Treads And Risers

Measure per foot super. State their respective thicknesses, how put together, and, if prepared for close or cut strings, include the rough fir carriages and state their scantlings. The dimensions will be the girth by the width. The girth may be readily ascertained as follows. To the nett length occupied by the fliers on plain add 1 inch for every rounded nosing, and 1 1/2 inch for every moulded nosing. If details are supplied, the correct allowance for nosings can be ascertained by actual measurement.

Winders And Risers

Measure per foot super. These must be measured in two operations. First measure the nett length by the width on plan, then take the collected length of the risers, by the rise, plus the allowance for nosing. Describe them as cross-tongued.

The following example shows how the stairs illustrated in Fig. 30 should be "taken off":-

5.3

12

9

63 ins.

7" rise.

4.6

7/7"

=

4.1

Nosings 6/ 1"

=

6

9.1

9.1

1 1/4" T. and 1" R., including rounded nosings, rebated and grooved together, glued, blocked, and bracketed on, and including No. 2, 3" + 4 1/2" fir carriages.

3.0

27.3

3.0

1 1/4" cross-tongued winders, and 1" risers, and do. do., all as last described.

3.0

9.0

3.0

rise 7"

3.6

3.6

nosing 1"

10.0

10.0

8"

8

6.8

15.8

Bull-Nose Or Curtail End To Bottom Step

Number, and describe as "Curtail (or Bull-Nose, as the case may be) end to bottom step, and blocked and veneered riser."

Bull Nose Or Curtail End To Bottom Step 60Bull Nose Or Curtail End To Bottom Step 61

Fig. 30.

Landing

Measure per foot super. State thickness, and describe as cross-tongued, and include bearers, stating their size.

Wall String

Measure per foot run. State thickness, and describe. Include backings, and state if plugged. Keep ramped string separate.

Mitres

Number.

Heading Joints

Number.

Short Ramps (i.e. where the raking string meets the straight on a landing). Number as "Extra for," and include the heading joints.

Close Outer String

Measure per foot run. State thickness, and describe.

Framed Ends

Number.

Framed Ends On Splay

Number.

Ends Of Steps (State Whether With Rounded Or Moulded Nosings) Housed To Strings (Step Includes Tread And Riser)

Number.

Ends Of Winders And Risers Housed To Strings

Number.

Ends Of Risers Only Housed To Strings

Number.

Cut And Mitred Outer String

Measure per foot run. State thickness, and describe.

Cut And Mitred Outer String Wreathed

Measure per foot run, and state thickness; or if to a small radius, number it, state the length and radius, and include the heading joints.

Heading Joints

Number.

Ends Framed On Splay

Number.

Short Lengths Of Rounded (Or Moulded) Nosing, Tongued And Mitred To Treads And Returned At One End

Number.

Cut Brackets

Number and sketch, state thickness.

Newels

Measure per foot run. Call them framed, and describe them.

Turnings To Newels

Number, and state average length.

Ends Turned As Finials, Or Shaped And Turned, As The Case May Be

Number and sketch, stating length. Ends turned as Pendants. - As to finials. Ends of Treads (state whether with rounded or moulded nosings), notched and fitted to Newels.-Number.

Ends Of Risers Housed To Newels

Number. Ends of Winders (state whether with rounded or moulded nosings), notched and fitted to Newels.-Number.

Risers To Winders, Housed To Newels

Number. Handrail. - Measure per foot run, and describe, including dowelled heading joints and handrail screw; or the heading joints may be separately numbered. Handrail, Wreathed. - Measure per foot run.

Risers To Winders Housed To Newels 62Risers To Winders Housed To Newels 63

Fig. 31.

Short Ramps and Wreaths may be numbered, and length and radius given, and the heading joints with the straight included.

Framed Ends

Number.

Framed Ends On Splay

Number.

Ends cut and pinned to wall and plaster made good. Number.

Note

To measure a wreath (see Fig. 31), take the length A to B round the curve on plan, and set it out on a straight line AB. Set up the rise AC perpendicular to AB. CB will be length of wreath.

Balusters

Number and give size, description, and length, or average length, and describe the framings, as, e.g., "one end housed to deal string and one end to mahogany handrail." Keep those housed on splay separate, and so describe them.