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Scientific American Vol XXIV. No. 12. March 18, 1871



Vol XXIV. No. 12. March 18, 1871. A weekly journal of practical information, art, science, mechanics, chemistry, and manufactures.

TitleScientific American Vol XXIV. No. 12. March 18, 1871
AuthorMunn & Co.
PublisherMunn & Co.
Year1871
Copyright1871, Munn & Co.
AmazonScientific American Science Desk Reference

Scientific American. A Weekly Journal Of Practical Information, Art, Science, Mechanics, Chemistry, And Manufactures. New York, March 18, 1871

Issue Title.

Vol XXIV. No. 12 [New Series.]

$3.20 per Annum. [Postage Prepaid.]

Scientific American

Established 1845.

Munn & Co., Editors and Proprietors.

Published Weekly At No. 37 Park Row, New York.

O. D. Munn. A. E. Beach.

-The Influence Of Intense Cold On Steel And Iron. [Condensed From Nature.]
There has recently been a most interesting discussion at the Literary and Philosophical Society, Manchester, on the above subject. The paper which gave rise to the discussion was by Mr. Brockbank, wh...
-Oak Graining In Oil Colors. Condensed From The Building News
There is a charm and feeling about work executed by the hand, which gives it a value no mere machine work can possess. Machine work, from its very nature, necessitates a repetition of pattern, which c...
-Knots And Splices
1. Turn used in making up ropes. 2. End tapered for the purpose of passing it readily through a loop. To make this, we unlay the rope for the necessary length, reducing a rope diminishing in di...
-Knots And Splices. Continued
40. Belaying-pin opened to serve as a button; these are used where it is necessary to stop or check velocity. 41. Chain knot, or fastening. 42. Variable or regulating lashing. By laying the piece...
-The Hartford Steam Boiler Inspection And Insurance Company
The Hartford Steam Boiler Inspection and Insurance Company makes the following report of its inspections in January, 1871: During the month, there were 522 visits of inspection made, and 1,030 boiler...
-Improved Compound Spiral Car Spring For Railway Carriages
Our engravings illustrate an improved compound car-spring, which appears to possess all the requisites of a first-class spring, combining in its construction extreme simplicity with great strength, an...
-Pott's Spiral Car Spring For Railway Carriages
The case is cast in two pieces. Its vertical wall is cast in a single piece, and has at the top a flange or bead extending inwardly, against which the compressing plate abuts when the spring is not co...
-Portable Writing And Copying Case
This device is the invention of A. G. Buzby, of Philadelphia, Pa. It is a combined writing and copying case. Besides the usual recesses or chambers for pen, ink, paper, etc., it is provided with a...
-How Walking Sticks Are Made
Sticks are manufactured both from large timber of from two to six feet girth, and from small underwood of about the thickness of a man's thumb. The timber, which is chiefly beech, is first sawed into ...
-Flowering Of The Victoria Regia In The Open Air
Joseph Mager, Esq., has succeeded in flowering the Victoria lily, in his pond in England. The pond is perfectly open, but the water is heated by hot water pipes coming from a boiler near the pond, car...
-Ventilation Of The Liverpool Tunnel
This tunnel, which forms an ascending incline of a mile and a quarter length from the terminal station in Lime-street London and N. W. Railroad, was worked until recently by a rope and stationary engi...
-Impregnating Wood With Tar Or Other Preserving Material
The preservation of wood is a problem which is attracting increased attention, as year by year diminishes the material supply of timber, and consequently gradually increases its price. Among other met...
-Boardman's Combined Tool
This tool, of which our engraving is a good representation, comprises a screw wrench, a pipe wrench, a hammer, a nail claw, a screw-driver, and a bit handle, or socket wrench. The bit handle is th...
-Belt Tightener
This instrument will be found of great service in bringing together the ends of belts, the weight of which is so great that they cannot be held together by the hand while lacing. A strap engages wi...
-Some Things I Don't Want In The Building Trades
I don't want my house put in repair, or rather out of repair, by a master who employs Jacks of all Trades. I don't want my foreman to tell me too much at one time about the faults of the workmen un...
-Action Of The Reciprocating Parts Of Steam Engines
Messrs. Editors: - I have hesitated about the propriety of replying to the criticisms of your correspondent, J. E. Hendricks, upon my paper, on the action of the reciprocating parts of steam engines. ...
-Answer To Practical Problem
Messrs. Editors; - I submit the following solution of Practical Problem on page 147: Given AB, arm, C, arm, D, chord of half angle of oscillation of arm, D, and angles of arms, with line AB. To fi...
-Reciprocating Parts Of Steam Engines
Messrs. Editors: - In one of the late numbers of your journal, you publish a paper, read by Mr. Porter before some learned society in New York, on something about the possibility or practicability of ...
-Test For White Lead
Messrs. Editors: - I have read, with much interest, Dr. Chandler's colorimetric test of the purity of white lead, as published in the Scientific American sometime ago. I enclose another test, which, t...
-How To Build A Chimney
Messrs. Editors: - I am satisfied that a great many fires originate through poorly constructed chimneys; and, although not a bricklayer by trade, I would offer a few hints how to construct a fire-proo...
-Crystallized Honey
Messrs. Editors: - Please allow me to say to the querist who, through your columns, asks what to do with crystalline honey, that if he will doctor it with almost any artificial honey of the day, it ...
-Rambles For Relics. Number II
At a depth of fifteen feet, we were about to suspend our labors, supposing from the nature and uniformly dark color of the earth, that we had reached the surface of the alluvium, when a sign of the in...
-A Small Water Wheel
There is in the town of Meriden, Conn., a Leffel double turbine wheel, running under 240 feet fall and driving a manufactory. It uses only about one-half of a square inch of water, and runs at the mar...
-Silk Culture
BY W. V. ANDREWS. A vague notion that silk culture ought to form one of the industrial pursuits of the American people seems to be prevalent enough; but it does not take practical hold upon anybody. ...
-Silk Culture. Continued
The silk from the Yamamai being considered superior to that produced by any other of the substitute silk moths, great efforts have been made in Europe to acclimatize it; but, it must be confessed, hit...
-Effect Of Cold Upon Iron
The article upon this subject, giving experiments of Fairbairn and others, referred to in our editorial upon the same subject, in our last issue, was crowded out by press of matter. The reader will fi...
-Universal Boring Machine
Our readers will recollect an illustrated description of an universal wood-working machine, published on page 79, Vol. XIII. of the Scientific American. The machine herewith illustrated is manufacture...
-Combined Trunk And Rocking Chair
A unique invention, calculated to increase the comforts of travellers on steamboats, ships, and in crowded rooms of hotels, is illustrated in the engraving published herewith. It is the invention o...
-Cosmetics
The extensive use of preparations for hiding nature's bloom on the human countenance, and presenting to our view a sort of metallic plaster, suggests the inquiry, how are these pigments made? Withou...
-Smith's Infant Dining Chair
The accompanying engraving illustrates a convenient and cheap infant dining chair, which can be attached to any of the ordinary chairs in common use. It consists of a chair without legs, suspended...
-The Medicines Of The Ancients
At the recent commencement of the Homeopathic College in this city, Mr. S. H. Wales, of the Scientific American addressed the graduating class, and from his remarks, we quote the following: Many wri...
-Barnes' Ventilator For Mattresses, Etc
Many diseases are caused by the use of beds not properly aired; and it is difficult, if not impossible, to properly air, or ventilate, a mattress, made in the usual manner. If this could be done more ...
-A Scientific And Technical Awakening
Our English cotemporary, Engineering, appears to have seriously exercised itself in the perusal of our good-natured article on English and American Scientific and Mechanical Engineering Journalism, ...
-The Sherman Process
When people boast of extraordinary successes in processes the details of which are kept profoundly hidden from public scrutiny, and when the evidences of success are presented in the doubtful form of ...
-Rubber Tires For Traction Engines
When it was first discovered that a smooth-faced driving wheel, running on a smooth-faced rail, would bite, the era of iron railways and locomotive engines may be said to have fairly commenced. The ...
-Central Shaft Of The Hoosac Tunnel
As many of our readers have evinced much interest and ingenuity on the question of the propriety of placing reliance upon the accuracy of dropping a perpendicular from the top to the bottom of a shaft...
-A Museum Of Art And Natural History
Our recent articles on Scientific Destitution in New York and The Scientific Value of the Central Park, have called forth numerous letters from correspondents, and have been extensively noticed by...
-Report Of The Judges Of Group 1, Department V. Of The Exhibition Of The American Institute For 1870. The Allen Engine
The labors of the judges in this department were much lighter in the last exhibition than in the preceding one, and we are happy to say, were, in our opinion, so far as the award of premiums is concer...
-Lyceum Of Natural History
There was an unusually large attendance of members at the meeting of the Lyceum of Natural History, on Monday evening, the 6th inst., to listen to an address by Professor B. Waterhouse Hawkins, on the...
-Warming And Ventilation Of Railroad Cars
There has been enough of denunciation against the present general method of warming and ventilating railway cars. It produces no effect on the corporations who could, if they would, adopt appliances t...
-The Mineral Resources Of Missouri
The incalculable wealth, which lies hid in the bosom of Mother Earth, in our vast possessions of the West, is undoubtedly centered in the State of Missouri; and the development of this fund of riches ...
-Scientific Intelligence
According to Petermann's Mittheilungen, the new German empire, including Alsatia and Lorraine, will embrace 9,901 square miles, with 40,148,209 inhabitants. Russia alone will exceed it in extent and p...
-American Institute Of Mining Engineers
A circular has been issued by several mining engineers, proposing a meeting at Wilkes-Barre, some time in April or May next, of all persons interested in the general subjects of mining and metallurgy,...
-Consumption Of Sugar, Coffee, And Tea
E. Behm gives in his geographical year book, for 1870, the following estimate of the consumption of sugar, coffee, and tea, per capita, in various countries: COUNTRIES. Sugar, lbs. Coffee, lbs. Tea...
-Unpleasant Discovery In The Patent Office - Levying Black Mail
The Patent Office has been, during the past week, in a high state of excitement, occasioned by the discovery of the operations of E. W. W. Griffin, clerk in charge of the draftsmen's division, who, i...
-Louisiana State Fair
The fifth State fair of the Mechanics, and Agricultural Fair Association of Louisiana will commence in the city of New Orleans, on Saturday, April 8, 1871, and continue nine days. Over $20,000 in prem...
-Knitted Goods
John Kent advertises, in this paper, valuable machinery for the manufacture of knitted goods, to which we invite the attention of all who are interested in this branch of industry. Mr. Kent has devote...
-New Books And Publications
A Complete Guide for Coach Painters. Translated from the French of M. Arlot, Coach Painter, for Eleven Years Foreman of Painting to M. Eherler, Coach Maker, Paris. By A. A. Fesquet, Chemist and Engine...
-Business and Personal
The Charge for Insertion under this head is One Dollar a Line. If the Notices exceed Four Lines, One Dollar and a Half per Line will be charged. The paper that meets the eye of manufacturers throu...
-Answers to Correspondents
CORRESPONDENTS who expect to receive answers to their letters must, in all cases, sign their names. We have a right to know those who seek information from us; besides, as sometimes happens, we may...
-Applications For Extension Of Patents
Harvesters William T. B. Read, Chicago, Ill., has petitioned for an extension of the above patent. Day of hearing, May 17, 1871. Mode Of Fastening Sheet Metal On Roofs, Etc Asa Johnson, Brooklyn, N...
-Instructions. How To Obtain Letters-Patent For New Inventions. Information About Caveats, Extensions, Interferences, Designs, Trade-Marks, And Foreign Patents
For Twenty-five years, Munn & Co. have occupied the leading position of Solicitors of American and European Patents. During this long experience they have examined not less than Fifty Thousand Inventi...
-Recent Patents
Under this heading we shall publish weekly notes of some of the more prominent home and foreign patents. Self-Acting Shackle And Car Brake Lyman Alphonzo Russell, Shrewsbury, Vt. - This invention...
-Queries
[We present herewith a series of inquiries embracing a variety of topics of greater or less general interest. The questions are simple, it is true, but we prefer to elicit practical answers from ou...
-Inventions Patented In England By Americans
[Compiled from the Commissioners of Patents' Journal.] APPLICATIONS FOR LETTERS PATENT. 350 Breech-loading Fire-arms. - Eli Whitney, New Haven, Conn. February 10, 1871. 352 Governor. - Stilliman ...
-Official Lists of Patents. Issued By The U. S. Patent Office. For The Week Ending March 7, 1871. Reported Officially For The Scientific American
SCHEDULE OF PATENT FEES On each Caveat $10 On each Trade-Mark $25 On filing each application for a Patent, (seventeen years) $15 On issuing each original Patent $20 On appeal to Examiner...
-Reissues
4,287 Treating Fruits to Dry, Saccharify, and Preserve Them. - Charles Alden, Newburg, assignor of part interest to Alden Fruit Preserving Company, New York city. Patent No. 100,835, dated March 5, 1...
-Designs
4,694 Picture Frame. - John H. Bellamy, Charlestown, Mass. 4,695 Bell Crank and Escutcheon. - Pietro Cinquini, West Meriden, Conn., assignor to Parker & Whipple Company. 4,696 Pedestal for a Cake...
-Trade-Marks
182 Hat. - Nathan A. Baldwin, Milford, Conn., James H. Prentice, Brooklyn, and John R. Waller, New York city. 183 Spool Cotton. - Lewis Coleman & Co., Boston, Mass. 184 Salve. - Robert Dobbins, ...
-Extensions
Wagons Edgar Huson, Ithaca, N. Y. Letters Patent No. 16,648, dated February 17, 1857; reissue No. 2,500, dated March 5, 1867. Operating Valve Of Steam Engine Samuel R. Wilmot, Bridgeport, Conn. Let...
-Disclaimer
Solar Camera David A. Woodward, Baltimore, Md. Letters Patent No. 16,700, dated February 24, 1857; reissue No. 2,311, dated July 10, 1866. Filed February 23, 1871. City Subscribers The Scientific A...
-Advertisements
The value of the Scientific American as an advertising medium cannot be over-estimated. Its circulation is ten times greater than that of any similar journal now published. It goes into all the Sta...
-Advertisements. Part 2
1826 USE THE VEGETABLEPULMONARY BALSAM. 1870 The old standard remedy for Coughs, Colds, Consumption. Nothing Better. Cutler Bros. & Co., Boston. T HE CALVERT IRON ROLLING MILLS are offered ...
-Advertisements. Part 3
Union Emery Wheels. Solid and with Stone Center. UNION STONE CO., Boston, Mass. Branch Office, 93 Liberty st., N. Y. General Agents for the Am. Twist Drill Co.'s Superior Grinder and other Emery Whee...
-Advertisements. Part 4
Address GEORGE PLACE & CO., 126 and 128 Chamber St., New York. T he Union Iron Mills, Pittsburgh, Pa. The attention of Engineers and Architects is called to our improved Wrought-iron Beams a...
-Advertisements. Part 5
RUMPFF & LUTZ, I MPORTERS and Manufacturers of Aniline Colors and Dyestuffs, Colors for Paperhangers and Stainers. Reliable recipes for Dyeing and Printing on Silk, Wool, and Cotton. All new improv...
-Advertisements. Part 6
Pulley Blocks, The celebrated Doyle Blocks have taken premiums over the differential Blocks of all other makers at every Fair where they have been exhibited at the same time. When you buy, see that t...









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