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Honey Getting | by Edward Lloyd Sechrist



The book presents several systems of apiary management using the clear brood nest method and is based on well-known facts concerning the life-cycle, the behavior, and the habits of the honeybee. It correlates the behavior of bees with the production of a profitable crop of honey and discusses the principles and essential factors on which management for honey production is based.

TitleHoney Getting. Vol II
AuthorEdward Lloyd Sechrist
PublisherEarthmaster Publications
Year1947
Copyright1944, American Bee Journal
AmazonHoney Getting
Worker BeesEarthmaster Publications
-Preface
A study of the fundamentals of beekeeping as applied to the production of honey has not hitherto been available in compact and usable form. In the belief that a need exists for such a study, Honey Get...
-Introduction
A wise man once said, There is no new thing under the sun; and, Of the making of books there is no end. But he did not say that anyone knew all about anything, or that no more-ought to be written...
-Chapter I. Locality Differences As They Affect. Apiary Management
We are only beginning to understand the importance of a study of bee beha- A hot location with hives in full sun, on stands. vior if a success is to be made of beekeeping. One phase of behavior th...
-The Effect Of Varying Conditions On Behavior And Management Problems
Chief among the problems affected by regional differences are: 1) Length of the active period. 2) Brood rearing. 3) Rate of colony development. 4) swarming. 5) Queenless colonies. 6) Requeening and Su...
-The Effect Of Varying Conditions On Behavior And Management Problems. Part 2
Placing one or two frames of foundation at a time in the brood nest is the best way of giving aid, but no more foundation should be given than will be occupied by the queen as fast as drawn out; other...
-The Effect Of Varying Conditions On Behavior And Management Problems. Part 3
With only one super and an excluder, swarming may be expected. If the queen is clipped the first swarm usually returns. It is true, nevertheless, that some beekeepers in these same regions complain...
-Principles Against Rule-Of-Thumb
With such great variation in colony development and behavior due to regional differences, it is not surprising that beekeepers have worked out rule-of-thumb methods that work well enough in one locali...
-Three Principles Of Honey Getting
Colony management has for its foundation three general principles: 1) To get each colony to its maximum honey-producing strength at the beginning of the period of blooming of the principal nectar-pro...
-Nectar Producing Flora And Nectar. Secretion. Continued
In these regions of irregular rainfall, commercial honey production must largely depend on the nectar from flowering trees or from irrigated, cultivated plants. 4. The Effect on Vegetation of Differe...
-Typical Beekeeping Regions
A review of some typical beekeeping regions may help to clarify this subject of regional differences. 1. Although in some regions of mixed flowers, there is considerable white, alsike, and sweet clov...
-Typical Beekeeping Regions. Continued
7. In some southern and tropical regions where few herbaceous plants are cultivated, nectar comes almost wholly from shrubs, trees, and wild vines. In humid hot countries, low growing herbaceous plant...
-Chapter II. Six Essential Factors In Profitable Honey Getting And How To Provide Them
To get surplus honey profitably, the natural bee colony, which stores some honey and then swarms, must be transformed into a colony or colonies which will continue to store honey without attempting to...
-Standard Honey-Storing
STRENGTH at the beginning of the honey flow. STANDARD HONEY-STORING STRENGTH means that a colony has such a population and is in such a condition that, under the system of management used by the oper...
-Standard Honey-Storing. Part 2
Many colonies starve in their effort to rear brood - starve even with a few pounds of honey in the hive. This often occurs if the honey is very heavy in body or if it has been crystallized during the ...
-Chapter III. The Clear Brood Nest Method And The. Essentials Of Its Practice
The six essential factors in securing a good crop of surplus honey having been discussed in Chapter II (Six Essential Factors In Profitable Honey Getting And How To Provide Them), it is now necessary ...
-The Clear Brood Nest Method
This method includes those systems of management in which the operator confines the queen to a brood chamber of one or more hive bodies in which he tries to maintain a brood nest of ample proportions ...
-Discussion Of The Eight Essentials Of Practice
1. The First Essential is Securing and Maintaining a Clear Brood Nest Permit only good, all-worker combs in the brood chamber, whether it is one or two hive bodies. Eight combs, and in a two-story sy...
-2. The Second Essential Of Practice is to Keep All Colonies at Approximately Uniform Strength
The Advantage of Uniformity in Colonies* Uniformity of colonies cannot be stressed too much. It is a factor of utmost importance in honey getting because by uniformity, much bee labor can be substitu...
-3. The Third Essential of Practice is to Keep All Colonies Queenright
Keeping colonies queenright is part of swarm control and is of prime importance in clear brood nest systems in which the colony is the unit of management. Colonies that have swarmed or that are prepa...
-4. The Fourth Essential of Practice is to Provide a Stock of Queens
Use of Nuclei for Increase or for Rearing Queens for Requeening Although good queens can be bought and kept in a queen reservoir until needed, few beekeepers do this. They do not buy enough good qu...
-5. The Fifth Essential Of Practice Is To Clip Or Mark All Queens
The procedure in clipping is to cut off with sharp small scissors the wings as shown in the illustration so that there will be no mutilation. Clipping of laying queens is considered essential by some ...
-6. The Sixth Essential of Practice is Swarm Control
Control of Swarming and Management During the Honeyflow* The five essentials of practice already discussed have touched on swarm control and are a part of colony management for the honeyflow, but the...
-7. The Seventh Essential of Practice is to Keep the Bees Good Tempered
Good tempered bees are important. Since more work can be done with the same effort and with more comfort with good tempered bees than with cross ones, it is a good practice to replace the queens of vi...
-8. The Eighth Essential of Practice is to Eradicate American Foulbrood
Control or eradication of American foulbrood and other diseases is insured by frequent inspection and careful management. Confining a queen to a definite and well inspected brood chamber does much to...
-Chapter IV. Systems Of Management In The Clear. Brood Nest Method. How To Use The Clear Brood Nest
When considering this discussion of beekeeping management and relating it to any given system of management under observation, it is desirable that the first comparison should be made with the one-sto...
-The Three Clear Brood Nest Systems And Variations Of Them. 1. Use Of A One-Story Brood Chamber All The Year
One of the reasons for using a one-story instead of a two-story Langstroth brood chamber is because it requires a minimum of equipment. If no increase is wanted, two to five extra hive bodies should b...
-2. Use Of A Langstroth Two-Story Brood Chamber All The Year
Modification of the essentials of management as given for a one-story brood chamber is necessary when a two-story brood chamber is to be used all the year. Two-story ten frame hive as used in syste...
-Use Of A Langstroth Two-Story Brood Chamber All The Year. Continued
If the system of management requires requeening during a fall honeyflow and there are several frames of brood in the upper brood chamber, this may be separated from the main brood nest below by the in...
-3. The Use of a Two-Story Brood Chamber Throughout the Year Except During a Honeyflow
When this system is worked properly, the queen is allowed free range, in the spring, of at least two Langstroth hive bodies, perhaps three, the two lower stories being the two brood chambers, containi...
-Forced Supersedure Requeening Without Dequeening
A variation of this No. 3 system is much used in localities having a long honeyflow. Either at the time of putting up brood, or a week later after most of the brood is sealed, the upper brood chamber,...
-Chapter V. The Clear Brood Nest Method For. Comb Honey
Nothing so complete and so worthy of serious study has been written on the subject of comb honey as United States Farmers' Bulletin 1039, Commercial Comb Honey Production, by Geo. S. Demuth. It is the...
-Producing Limited Quantities Of Bulk Comb. Honey At Low Cost
I worked out this plan for myself in California, and then found other people using the same plan. It is always good. The producer of extracted honey has his regular equipment, and all that he needs b...
-Section Comp Honey
When producing section honey, a different mechanical set-up is necessary but the principles of production are exactly the same. Full sheets at top of the sections, and starter strips at the bottom ...
-Chapter VI. How To Use The Shallow Food Chamber With The Clear Brood Nest
To use shallow food chambers successfully with Langstroth hives is one of the difficult problems of beekeeping, and perhaps the best way has not yet been found; but the use of the one-story clear broo...
-How To Use The Shallow Food Chamber With The Clear Brood Nest. Continued
In the management of the Modified Dadant hive, it is usual to winter the bees with a solidly full shallow super of honey, preferably with a top entrance in the brood chamber, the lower entrance closed...
-Chapter VII. Selective Breeding, Requeening, And Making Increase
The methods of selective breeding, making increase, swarm control, cell getting, queen mating, and requeening, given here are practical procedures for the honey getter and there are but few honey-prod...
-Maintenance Of Colony Balance In Requeening
In normal requeening, brood rearing slows up or ceases altogether, and a point is reached where there are no very young larvae and little production of larval food. The normal balance of the colony is...
-Supersedure In Package Bee Colonies
The same principle is, of course, a large factor in the Supersedure of colonies from package bees. Such a colony is, practically, equivalent to a natural swarm which, in normal conditions, finds a hom...
-The Rauchfuss System Of Selective Breeding And Queen Rearing
This system combines well with the clear brood nest method of management, and provides-swarm control and increase as well as queen rearing. In the spring, go over the apiaries quickly and mark about ...
-The Dr. Miller Method Of Cell Getting
Prepare a standard frame with three triangular pieces of foundation about two inches wide at the top and reaching two-thirds of the way to the bottom bar. Put it in the hive of a breeding queen. To av...
-Summary
If no other books on bees were available, the subjects covered in this book might be discussed more fully and in detail. My purpose, however, is not to provide a manual of beekeeping practice but to c...
-Appendix. Recommended Books
In the preface to this Second Edition of HONEY GETTING, I refer to my second book, SCIENTIFIC BEEKEEPING, which was the first book on the behavior of the bee colony as affected by Thermodynamics. It s...









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previous page: Better Beekeeping Or How We Made Bees Pay | D. F. Rankin
  
page up: Bees, Bee Keeping and Honey Making
  
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