 - two sets for each end - then fill in the frame with a scroll design, or a, design ...
-Repousse Work
This is a metal work, of quite another kind ; and instead of working with strips of metal, and that metal iron, you work by embossing your design in metal, which is generally sheet-brass, sometimes sh...
-Wire-Working
Various designs may be worked out in wire. You can for this purpose use copper, phosphor-bronze, and galvanized iron wire. Among the most ornamental objects, perhaps, are hanging flower-baskets. First...
-Methods Of Soldering
Without some hints on soldering, this chapter would not be complete. It is a very useful qualification for boys; if they aim at being handy boys, they will most likely become handy men. Suppose...
-Chapter XII. How To Make Simple Apparatus For Chemical Experiments
Most of our readers have learnt something of science at school, or at the evening classes in connection with their school or recreative classes. Chemistry is the science generally taken first, beca...
-How To Make Simple Apparatus For Chemical Experiments. Part 2
Fig. 132. When you have put in your mixture, from which you intend getting the gas, do not heat your tube intensely at one spot at first, but move it through the flame so that it gets generall...
-How To Make Simple Apparatus For Chemical Experiments. Part 3
Fig. 134. Now contrive a jet for burning hydrogen from the bottle, Fig. 133, by removing the delivery-tube, and fitting to it a tube bent twice at right angles, as shown in Fig. 136. Draw out the j...
-Chapter XIII. How To Copy A Medal Or A Cast
We often see medals and casts of rare and interesting objects, copies of which we like to have by us. To obtain these is not an expensive process; it only requires patience and care. We propose theref...
-How To Copy A Medal Or A Cast. Continued
From copper, bronze, or other metals, gutta-percha moulds may be taken. They are durable, elastic, and easily managed. The gutta-percha must be boiled; then it is so soft that it can be moulded into a...
-Chapter XIV. How To Make Some Useful Electrical Appliances
We have selected this branch of experimental science because it is very popular. Useful and various objects for experiments are easily made. First of all you must have a battery. Batteries are so c...
-How To Make A Galvanometer
To detect what is called an electric current from a cell, you must have a galvanometer, a simple form of which we will now give you directions for making. First plane up a piece of wood 4 inches sq...
-How To Make An Electro-Magnet
You know what an electro-magnet is? It is a piece of iron that becomes a magnet only when it has what is called an electric current passing through an insulated wire surrounding it. As soon as the cur...
-Electrotyping
Now you have a battery, you have a better chance of doing larger specimens of medals than in the apparatus described in the last chapter. Your battery and typing vessels are distinct. For small object...
-How To Do Silver-Plating
We do not give you this on the score of cheapness for large articles, but plating on a small scale is a good experiment in electrolysis, which follows well on electrotyping. You use the same batter...
-How To Make A Needle Telegraph
A needle telegraph is merely a galvanometer with the needles vertically arranged, and a key to reverse the electric current. You have already found out with your galvanometer that with a current of el...
-Glossary
Explaining The Terms Used In The Text architrave - au ornamental top moulding. bevel, a - an oblique or rounded edge. bevel, to - to take off the right-angled edge. brads - small sharp nai...
-Publications Of The Society For Promoting Christian Knowledge
s. 4 A. LITTLE CAPTIVE MAID. With Three page Illustrations. Crown 8vo............................Cloth boards 1 6 ...
-The People's Library
Crown 8vo, Cloth boards, One Shilling each. A CHAPTER OF SCIENCE; or, What is a Law of Nature? Six Lectures to Working Men, By Professor J. Stuart, M.P. [A Merits of lectures in which the meanin...
-The Penny Library Of Fiction
Each Story is complete in itself, and consists of 32 pages, demy 8vo, double columns ; with pictorial wrapper, price 1d. By G. Manville Fenn. IN MARINE ARMOUR. IN MID-AIR. LORD JOHN. ST...









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previous page: Mission Furniture: How To Make It | by Henry Haven Windsor
  
page up: Popular Mechanics Books
  
next page: Things To Make In Your Home Workshop | by Arthur Wakeling