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Smith's Family Physician | by William Henry Smith



Comprising The Nature, Causes, Symptoms And Treatment Of Diseases; With Instructions For Nursing The Sick; List Of Poisons: Animal, Vegetable And Mineral; With Symptoms Of Poisoning, And The Best Remedies And Treatment; Copious Tables Of Prescriptions; Explanations Of Scientific Terms, etc., Compiled From The Latest And Best Authorities, English, American And Foreign.

TitleSmith's Family Physician
AuthorWilliam Henry Smith
PublisherJohn Lovell
Year1873
Copyright1873, William Henry Smith
AmazonNatural Physician's Healing Therapies: Proven Remedies that Medical Doctors Don't Know
Smith's Family Physician

By W. H. Smith, Author Of "Canada: Past, Present And Future."

Late Surgeon to the Emigrant Ship "Amazon;" Pupil of the late Mr. Guthrie, (President of the Royal College of Surgeons, England;) and also of the late Sir David Barry, (the Physician sent to Russia by the British Government to investigate the Nature of Cholera.)

Verified By Many Years' Experience.

-Preface
Mens sana in corpore sano In preparing a new work, as a guide to health, I have been influenced mainly by the conviction that such a work was very much required. Having travelled considerably d...
-A Few Hints To The Reader
In making up, or in getting made up, prescriptions ordered in this book, recollect that the good effects thereof must depend, in the first place, upon the quality of the drugs, and secondly, upon thei...
-Smith's Family Physician. Useful Medicines To Keep In The House
I think it advisable to furnish the subscribers to this work with a list of such preparations as every family should keep in the house; they may be obtained from any respectable druggist, at small cos...
-On The Management Of The Sick-Room
Nursing is half the battle No truer remark than this, regarding the treatment of the sick, was ever uttered. Vain are the care and attention of the physician, wasted his knowledge and skill, if his ...
-Causes Of Disease
Health consists in a natural and proper condition and proportion in the functions and structures of the several parts of which the body is composed. The standard of health is not, however, the same in...
-Causes Of Disease. Part 2
Disease Already Existing In The Body For instance, tubercles and other tumours, structural lesions of the heart and other organs, often induce irritations or obstructions of blood-vessels, which, i...
-Causes Of Disease. Part 3
Other Causes Of Disease Amongst other causes of disease may be mentioned excessive use of intoxicating liquors, and the consumption of adulterated and unwholesome food. The most disastrous conseque...
-Influence Of Temperature And Ventilation On Health
It is impossible to over-estimate the importance of the influence exercised on the human system by the temperature of the climate in which we live, both in and out of doors, and by the ventilation and...
-Drainage
This is a point on which many people are terribly careless. Not only are many otherwise well-built and handsome-looking houses placed in situations naturally unhealthy from a difficulty in draining th...
-Influence Of Sleep
Different people require different amounts of sleep; the more the brain and the muscles are exercised during the day, the more sleep is required. It is a curious circumstance that the lions, tigers, h...
-Influence Of Food
It may be asked by some-what constitutes food? Which question may be answered by asking another, what substance is there, animal or vegetable, that has not at some time or other, or by some one been u...
-Influence Of Food. Continued
Food may be excessive or deficient in quantity. The quantity that should be taken must depend upon the quantity required, and that must depend upon the amount of bodily exertion and quantity of food n...
-Influence Of Air And Exercise
No one can be long healthy, if deprived of fresh air and sufficient exercise; the term sufficient, however, must be regulated by the health, habits and nature of the individual. Some persons have been...
-Influence Of Clothing
In a climate like Canada, where the changes of temperature are not only very frequent, but also very great, too much attention cannot be paid to keeping the body properly clothed, particularly in spri...
-Diseases Of Children
Much of the sickness of infants is traceable to improper diet in the mother. Many women are fond of pickles, vinegar, and sour fruit, and many also accustom themselves to live too much on salt meat. T...
-Thrush, Or Infant's Sore Mouth
It frequently makes its appearance when the child is only a few weeks old. When first noticed, it usually appears in little sore or whitish spots about the corners of the mouth, or inside of the lower...
-Teething
Some children cut their teeth easily; most of them, however, sutler more or less during that operation. The child becomes fretful, feverish, often screams with pain, and is frequently sleepless at nig...
-Vaccine, Or Cow-Pox
Possibly hardly any discovery has ever been made of so much benefit to the human race, as that Cow-Pox was a protection against the contagion of Small-Pox. When we consider that Small-Pox has always b...
-Chicken-Pox
Chicken-Pox is a contagious eruptive disease, which usually commences with a slight fever, frequent headache, and occasional vomiting. Sometimes the fever is so slight as to escape notice, and sometim...
-Infantile Cholera, Or Summer Complaint Of Children
This complaint, as its name implies, usually commences with the heats of summer. It affects children between the ages of three months and two years, though sometimes it occurs a good deal later. It is...
-Convulsions. - (Infantile.)
Convulsions in children may either occur as a consequence of other diseases, or they may come on suddenly, without any warning. The voluntary muscles of all parts of the body may be affected, or the s...
-Infantile Pneumonia. (Inflammation Of The Lungs.)
In this disease, the symptoms at first are somewhat obscure. Children seldom expectorate, or at least they are apt to swallow what they raise from the lungs, so that the secretions are not brought to ...
-Infantile Spasms Of The Glottis. (Crowing Disease; Inward Fits; Spasmodic Croup.)
The disease, though similar to croup in some of its symptoms, is essentially distinct in the circumstance that it is purely nervous, and altogether independent of vascular irritation or inflammation o...
-Water On The Brain. - (Hydrocephalus.)
The prominent symptom, and the first usually noticed in this disease,, is an enlargement of the head. As the face is in general not enlarged beyond the size of health, the additional size of the foreh...
-Croup
This is a complaint usually attended with much danger, and which requires such prompt treatment that the parents should never-unless from circumstances absolutely compelled-depend upon their own skill...
-Infantile Remittent Fever
Children, from two to eight years old, are most liable to this complaint. Sometimes it is occasioned by improper diet, sometimes by exposure to heat, cold, or damp. It generally comes on with a little...
-Whooping Cough
Whooping cough, sometimes called chin cough, when well established, cannot readily be mistaken. The force of the disease varies much, even in its simplest form. In some instances, it is so slight that...
-Worms
Five species of worms inhabit the human bowels-the round worm, the thread worm, the long thread worm, the common tape worm, and the broad tape worm. The round worm very much resembles the common ea...
-Worms. Part 2
To prevent a reproduction of the worms, when the canal is once cleared of them, it is necessary to attend to the food and drink of the patient, and, if the digestion is feeble, to assist it by means o...
-Worms. Part 3
A new remedy for tape worm, called Kousso, was introduced into Europe from Abyssinia, in the year 1850; which is said to have been more successful in its operation generally than Turpentine, and not s...
-Measles
This is a contagious disease, characterised usually by fever, cough, and a rash upon the skin. The disease commences with feelings of lassitude, chilliness, aching in the limbs, followed by a frequent...
-Scarlet Fever
Scarlet Fever was long confounded with Measles, and, even when found to be a distinct disease, was believed to be merely a variety of Measles. Dr. Withering has the credit amongst British physicians o...
-Nettle Rash
This is a non-contagious affection, called the Nettle Bash, from the reddish patches of swelling which mark the disease, resembling those produced by the sting of nettles. There is usually a state of ...
-Ringworm
This is an eruptive disease, which is found occasionally on the face, neck, arms or shoulders, but most frequently on the head. The disease usually occurs in circular patches which appear to increase ...
-Scald Head
The eruption appears much more frequently on the scalp than elsewhere; but it occasionally appears also on other parts of the body, as the face, neck, limbs, etc, to which it is probably generally tra...
-Incontinence Of Urine
Involuntary discharges of urine at night is a frequent and very disagreeable affection; it is most common in young children, and is apt to cease at or before puberty, but is occasionally prolonged to ...
-Greensickness, (Chlorosis.)
This is a complaint chiefly affecting girls, and occasionally young married women. The skin, lips, tongue and mucous surfaces generally are pale, and the whole surface of the body appears bloodless. S...
-St. Vitus's Dance, (Chorea Sancti Viti.)
In this disease, there are involuntary muscular contractions without loss of consciousness, and without a complete loss of the power of the will. The contractions are somewhat peculiar, not being rigi...
-Purpura
This, when severe, is a very ugly-looking complaint. The body is frequently covered with spots and patches of a dark purple colour,-whence its name,-and it evidently arises from a sluggish and disorde...
-Mumps
Mumps usually begins with a feeling of stiffness about the joint of the jaws, which is followed by pain, heat and swelling beneath the ear, but with little or no redness of the skin. The swelling rapi...
-Diseases Of All Ages. Itch
This is a contagious disease. All parts of the body are liable to be affected, except the face and head, which are scarcely ever, if ever attacked. The parts usually affected are those where the skin ...
-Neukalgia, (Tic Douloureux.)
This title was formerly applied only to nervous pains in the face and head, but is now used to designate nervous pains in any part of the body. The pain is of every possible degree and variety of char...
-Headache
Headache is of different kinds; as the sick headache, nervous headache, bilious headache, etc. Sometimes it is confined to one spot, and a patient will complain of its feeling like a sharp point drive...
-Catalepsy
In this disease there is a loss of consciousness, with a peculiar rigidity of the muscles, causing the body and the limbs to retain the position in which they may have been at the moment of attack, or...
-Cramp
Cramp affects all the muscles, exterior and interior, voluntary and involuntary. Sometimes it is a mere symptom of disturbance of the system, or attendant on other affections, as Dyspepsia, Cholera, C...
-Apoplexy And Paralysis
The term Apoplexy is derived from a Greek word, signifying a stroke or blow; and thus an attack of apoplexy is commonly called an apoplectic stroke. It is commonly caused by an effusion of blood into ...
-Apoplexy And Paralysis. Continued
There is one circumstance which is so exceedingly frequent as to form a law-perhaps the most general of any in medicine-that paralysis occurs on the side of the body opposite to that on which the effu...
-Pimpled And Blotched Face (Acne.)
This, in its simple form, is a complaint more unsightly and annoying than serious. It mostly affects young persons between the ages of 15 and 30 or 35. It is common to both sexes, but is usually most ...
-Rheumatism
The general symptoms of Rheumatism are so well known as to need little description. Rheumatic cases are usually divided into acute Rheumatism or Rheumatic Fever, and Chronic Rheumatism. The latter, wh...
-Asthma
Asthma is a spasmodic affection of the lungs, which comes on by paroxysms, most generally at night, and is attended by a frequent, difficult and short respiration, together with a wheezing noise, tigh...
-Indigestion, Or Dyspepsia
This complaint is mostly met with in persons of mature years, and is usually the result of irregularity of living, improper diet, or insufficient exercise. Intense study, the neglect of due exercis...
-Colic
Colic is a painful distension of the whole of the lower portion of the belly, with a sensation of twisting round the navel, accompanied by griping pains, and often attended with vomiting, costive-ness...
-Dry Belly-Ache, Or Painter's Colic
Obstinate costiveness, with a vomiting of acrid bile, pains about, the region of the navel, and shooting from thence to each side with great violence, strong convulsive spasms in the intestines and ab...
-Cholera Morbus, Or Vomiting And Purglng
Frequent and violent discharges of bilious matter, both upwards and downwards, with painful gripings, constitute the disease called Cholera Morbus. In warm climates it is met with at all seasons of...
-Diarrhcea, Or Looseness
Diarrhcea consists in frequent and copious discharges of feculent matter by stool, accompanied by griping, and often at first with a slight degree of vomiting, but unattended either by inflammation, f...
-Dysentery
Dysentery is a disease in which there is an inflammation of the mucous or lining membrane of the bowels, accompanied by frequent stools, severe griping pains, soreness and smarting at the fundament, a...
-Costiveness
Persons engaged in sedentary occupations are peculiarly liable to this complaint. Costiveness is frequently occasioned by neglecting the usual time of going to stool, by an extraordinary heat of the b...
-Piles
Piles consist of small tumours situated on the verge of the anus, or fundament, which are sometimes separate, round and prominent; but sometimes the tumour consists of an enlargement of the whole of t...
-Pyrosis, Or Water-Brash
This disease is known by the patient being troubled with eructations, which bring up a considerable quantity of thin, watery, or glairy fluid; there is also pain in the stomach. It principally atta...
-Chilblains
Chilblains are painful inflammatory swellings, of a deep purple or leaden colour, to which the fingers, toes, heels, and other extreme parts of the body, are subject on being exposed to a certain degr...
-Frost Bites
These are too well known in this country to need much description. From long exposure to an intense degree of cold, or even a shorter exposure to a less degree of cold, provided a strong wind is blowi...
-Scalds And Burns
In almost all cases of scalds and burns, there arises, soon after the infliction of the injury, a sense of coldness amounting to shivering. This commonly soon goes off, and the symptoms of inflammator...
-Shingles
This is an eruptive disease, not contagious; it consists of a collection of vesicles or pimples, extending sometimes half round and sometimes completely round the waist, like a belt, from whence its n...
-Scrofula
Scrofula shows itself in hard, indolent tumours of the glands in various parts of the body; but particularly in the neck, behind the ears, and under the chin, which, after a time, suppurate, and degen...
-Cough, Cold, Catarrh, Influenza
A Catarrh consists in an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose, throat, and bronchial tubes, accompanied usually with sneezing, a redness and watering of the eyes, hoarseness, and a sense of...
-Night-Make
Night-mare will sometimes attack the healthiest person when any indigestible food happens to be in his stomach during sleep; but a peculiar habit of body is necessary to render a person liable to it. ...
-Hiccup
Hiccups are spasmodic affections of the stomach and diaphram, (midriff,) arising from some peculiar irritation, and frequently without any apparent cause; coming on suddenly, continuing for a few minu...
-Hypochondriasis
This disease, known likewise by the name of low spirits, or the vapours, is a certain state of the mind along with indigestion, in which the greatest evils are apprehended upon the slightest grounds, ...
-Epilepsy
This disease attacks the patient by fits or paroxysms, which, after a certain time, go off, leaving him most commonly in his usual state; but sometimes a considerable degree of stupor and weakness rem...
-Epilepsy. Continued
Treatment This must vary, according to the cause of the disease. If it arises from worms, the treatment recommended under that head must be employed: if from teething, the gums must be lanced, th...
-Gravel And Stone
One of the most common diseases of the kidneys is the formation of gravelly matter in them, which is either voided in small particles, or becomes concreted into stones of various sizes. The four princ...
-Gravel And Stone. Continued
A fit of the Gravel may sometimes be mistaken for Lumbago; but it may be distinguished by the nausea, by the change in the urine, and the pain continuing unaltered by any variation in the posture of t...
-Gout
This is one of the diseases which are considered hereditary, or descending from father to son; although, if the son lives abstemiously, it may perhaps pass him over altogether and attack a grandson. ...
-Inflammations
A great majority says Watson of all the disorders to which the human frame is liable, begin with inflammation, or end in inflammation, or are accompanied by inflammation during some part of their c...
-Erysipelas. (St. Anthony's Fire; The Hose.)
This is an inflammatory affection of the skin, but frequently affecting the constitution generally, the inflammation extending to the cellular membrane beneath the skin. Every part of the body is liab...
-Inflammation Of The Lungs. - Pneumonia
Inflammation of the Lungs is accompanied by a difficulty of breathing, a dull pain in some part of the chest, a moist cough, a frequent full pulse, vibrating under the finger like a tight string of a ...
-Typhoid Pneumonia
A complaint, combining Inflammation of the Lungs with some of the worst symptoms of Typhoid Fever, has frequently prevailed, as an epidemic in various parts of America, and has sometimes been exceedin...
-Pleurisy
Pleurisy is inflammation of the membrane lining the chest and enveloping the lungs. Inflammation of the Lungs and Pleurisy frequently exist together. Pleurisy without Pneumonia is, however, much more ...
-Inflammatory Sore Throat; Quinsy
Common sore throat is so well known that there is no use in wasting space in describing the symptoms; as on looking into the mouth and throat they are plainly seen: a red, inflamed surface, and usuall...
-Inflammation Of The Larynx. - (Upper Portion Of The Windpipe.)
This is a far more serious disease than the last, and has proved rapidly fatal in a large portion of cases. The main cause of this complaint is exposure to cold, or to cold and wet; and young perso...
-Diphtheria
This is a very formidable complaint, and frequently fatal. It has been known under different names for ages. In modern times Starr has described an outbreak of the disease, about one hundred and twent...
-Diphtheria. Continued
Treatment Diphtheria is not a disease that requires, or will bear depletion. The bowels may be cleaned out at the commencement by a gentle aperient. The internal remedies from which most benefit is...
-Bronchitis
Bronchitis, or inflammation of the membrane lining the air passages, may be, and often is, a very acute and dangerous disorder; the inflammation may be both intense and diffused. It may extend and occ...
-Chronic Bronchitis
The constant symptoms of Chronic Bronchitis are cough, some shortness of breath, expectoration of altered mucus. The variable symptoms, those which are frequently of the most importance, as determinin...
-Inflammation And Other Diseases Of The Heart
Simple Enlargement Of The Left Ventricle This is sometimes found to exist after death, when no reason can be discovered why it should exist, and is supposed to be caused by physical exertion, givin...
-Inflammation And Other Diseases Of The Heart. Continued
The proper treatment for these palpitations and irregularities in the pulse will be to attend to the general health, with cold bathing (when the season of the year will allow); animal food (tender); w...
-Inflammation of the covering and lining membranes of the Heart
Acute inflammation of the membranes of the heart may occasionally arise from exposure to cold; or when no exciting cause is apparent or discoverable. Sometimes it follows blows upon the chest, or othe...
-Angina Pectoris
This complaint is found to attack men much more frequently than women, particularly those who have short necks, who are inclined to be corpulent, and who, at the same time, lead an inactive or sedenta...
-Inflammation Of Arteries
This disease is not very common, and is rather obscure. It is frequently the result of some injury, and may be local and subacute, (that is, not very acute), or it may be acute. The subacute is a loca...
-Aneurism
Aneurism is generally a disease of middle life, being most frequent between the ages of thirty and fifty, although it has occasionally been met with even in children. The predisposing cause of aneu...
-Inflammation Of The Veins
Inflammation of veins is a very important disease, which is divided into subacute and acute. The subacute is not a very serious disease, and generally affects the veins of the legs, especially if ...
-Inflammation Of The Brain
Inflammation of the Brain may be chronic or acute; the Brain itself may be attacked, or merely the investing membranes; and usually the pain is greater in the latter than in the former case. But pain ...
-Delirium Tremens. (The Horrors.)
In this complaint there is always delirium, and there is generally, but not always trembling. There is sleeplessness, a busy, but not angry delirium; constant chattering; a trembling of the hands, and...
-Inflammation Of The Stomach
Inflammation of the stomach may be either acute or chronic. Acute inflammation of the stomach is generally caused by something which produces great irritation, such as the introduction of poisonous ...
-Inflammation Of The Stomach. Continued
Perforation, when it does occur, may result from sloughing or rupture of the peritoneal coat of the stomach, in the sometimes slow, sometimes rapid progress of the deepening ulcer; but it is more ofte...
-Inflammation Of The Peritoneum
Inflammation of the Peritoneum may be either acute or chronic. The Peritoneum is the great membrane which lines the cavity of the abdomen, and which partially or wholly covers the various viscera. ...
-Acute Peritonitis
Acute Peritonitis generally sets in with well-marked symptoms, smart rigors and high fever, with a hard and sharp pulse, which very soon becomes frequent, and often becomes feeble, and is sometimes sm...
-Inflammation Of The Bowels
It is of great consequence to distinguish between the symptoms of Inflammation of the bowels and Colic, as the remedies that would be proper and beneficial in Colic would be highly injurious in Inflam...
-Inflammation Of The Liver
Inflammation of the Liver is either acute or chronic. It is a complaint that is much more common in hot than in temperate climates.. Inflammation of the Liver may be occasioned by violent exercise,...
-Inflammation Of The Liver. Continued
The liver is subject to one remarkable form of disease, which fortunately is not at all common, as it is not controllable as yet by any known plan of treatment, but is almost always fatal. It has been...
-Jaundice
Jaundice is an occasional symptom of both acute and chronic inflammation of the liver; but Jaundice is often spoken of as constituting a distinct form of disease. The symptoms of the disease are, yell...
-Inflammation Of The Spleen
This disease comes on with shiverings, succeeded by heat, thirst, and other feverish symptoms; there is anxiety, with difficult respiration, often joined with a cough without expectoration. The patien...
-Inflammation Of The Kidneys
Pain in the kidney is commonly, but not always, produced by the passage of a stone or gravel from the kidneys toward the bladder. The passage of gravel from the kidney sometimes does, and sometimes do...
-Inflammation Of The Bladder
This disease is both acute and chronic. The acute inflammation often owes its origin to injuries inflicted on the bladder by the clumsy introduction of instruments, or in the operations of Lithotomy o...
-Inflammation Of Spinal Coed, And Diseases Of The Spine
The Spinal Cord is a conducting organ between the brain and the nerves; thus, if the Cord be cut across at any point, or so crushed as to be thoroughly disorganized at that point, there will be a comp...
-Inflammation Of Spinal Coed, And Diseases Of The Spine. Continued
Treatment When the inflammation is acute, blood may be taken from the tender spot, by means of leeches, or by cupping-glasses applied along the sides of the spine. Perfect rest in the horizontal po...
-Concussion
Violent blows or bendings of the spine are likely to produce very serious injury to the Spinal Cord. Sometimes they cause an immediate paralysis of the parts below the seat of the injury, which gradua...
-Dropsy
Sir Thomas Watson says: It has been said, and said with much truth, that Dropsy is rather a symptom of disease, than a disease of itself, and it has been affirmed that it would be more philosophical ...
-Dropsy. Part 2
Its inner surface may be smooth and even, or knobby and irregular. Lastly, the fluid contained in the cyst may be thin or consistent; limpid or glutinous; opaque or transparent; and of various tints; ...
-Dropsy. Part 3
When medicine failed to remove the accumulation of liquid, it has been customary for a long time to endeavour to get rid of it by what is called tapping; that is, puncturing the abdomen, and letting t...
-General Dropsy
In anasarca, (as general Dropsy is called), in most cases, at the outset, the skin is dry, and the urine is scanty; and the anasarca is observed to increase or decrease, as the quantity of urine dimin...
-General Dropsy. Continued
Treatment When we are satisfied that the disease does not depend upon disease of the kidneys, we may use all the means in our power to get rid of the accumulated liquid by means of diuretics. The f...
-Diabetes
This is a disease in which the patient makes an enormous quantity of urine, and in which the urine contains usually an enormous quantity of sugar. This disease was first described in 1684 by Br. Wi...
-Diabetes. Part 2
Diabetes is generally a chronic disorder, creeping on at first insidiously, and spreading itself, under judicious management, over many years. Yet it is sometimes fairly entitled to be called an acut...
-Diabetes. Part 3
Considerable benefit is said to have been derived from hot air baths, causing perspiration, and forcing a portion of the spare fluids of the body out of it by their natural channel. An interesting cas...
-Diabetes. Part 4
As regards the general symptoms of the disease already enumerated (most of which were referable to the nervous system), they gradually diminished, and at length completely disappeared within a fortni...
-Ague, Intermittent Fever
When the cold fit comes on every twenty-four hours, it is called a Quotidian; when there is a space of forty-eight hours between the attacks, it is called a Tertian; and when it appears on the first a...
-Ague, Intermittent Fever. Part 2
Individuals of all ages, from sucking infants to persons of four score, are liable to it, but they are not equally subject to it. It is less likely to affect the very young, and the aged, than those o...
-Ague, Intermittent Fever. Part 3
It is a singular, but well ascertained fact, that the miasmata lose their noxious properties by passing over even a small surface of water. Probably they are absorbed by it. Many instances have been r...
-Ague, Intermittent Fever. Part 4
Treatment At the commencement it is good practice to clear out the stomach and bowels with a good purgative; any one prescribed in this work will answer; and then: The remedy upon which most relian...
-Bilious Remittent Fever
With the exception of the intermittent, the most common form of fever prevalent in the middle, southern, and south-western sections of the United States, is the remittent, or as it is generally called...
-Bilious Remittent Fever. Part 2
This form of the disease is marked by a diminished temperature and decreased sensibility of the whole surface of the body; the skin being at the same time, soft, contracted, and often clammy, or wet w...
-Bilious Remittent Fever. Part 3
After the cathartics, and for the purpose of abating the fever, the following mixture may be given: Bicarbonate of Potash....................Half an Ounce. Citric Acid..............................
-Yellow Fever
Yellow Fever is confined strictly within a certain geographical range, and limited by the atmospheric temperature of the climate and season; too great, as well as too low a degree of heat appearing to...
-Hay Fever, Or Hay Asthma
This is a singular variety of Catarrh, produced by a peculiar local cause, which, although not of serious consequence, requires a short notice. Dr. Bostock, in the Medico-Chirurgical Transactions, g...
-Typhus Fever
Typhus Fever does not always commence in the same way. It may happen that for several days before the disease assumes its peculiar and proper aspect, and before the patient is rendered unable to pursu...
-Typhus Fever. Part 2
The delirium is peculiar. The patient wanders, at first, in the night only, and the delirium commonly shows itself on his awaking from disturbed sleep. Sometimes he is desirous of getting up, and talk...
-Typhus Fever. Part 3
In many instances, however, the amendment is so gradual, that we can scarcely say when it begins. Sometimes the favourable crisis is preceded by an aggravation of most of the former symptoms, and a ma...
-Typhus Fever. Part 4
After attending upon him, they should not eat with unwashed hands. Friends who visit the apartment at intervals only should never enter it fasting. It is always advisable that the patient's hair sh...
-Typhoid Fever
This disease, latterly called Intestinal Fever, or Enteric Fever, resembles, in many respects, Tyhus Fever. But while the latter fever is usually propagated by contagion, Typhoid Fever is generally co...
-Typhoid Fever. Part 2
In the earlier period of Typhoid fever the temperature takes a tolerably uniform upward course; increasing from morning till evening, and decreasing from evening till morning, with a daily rise on the...
-Typhoid Fever. Part 3
That it occurred in the house of the milk-vendor, where the business was carried on; he died; and seven other persons, members of his family, or boys employed and living on the premises, had Typhoid, ...
-Typhoid Fever. Part 4
Probably enough has been stated to satisfy you, as I am satisfied, that the distribution of the Typhoid was connected with the distribution of the milk from the particular dairy referred to. But at th...
-Typhoid Fever. Part 5
If, then, we ask where the milk obtained the contagion it held, as a question preliminary to how it obtained it, the answer must be-upon the premises of the dairyman. My investigation was now localise...
-Typhoid Fever. Part 6
We may ask then, which of these two sets of premises, the cowhouse and yard, or the premises where the milk was sold, furnished the contagion of the milk? To take the cow-yard first, there were presen...
-Typhoid Fever. Part 7
It was not until the return of the family from the country that I could get the tank exposed; and what I found was this: The description given me of the tank was correct; but the woodwork had become r...
-Typhoid Fever. Part 8
Treatment In the outset of the disease, and while its nature may as yet be uncertain, if the bowels have not been already purged by nature or by art, it will be well to give a mild purgative. After...
-Typhoid Fever. Part 9
The management of the patient during convalescence is scarcely of less importance than during the progress of the fever. The chief danger is, that his desire to be allowed to get up, and his wish to e...
-Relapsing Fever
This fever often commences very suddenly, frequently rendering the patient prostrate within an hour. There is a continuous and urgent suffering from febrile anxiety, restlessness, fever, great headach...
-Cerebro-Spinal Fever; Spotted Fever; Petechial Feyer
This disease has, of late years, attracted considerable attention from the circumstance of its having occurred as an epidemic in different parts of Europe and the United States. Its first recorded epi...
-Diseases Of Pregnancy
Three different stages exist during a state of pregnancy, each of which has a distinct set of symptoms. The first stage of pregnancy is usually accompanied with a stoppage of the usual monthly disc...
-Diseases Of Pregnancy. Continued
Diarrhoea If diarrhoea should arise during pregnancy, the patient may take the Astringent Mixture, No. 7, or the Astringent Mixture, No. 8. Retroverted Womb It sometimes happens that a retrov...
-Convulsions
Convulsions may occur either during pregnancy or labour, and are of different kinds, requiring opposite treatment. One species is the consequence of great exhaustion, from a tedious labour, excessive ...
-Abortions And Floodings
By abortion is to be understood the expulsion of the contents of the gravid womb at a period of gestation so early as to render it impossible for the foetus to live. It is an accident or disease of fr...
-Abortions And Floodings. Continued
Floodings are more or less dangerous according to the stage of pregnancy in which they happen. The farther a woman is advanced therein, the greater will bo the risk, especially if unaccompanied by lab...
-Diseases Of The Puerperal State
Parturition, it is well known, is a natural process, and cannot therefore be considered a disease; nevertheless it often lays the foundation of many distressing complaints, and is now and then attende...
-Puerperal Fever (Childbed Fever.)
This is a disease which sometimes prevails as an epidemic, and sometimes makes its appearance in a particular locality, prevails for a shorter or longer time, and ceases as suddenly, without our knowi...
-Miliary Eruptions
In consequence of keeping women very warm, and of using a heating diet, it not unfrequently happens that an eruption of little pimples (about the size of millet seeds, whence the name), breaks out, du...
-Phlegmasia Dolens
This disease doesnot appear to be of very frequent occurrence in temperate climates. Mr. White states that out of 1897 women delivered at the Westminster General Dispensary, five only were attacked w...
-Inflammation Of The Womb
This complaint may be caused by the long-continued pressure of the womb on the head of the child in difficult labours; or the improper application of instruments, or the injudicious meddling of the mi...
-Inversion Of The Womb
This complaint consists in the turning inside out of the womb, so that the top of it comes through the mouth; consequently that part which was formerly the inside of a cavity now becomes the outside o...
-Falling Of The Womb
This complaint consists (as the name implies) in a change in the situation of the womb, by which it falls much lower than it ought to do. In some cases it protrudes entirely without the vagina. The sl...
-Furor, Uterinus Or Nymphomania
This disease comes on with melancholy, lascivious casting about of the eyes, and frequent sighing; and, as it increases, the face becomes red and flushed, and the woman makes use of libidinous gesture...
-Whites. (Leucorrhoea Or Fluor Albus.)
This disease is marked by the discharge of a thin white or yellow matter from the womb and passage thereto, attended likewise with some degree of foetor, smarting in making water, pains in the back an...
-Retention Of Urine. Suppression Of Urine
Retention of urine, commonly called Strangury, consists in a frequent desire to make water, with a difficulty in voiding it; suppression is when there is an impossibility of voiding it, from some caus...
-Amenoerhcea, Or Interruption Of The Menstrual Flux
Menstruation seems to give a disposition to the female organs of generation to be acted upon by the male semen so as to fit them for impregnation, as women seldom, if ever, bear children before they h...
-Suppression Of The Menses
When the menstrual flux has been suppressed for any considerable time, it not unfrequently happens that the blood which should have passed off by the uterus, being determined more copiously and forcib...
-Difficult Menstruation
Besides the two deviations from the usual course of nature already mentioned, there sometimes occurs a third, where menstruation, although not wholly suppressed, is somewhat difficult, and accompanied...
-Cessation Of The Menses
The time of life at which the monthly discharge ceases, which usually takes place between the ages of forty-five and fifty, is always a very critical one to women, as the constitution then undergoes a...
-Menorrhagia, Or Immoderate Flow Of The Menses
The monthly discharge is to be considered as immoderate when it either returns more frequently than is natural, continues longer than usual, or is more abundant than with the same person at other time...
-Hysteria
Hysteria has characters peculiar to itself; but it is apt also to assume the form, and mimic the symptoms, of various other diseases of a much graver nature. The hysterical paroxysm is almost, thou...
-Hysteria. Part 2
The persons who suffer Hysteria are commonly young women, in whom the process of menstruation is in some way or other disordered; and who are either naturally of a feeble constitution, or have been de...
-Hysteria. Part 3
Surgeons are familiar with the ' hysterical breast.' The breast becomes painful, tender, enlarges somewhat perhaps. The girl fears that a cancer is breeding. She communicates her alarm to her friends...
-Hysteria. Part 4
Southey, in one of his published letters, speaking of his mother, says: ' While she was a mere child she had a paralytic affection, which deadened one side from the hip downwards, and crippled her fo...
-Hysteria. Part 5
Treatment The treatment to be adopted regards, first, the paroxysm itself; secondly, the condition of the patient during the absence of the paroxysm. One object during the paroxysm, is to preven...
-Hysteria. Part 6
Citrate of Iron and Ammonia................Eighty Grains. Tincture of Orange Peel.....................One Ounce. Syrup..............................................One Ounce. Water, sufficien...
-Bleeding From The Nose
A slight blow, brisk exercise, a strong bodily effort, a fit of sneezing, or the summer heat, is sufficient, in many boys, to set the nose bleeding. In some adult persons it happens periodically, and ...
-Spitting Of Blood
In this complaint there is a discharge of blood of a florid colour and often frothy; sometimes from the lungs, but more frequently from the lining membrane of the air passages, brought up with more or...
-Pulmonary Consumption. (Phthisis Pulmonalis.)
Phthisis means a wasting away, or a consuming; but of late years the term has been mainly restricted to that species of wasting disease which consists in the occupation of the lungs by tubercular mat...
-Pulmonary Consumption. (Phthisis Pulmonalis.). Part 2
As to the ordinary duration of Phthisis: of 314 cases noted by Bayle and Louis, 24 died within three months; 69 between three and six months; 69 also between six and nine months; 32 between nine and t...
-Pulmonary Consumption. (Phthisis Pulmonalis.). Part 3
The pulse will sometimes remain steady to a healthy standard up to the period of dissolution; and such cases are generally slow in their progress. Commonly, however, the pulse is above ninety, and oft...
-Pulmonary Consumption. (Phthisis Pulmonalis.). Part 4
Whereas, where the tubercles come singly, or in successive crops and rapidly soften, and are expectorated, and where some long time interposes between the crops, the health and strength return, and th...
-Pulmonary Consumption. (Phthisis Pulmonalis.). Part 5
Cod-liver Oil has been of late years a very favorite remedy in Consumption. It is said that the patient recovers flesh and weight, resumes a healthier aspect, and has sensations of returning strength ...
-Vomiting Of Blood. (Hoematemesis.)
Haemorrhage from the stomach may be distinguished from bleeding from the lungs by its being usually preceded by a sense of weight, anxiety, or pain in the region of the stomach; by its being unaccompa...
-Bloody Urine. - Haematuria
This disease is sometimes symptomatic of a general tendency to haemorrhages, but it in general arises either from the irritation caused by stones in the bladder or kidneys, or from some violent exerti...
-Accidents To The Air Passages
The intrusion of solid, or foreign bodies, as they are commonly termed, into the windpipe are not by any means uncommon, and many fatal accidents happen in that way. Morsels of food; the stones of f...
-Accidents To The Air Passages. Continued
Again the intruding substance may not be fixed anywhere, but may shift its place from time to time; and this, in fact, is what most frequently happens; and when it does happen, it gives rise to very s...
-Bronchocele, Goitre, Derbyshire Neck
This complaint, which is common in some parts of Switzerland and France, in Derbyshire in England, and in some parts of Canada, consists of an enlargement of the thyreoid gland. It usually presents a ...
-Bronchocele, Goitre, Derbyshire Neck. Part 2
Dr. James Johnson remarks We find in the Valais (one of the Swiss cantons), and in the lower gorges or ravines that open on its sides, both Cretinism and Bronchocele in the most intense degrees. As w...
-Bronchocele, Goitre, Derbyshire Neck. Part 3
These scattered indications that the hurtful quality of the water is somehow derived from its contact with limestone rocks, receive a powerful corroboration from the results of McClelland's minute and...
-Exophthalmic Goitre
This is not a very common disorder. It was first publicly noticed by Dr. Graves, in his Lectures, in 1835, and it is therefore sometimes called Graves's Disease. It has since been more fully descr...
-Cholera; Asiatic Cholera; Spasmodic Cholera; Malignant Cholera
Malignant Cholera, as the Asiatic form of the disease has been called, so far resembled the summer Cholera, or Cholera Morbus, that it was attended with profuse vomiting and purging, by extreme prostr...
-Cholera; Asiatic Cholera; Spasmodic Cholera; Malignant Cholera. Part 2
The disease was not known in this country (England) till the autumn of the year 1831. There are persons, I am aware, who hold that it has always existed among us; only not in such numerous instances ...
-Cholera; Asiatic Cholera; Spasmodic Cholera; Malignant Cholera. Part 3
But when the specific symptoms, peculiar to the severe form of Cholera, had set in, medicine had very little influence upon it; and, accordingly, as might have been expected, a hundred different cure...
-Cholera; Asiatic Cholera; Spasmodic Cholera; Malignant Cholera. Part 4
Very few, I imagine, of the original doubters remain unconverted,Bays Dr. Watson, to the doctrine which I have held from the beginning, that epidemic Cholera is catching: that it results from a mat...
-Cholera; Asiatic Cholera; Spasmodic Cholera; Malignant Cholera. Part 5
The result of an inquiry suggested by the Board of Health into the effects of the consumption of impure water during the second and third Cholera epidemics was favorable to Dr. Snow's theory; and Mr....
-Cholera; Asiatic Cholera; Spasmodic Cholera; Malignant Cholera. Part 6
Treatment Respecting the treatment of Cholera there are two parties in the Medical profession, each holding a different set of opinions, and each basing their opinions on the results of experience ...
-Hydrophobia
Hydrophobia is a disease brought on by inoculation with the saliva of a rabid animal, and characterized by intermitting spasms of the muscles of respiration, together with a peculiar irritability of t...
-Hydrophobia. Part 2
Second Stage, Or Premonitory Symptoms The first thing that attracts attention is a peculiar pain of the wounded part, together with slight heat, redness and swelling. The pain is observed to shoot ...
-Hydrophobia. Part 3
Preventive Treatment As soon as possible after the bite of a suspected animal the whole wound should be freely and fairly cut out. After this, bleeding should be encouraged by the application o...
-Hydrophobia. Part 4
In the present state of our knowledge, the principal object in the treatment of this disease is to allay the patient's sufferings. This should be done by keeping the patient perfectly quiet and in the...
-Glanders
The Glanders is a disease of the horse tribe, communicable to man and other animals. It is chiefly manifested by unhealthy suppuration of the mucous membrane of the nasal cavities, and pustular erupti...
-Cancer
Cancer comprises different varieties, the physical characters of which have many points of contrast. Scirrhus, as that word implies, is remarkable, in its early stages, for its hardness. It is as f...
-Cancer. Continued
That Cancer runs in families, says Dr. Watson, is well understood, even by the public. An example of this hereditary disposition has just occurred to me in practice. A patient of mine, a barrister, ...
-Cancer of the Womb
The symptoms of this disease, as described by Sir James Simpson, are: The presence of a constant, profuse and offensive discharge; frequent, profuse and intractable flood-ings. Treatment These...
-Cancer of the Womb. Continued
Emaciation is another symptom of this complaint, yet it is not a uniform consequence even of malignant disorganization of the stomach. Napoleon Bonaparte was very fat when he died. His omentum is des...
-Tetanus, Or Locked Jaw
Tetanus is of different kinds. It is divided into the idiopathic, or that which arises entirely from some disorder of the system, and the traumatic, or that which is caused by a wound. It may be acute...
-Tetanus, Or Locked Jaw. Continued
Treatment Some of the most modern French writers on Tetanus hold that it is always an inflammatory complaint; and that it consists essentially in inflammation of the spinal marrow; and some of the...
-Small-Pox
This disease commences with feverish symptoms, shivering, followed by heat and dryness of the skin, a hard and frequent pulse, pain in the stomach, with nausea and vomiting and headache. Sometimes wil...
-Small-Pox. Part 2
It appears from the researches of eminent writers, that this disease, as also the measles, had prevailed in China and Hindostan from remote antiquity, yet had not extended to the more western nations ...
-Small-Pox. Part 3
Dr. Grieve, Medical Director to the Hampstead Small-pox Hospital, says: We have sixty officials connected with the Hospital, who are constantly in contact with the sick; and in the three months we ha...
-Venereal Disease
The venereal disease, using the term in its widest acceptation, consists in the effects of certain morbid poisons, generated and usually communicated by promiscuous sexual intercourse. It includes ...
-Venereal Disease. Continued
They, therefore, who are in favour of its antiquity, must hold one of these three opinions concerning that virulent disease of the fifteenth century;-viz., 1st, That it was a new kind of venereal dise...
-Gonorrhcea, Or Clap
A Gonorrhoea signifies a discharge from the mucous membrane of the male or female genitals; generally produced by contagion from a similar discharge during sexual connection. In the first stage the...
-Syphilis
The primary syphilitic sore, called chancre, may be caused by the syphilitic poison to any surface, but they are most frequently found on the genitals: and, in men usually on the glans or in the angle...
-Syphilis. Part 2
The fourth consists of painful, irritable and bleeding cracks or fissures around the edge of the foreskin; they are best treated by the application of the following ointment: Citrine Ointment.........
-Syphilis. Part 3
Thirdly. Violent salivation. This may be caused by a too liberal use of the remedy; or by a sudden check to perspiration by cold and damp; or by loss of blood, or anything that lowers the system. It i...
-Secondary Syphilis
The symptoms of secondary, or constitutional Syphilis, generally occur about six weeks after the primary symptoms, sometimes a fortnight, sometimes not for months. Before their appearance, the patient...
-Carbuncle
A Carbuncle is a large, flat, circumscribed, very hard, and very painful tumour, of a purplish red colour, and attended with a sensation of burning heat. Its diameter when complete, may be three or fo...
-Boils
These are miniature Carbuncles. They should be poulticed, and as soon as they show a head, should be opened with a lancet. Sometimes they come out in successive crops, one after another, for some time...
-Scurvy
This disease was once very common, particularly among sailors, who were deprived during long voyages, of fresh vegetables, and compelled to live on salt provisions. The Scurvy comes on gradually, w...
-Insanity
There are two species of madness, the melancholic and the furious. Between melancholic and furious madness there seems, however, to exist an intermediate species of the disease. Great eccentricity or ...
-Puerperal Mania
This complaint attacks women after childbirth. The most common time for it to begin is a few days, or a week or two before delivery; more frequently among those who are recently confined. The danger d...
-The Plague
The plague is a very malignant fever, of a putrid and contagious nature, in the progress of which, extreme debility, buboes, carbuncles, petechiae, hemorrhages, colliquative diarrhoea, and other typho...
-Syncope, Or Fainting
This is caused by a decreased action, and sometimes total cessation of the action of the heart. It is sometimes preceded by a feeling of anxiety, giddiness, dimness of sight and coldness of the extrem...
-Vertigo, Or Giddiness
This proceeds most usually either from too great a fulness of the vessels of the head, sometimes the result of disease of the heart, sometimes of debility, or may be symptomatic of Indigestion, Hypoch...
-Sunstroke, Coup-De-Soleil
This, which so frequently occurs in summer time to those who are exposed to the extreme heat of the sun, is evidently an attack of apoplexy; and should be treated in the same manner as an attack cause...
-Immoderate Sweating
This is usually a symptom of some other affection; but it is sometimes owing to general weakness and debility, accompanied with a preternatural flow of moisture to the surface of the body. The curo...
-Marasmus, Atrophy, Emaciation, Or Wasting
This complaint is marked by a gradual wasting of the body, attended with a fever of a slow, remitting kind, loss of appetite, and impaired digestion, depression of spirits and general languor. The gen...
-Corpulence
Corpulence, when it gets beyond a certain point, becomes an absolute disease, and must be very uncomfortable to the unfortunate incumbent. The general exciting causes of this state, independent of ...
-Tympany
Tympany consists in a violent distension either of the intestines, or of the cavity of the abdomen by wind. In the former case it has been supposed to arise from the sudden suppression of Diarrhoea or...
-Loss Of Appetite
A want of appetite and loathing of food is not usually an original complaint, but is generally a symptom of some other disorder, such as Indigestion, and must then be treated as advised under that hea...
-Sea-Sickness
This is a very distressing affection, and one that some people are very subject to; others again can make a long voyage without the slightest inconvenience; and children generally suffer less than gro...
-Chronic Thrush
This complaint sometimes arises spontaneously, but is more commonly a symptom of other disorders. It comes on at first with an uneasy sensation or burning heat in the stomach, which increases graduall...
-Canine Appetite
The causes of this complaint are not well understood, as it is not very common. A slight form of it is not unfrequently met with in pregnant women, who have a painful longing after particular articles...
-Involuntary Emission Of Semen
An involuntary emission of semen during sleep sometimes pro-ceeds from general debility, sometimes from weakness of the seminal vessels from excessive venery, or from an over-fulness of those vessels....
-Impotency
In some cases this affection is owing to an original defect in the organs of generation; but it more usually arises either from local weakness, brought on by excess in venery, or from great debility i...
-Dropsy Of The Testicle. (Hydrocele.)
This complaint forms a pear-shaped swelling, smooth on its outer surface, fluctuating if pressed, free from pain and tenderness, and causing merely a little uneasiness by its weight. On placing a ligh...
-Fistula
Fistula in Ano is a fistulous opening into the gut, which is extremely difficult to heal, on account of the action of the muscle which keeps the extremity of the gut closed, and also from the passage ...
-Imperforate Hymen
The membrane called the Hymen (or commonly, maidenhead), situated at the entrance of the vagina (the passage to the womb) sometimes completely obstructs the passage, so that the menstrual fluid cannot...
-Pruritus, Or Itching
This, which is a very troublesome and very annoying complaint frequently attacks the neighbourhood of the parts of generation, and the anus. It may arise from the presence of animalculae in the skin, ...
-Stricture Of The Rectum
Spasmodic Stricture of the lower part of the bowels is known by great difficulty in evacuating the bowels, with spasmodic pain in doing so. It generally depends, says Mr. Mayo, on a vitiated state of ...
-Rupture Of Muscles And Tendons
This is an accident which is frequently caused by violent muscular contraction; especially if, after illness or long inactivity, the muscles are subjected to sudden and severe exertion. It occasional...
-Sprains Or Strains
A Sprain is a violent stretching of tendinous or ligamentous parts, with or without rupture of some of their fibres. It produces instant severe pain, (as doubtless many of my readers know), often atte...
-Housemaid's Knee
This is a common complaint with young women who are accustomed to do much scrubbing on their knees. It causes very great pain, swelling, and sometimes fever. It may be known from acute inflammation of...
-Ganglion
This is an enlargement and excessive secretion of synovial fluid of one of the Bursae. It usually arises from a strain, or injury of some kind, and its most common situation is about the wrist, the ba...
-Whitlow
Whitlow is an abscess of a finger. It comes on with a burning pain and inflammation at the end of the finger, which soon begins to throb, and to get more and more painful as the inflammation proceeds....
-Warts
Warts are so well known that they need very little description. When they are situated on an exposed part of the skin, the cuticle is thick, and they are generally dry, hard, and insensible; but when ...
-Sty
A small, painful boil at the edge of the eyelid. If pricked with a needle at its first commencement, it may frequently be got rid of, with the assistance of a dose or two of cooling physic. But if neg...
-Inflammation Of The Eye. (Ophthalmia)
Acute Ophthalmia may be caused by dust or lime or any other irritating substance getting into the eye, or by cold, a blow, etc. There is usually smarting, heat, stiffness, and dryness of the eye, with...
-Cataract
Before examining any person with suspected Cataract the pupil should be dilated with Belladonna, and then if there be Cataract, there will be seen an opaque body of a gray, bluish white, or amber colo...
-Glaucoma
This is a state of impaired vision, accompanied with a greenish discoloration of the pupil of the eye. The patient complains of gradually increasing dimness of sight, attended with more or less rheuma...
-Amaurosls, Or Gutta Serena
This complaint is caused by long-continued looking at minute objects; or exposure to glaring light, especially if combined with heat, and these exciting causes are aided by intemperance, stooping, tig...
-Night Blindness, (Nyctalopia.)
In this disease the sight is perfectly clear and distinct in the daytime, but a total blindness takes place by night. This disorder is peculiar to the inhabitants of tropical climates and the south...
-Weakness Of Sight
Persons of delicate constitutions and sedentary habits, especially if they are in the habit of writing much, or otherwise exerting their eyes on minute objects, are liable to suffer from dimness of si...
-Short Sight And Long Sight
Short-sighted persons are generally born so, and the affection is noticed in early childhood; but it may be brought on in youth by too close attention to study, and by habits of looking at minute obje...
-Squinting
Squinting may be caused by some defect in the formation before birth; or it may be induced by bad habits; such as the imitation of parents, nurses or schoolfellows, if they happen to squint, or by con...
-Inflammation Of The Ear
Acute inflammation of the external ear is known by violent pain in the part, which is increased by pressure, and by noise, as well as by the motions of the head and of the lower jaw, and by exposure t...
-Earache
Genuine neuralgia of the ear, occurring in fits of excruciating pain, shooting over the head and face, may be distinguished from inflammation by the sudden intensity of the pain, which is not throbbin...
-Black Or Livid Colour Of Infants
It sometimes happens that immediately after birth the face and neck of the infant put on a livid or black appearance, the lips become purple, and the breathing short; which symptoms either go off soon...
-Retention Of The Meconium
A dark-coloured, viscid matter, known by the name of meconium, is contained in the bowels of all infants at birth, and is usually discharged during the first two or three days, in consequence of the m...
-Yellow Gum
This is a species of jaundice which affects many children at or soon after birth; and which usually continues for some days. The effects produced are languor, a yellow tinge of the skin, bilious ur...
-Excoriations And Ulcerations
Children are very apt to become chafed in the wrinkles of the neck, behind the ears, and in the groins. This sometimes arises from want of proper cleanliness; but frequently from an excessive tenderne...
-Hiccups
Some infants are much troubled with Hiccups, which may arise from acidity in the stomach, or from some nervous irritation. A few doses of Carminative, and a few warm baths, will probably put a stop...
-Cutaneous Eruptions
Children at the breast are very subject to slight eruptions, particularly during the first month. Of this kind is the red-gum, which consists in small red spots, most usually confined to the face and ...
-Acidities, Gripes Am) Flatulency In Infants
Improper food on the part of the mother, causing her to produce bad milk, weak digestion, and a natural tendency in the stomach of children to generate acid are the causes which give rise to these aff...
-Diarrhcea In Infants
This may arise either from the milk not agreeing with the child; from its being suckled too long, or from an exposure to cold. If the latter; warm bathing once or twice a day, and warm clothing are ne...
-Falling Of The Fundament. (Prolapsus Ani.)
Children of a weak habit of body, or who have been much afflicted with severe purgings, are very liable to this complaint. It is also a frequent consequence of irritation of the lower part of the bowe...
-Weaning Brash
This complaint affects children that are weaned too early, or such as are attempted to be reared without the breast, and also where improper food is given with or without sucking. It appears most freq...
-Pain In The Stomach
This may arise from various causes: indigestion, wind in the stomach, too much acidity in the stomach, loss of tone, fermentation of the food, and improper food. Sometimes the gastric juice itself bec...
-Bright's Disease Of The Kidney
This is a peculiar state of the kidney, which has been called after Dr. Bright, the eminent physician who first noticed and des cribed it. This affection of the kidney has been divided into two var...
-Weak Ankles
In this affection the foot is flattened, its arch is sunk, and in bad cases the inner ankle almost touches the ground, and the patient walks with great pain and lameness. It depends upon a weakness an...
-Bunions
A bunion signifies a distortion of the metatarsal joint of the [great toe; which is thrown outwards, so that the head of the bone projects and forms a swelling on the inner side of the foot. The skin ...
-Corns
Corns are growths of thick skin, and are produced when the skin, situated over some projecting piece of bone, is irritated by frequent pressure or friction. They may be found occasionally on the hands...
-Polypus In The Nose
This is a diseased growth in the nose, of which there are four varieties. The common gelatinus polypus is a tumour of the consistence of jelly, pear-shaped, yellowish, slightly streaked with blood-...
-Lacerated And Contused Wounds
These wounds are attended with less haemorrhage than those produced by cuts, both because their surface being irregular, renders it easy for the blood to adhere and coagulate, and because arteries, wh...
-Gun-Shot Wounds
Under the term gun-shot wounds are included all the injuries caused by the discharge or bursting of fire-arms. They consist of severe contusions with or without wounds. When a musket or pistol ball ha...
-Punctured Wounds
These are considered the most dangerous of all wounds, because from their depth they are liable to affect parts of importance; because the parts which they pass through are stretched and torn, and con...
-Poisoned Wounds
In the treatment of poisoned wounds, the first thing is to endeavour to draw the poison out of the wound, after tying a bandage tightly round the limb, (that is, of course, if the wound is in any situ...
-Rhino-Plastic, Or Taliacotian Operation
When a portion or the whole of the nose has been destroyed by disease or accident, the deficiency may be restored by a transplantation of skin from an adjoining part, the operation being varied accord...
-Hare-Lip
Hare-lip signifies a lip divided in the centre. The child is born with it. It may exist only on one side, or there may be a double fissure with a small flap of skin between. Sometimes there is also a ...
-Fissure Of The Palate
This, when extending through the bones, and forming a wide aperture into the nose, cannot be cured. The parts, however, come nearer together during their growth; and at puberty the defect may be palli...
-Deafness
Deafness may have several causes, but in the majority of cases it depends upon inflammation and thickening of the membrane that lines the drum of the ear. A few leeches behind the ear, followed by bli...
-Toothache
Toothache may be caused by decay of the tooth; by inflammation of the lining cavity; or by neuralgia. If it has arisen from cold, the feet may be put in hot water, and afterwards wrapped up warm in...
-Ulcers About The Nails
This, which is commonly called the growth of the nail into the flesh, is a very common and very troublesome complaint. Instead, however, of the nail growing into the flesh, the flesh has been squeez...
-Varicose Veins
This signifies an enlarged and tortuous state of the veins, generally of the legs; which are usually thickened, rigid, and divided into irregular pouches. This state may be caused by any thing that re...
-Hanging
Hanging may destroy life in three ways: by dislocating the neck; by compressing the windpipe and suspending respiration; by compressing the jugular veins and producing apoplexy. Treatment Artifi...
-Drowning
If respiration has ceased, it should instantly be commenced artificially; at the same time the body should be wiped dry, and be assiduously rubbed with hot cloths. Hot bricks should be applied to the ...
-Stomach-Pump
The stomach-pump ought only to be used in those cases of poisoning by opium, or alcohol, or other narcotics, in which the stomach and nervous system are rendered so insensible that vomiting cannot be ...
-Infanticide
Much careful observation is required to discriminate between a child that is still-born, and one that has only lived a short time after its birth. Various appearances also, both internal and external,...
-Weight Of Children At Birth
Dr. Hunter states that of several thousand new-born and perfect children which were weighed at the British Hospital, the smallest was about four pounds, and the largest about eleven pounds two ounces;...
-Acupuncture
This operation is performed by running two or three, or more needles into the flesh, where they are allowed to remain for a certain time. Considerable benefit has been derived from its use in some cas...
-Setons
Setons are introduced by pinching up a fold of the skin, and pushing a needle through it armed with a skein of silk or cotton, or a long flat piece of Indian-rubber. As soon as one or two inches of th...
-Issues
Issues may be made by caustic, or by incision, or by the actual cautery, that is, by burning with a red-hot iron. The first may be made either by rubbing a portion of skin of the requisite size with t...
-Moxa
This is a peculiar method of counter-irritation long practised in the East, and occasionally employed in Europe, for the relief of chronic, nervous and rheumatic pains, or for chronic diseases of the ...
-Leeches And Leech-Bites
In order to apply leeches, the part should be first well washed with warm water. If it is necessary to apply them to the head, or any other part covered with hair, the hair must be first shaved off', ...
-Useful Prescriptions
Tonic Mixture, No. 12 Sulphate of Quinine......................Thirty-two Grains. Aromatic Sulphuric Acid................A Dram and a Half. Syrup.........................................One O...
-Useful Prescriptions. Part 2
Antibilious Pills, No. 26 Powdered Jalap.............................One Dram. Calomel........................................Twenty-four Grains. Castile Soap....................................
-Useful Prescriptions. Part 3
Liniment, No. 42 Spirit of Ammonia...........................Half an Ounce. Powdered Gum Camphor....................One Dram. Palm Oil.........................................Two Ounces In...
-Medicines And Medicinal Preparations
It must be understood-as there is a difference in strength between some of the English and some of the American preparations - that the doses ordered of the different preparations, are of those prepar...
-Outward Applications
Stimulating Applications Liniment of Ammonia (Hartshorn and Oil), To be rubbed on the skin. Liniment of Camphor, do do Liniment of Iodine, ...
-Other Applications
Borax and Honey. For Children's sore mouths, and sore nipples. One dram of finely powdered Borax mixed with an ounce of Honey. Calamine Powder. To be dusted over places where the skin is tender. ...
-The Doses And Preparations Of Carbolic Acid
It is recommended to dissolve the crystallized Carbolic Acid (Calvert's) in the proportions of one part by weight of the acid to six of glycerine (forming Carbolate of Glycerine). In this state it can...
-Medical And Scientific Terms. With Their Explanations
Abdominal Regions The belly is anatomically divided into three transverse zones, an upper, a middle, and a lower. Each lino is divided, by perpendicular lines, into three compartments or regions; a...
-Medical And Scientific Terms. With Their Explanations. Part 2
Antispasmodics Remedies against spasm. Anus The termination or verge of the rectum, serving as an outlet for the faeces. Aperients Mild purgatives. Aphonia Loss of speech or voice...
-Medical And Scientific Terms. With Their Explanations. Part 3
Erythema Inflammatory redness of the skin. Eschar A dry slough. Escharotics Substances which form an eschar or slough when applied to the skin. Esculent Plants that may be eaten f...
-Medical And Scientific Terms. With Their Explanations. Part 4
Medullary The white substance of the brain. Micturition Making water. Mobility Excessive susceptibility to impressions. Moribund Dying. Mortification The death of any part o...
-Medical And Scientific Terms. With Their Explanations. Part 5
Spontaneous A term applied to diseases which take place without external cause. Sporadic A general term for diseases arising from occasional causes, such as cold, fatigue, etc. Sputum, Spu...
-The Principal Poisons
With the symptoms of poisoning and the most approved Remedies. Mineral Poisons. Acetic Acid Symptoms Of Poisoning Great heat, and a sensation of burning pain in the stomach; convulsions; deat...
-The Principal Poisons. Continued
Copper Symptoms Of Poisoning Blue Vitriol and Verdigris are the best known' salts of Copper; but Brunswick Green and Scheele's Green are equally poisonous. The symptoms of poisoning by all the s...
-Vegetable Poisons
Alcohol Symptoms Of Poisoning The symptoms of an over-dose of Alcohol are so well known, that there is no occasion to enumerate them. Treatment Give an emetic. Dash cold water on the head ...
-Vegetable Poisons. Part 2
Treatment The vomiting caused by the poison itself should be assisted by drinking freely of warm water, thin gruel or starch water; and may be followed by a dose or two of Castor Oil. Hellebore ...
-Vegetable Poisons. Part 3
Cyanide Of Potassium Symptoms Of Poisoning Similar to Prussic Acid. Treatment:-Treatment the same as for Prussic Acid. Rue And Oil Of Rue Symptoms Of Poisoning Great dryness of the mout...









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