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Wild Flowers Worth Knowing | by Neltje Blanchan



The book is offered in the hope that many more people will find the wild flowers in Nature's garden all about us well worth knowing. For flowers have distinct objects in life and are everything they are for the most justifiable of reasons, i.e., the perpetuation and the improvement of their species. The means they employ to accomplish these ends are so various and so consummately clever that, in learning to understand them, we are brought to realize how similar they are to the fundamental aims of even the human race.

TitleWild Flowers Worth Knowing
AuthorNeltje Blanchan
PublisherNeltje Blanchan
Year1917
Copyright1917
AmazonWild Flowers Worth Knowing
-Preface
A still more popular edition of what has proved to the author to be a surprisingly popular book, has been prepared by the able hand of Mr. Asa Don Dickinson, ...
-Broad-leaved Arrow-head
WATER-PLANTAIN FAMILY - Alismaceae: Broad-leaved Arrow-head Sagittaria latifolia (S. variabilis) Flowers--White, 1 to 1-1/2 in. wide, in 3-bracted whorls of 3, ...
-Jack-in-the-Pulpit; Indian Turnip
ARUM FAMILY - Araceae: Jack-in-the-Pulpit; Indian Turnip Arisaema triphyllum Flowers--Minute, greenish yellow, clustered on the lower part of a smooth, club- ...
-Skunk or Swamp Cabbage
ARUM FAMILY - Araceae: Skunk or Swamp Cabbage Symplocarpus foetidus Flowers--Minute, perfect, foetid; many scattered over a thick, rounded, fleshy spadix, and ...
-Virginia, or Common Day-flower
SPIDERWORT FAMILY - Commelinaceae: Virginia, or Common Day-flower Commelina virginica Flowers--Blue, 1 in. broad or less, irregular, grouped at end of stem, ...
-Pickerel Weed
PICKEREL-WEED FAMILY - Pontederiaceae: Pickerel Weed Pontederia cordata Flowers--Bright purplish blue, including filaments, anthers, and style; crowded in a ...
-American White Hellebore; Indian Poke; Itch-weed
LILY FAMILY - Liliaceae: American White Hellebore; Indian Poke; Itch-weed Veratrum viride Flowers--Dingy, pale yellowish or whitish green, growing greener with ...
-Wild Yellow, Meadow, or Field Lily; Canada Lily
LILY FAMILY - Liliaceae: Wild Yellow, Meadow, or Field Lily; Canada Lily Lilium canadense Flowers--Yellow to orange-red, of a deeper shade within, and speckled ...
-Red, Wood, Flame, or Philadelphia Lily
LILY FAMILY - Liliaceae: Red, Wood, Flame, or Philadelphia Lily Lilium philadelphicum Flowers--Erect, tawny, or red-tinted outside; vermilion, or sometimes ...
-Yellow Adder's Tongue; Trout Lily; Dog-tooth "Violet"
LILY FAMILY - Liliaceae: Yellow Adder's Tongue; Trout Lily; Dog-tooth Violet Erythronium americanum Flower--Solitary, pale russet yellow, rarely tinged with ...
-Yellow Clintonia
LILY FAMILY - Liliaceae: Yellow Clintonia Clintonia borealis Flowers--Straw color or greenish yellow, less than 1 in. long, 3 to 6 nodding on slender pedicels ...
-Wild Spikenard; False Solomon's Seal; Solomon's Zig-zag
LILY FAMILY - Liliaceae: Wild Spikenard; False Solomon's Seal; Solomon's Zig-zag Smilacina racemosa Flowers--White or greenish, small, slightly fragrant, in a ...
-Hairy, or True, or Twin-flowered Solomon's Seal
LILY FAMILY - Liliaceae: Hairy, or True, or Twin-flowered Solomon's Seal Polygonatum biflorum Flowers--Whitish or yellowish green, tubular, bell-shaped, 1 to 4, ...
-Early or Dwarf Wake-Robin
LILY FAMILY - Liliaceae: Early or Dwarf Wake-Robin Trillium nivale Flowers--Solitary, pure white, about 1 in. long, on an erect or curved peduncle, from a ...
-Purple Trillium, Ill-scented Wake-Robin, or Birth-root
LILY FAMILY - Liliaceae: Purple Trillium, Ill-scented Wake-Robin, or Birth-root Trillium erectum Flowers--Solitary, dark, dull purple, or purplish red; rarely ...
-Carrion-flower
LILY FAMILY - Liliaceae: Carrion-flower Smilax herbacea Flowers--Carrion-scented, yellowish-green, 15 to 80 small, 6-parted ones clustered in an umbel on a ...
-Yellow Star-grass
AMARYLLIS FAMILY - Amaryllidaceae: Yellow Star-grass Hypoxis hirsuta (H. erecta) Flowers--Bright yellow within, greenish and hairy outside, about 1/2 in.
-Larger Blue Flag; Blue Iris; Fleur-de-lis; Flower-de-luce
IRIS FAMILY - Iridaceae: Larger Blue Flag; Blue Iris; Fleur-de-lis; Flower-de-luce Iris versicolor Flowers--Several, 2 to 3 in. long, violet-blue variegated ...
-Blackberry Lily
IRIS FAMILY - Iridaceae: Blackberry Lily Belamcanda chinensis (Pardanthus chinensis) Flowers--Deep orange color, speckled irregularly with crimson and purple ...
-Pointed Blue-eyed Grass; Eye-bright; Blue Star
IRIS FAMILY - Iridaceae: Pointed Blue-eyed Grass; Eye-bright; Blue Star Sisyrinchium angustifolium Flowers--From blue to purple, with a yellow centre; a ...
-Large Yellow Lady's Slipper; Whippoorwill's Shoe; Yellow Moccasin Flower
ORCHIS FAMILY - Orchidaceae: Large Yellow Lady's Slipper; Whippoorwill's Shoe; Yellow Moccasin Flower Cypripedium pubescens (C. hirsutum) Flower--Solitary, ...
-Moccasin Flower; Pink, Venus', or Stemless Lady's Slipper
ORCHIS FAMILY - Orchidaceae: Moccasin Flower; Pink, Venus', or Stemless Lady's Slipper Cypripedium acaule Flowers--Fragrant, solitary, large, showy, drooping ...
-Showy, Gay, or Spring Orchis
ORCHIS FAMILY - Orchidaceae: Showy, Gay, or Spring Orchis Orchis spectabilis Flowers--Purplish pink, of deeper and lighter shade, the lower lip white, and ...
-Large, or Early, Purple-fringed Orchis
ORCHIS FAMILY - Orchidaceae: Large, or Early, Purple-fringed Orchis Habenaria fimbriata (H. grandiflora) Flowers--Pink-purple and pale lilac, sometimes nearly ...
-White-fringed Orchis
ORCHIS FAMILY - Orchidaceae: White-fringed Orchis Habenaria blephariglottis Flowers--Pure white, fragrant, borne on a spike from 3 to 6 in. long. Spur long, ...
-Yellow-fringed Orchis
ORCHIS FAMILY - Orchidaceae: Yellow-fringed Orchis Habenaria ciliaris Flowers--Bright yellow or orange, borne in a showy, closely set, oblong spike, 3 to 6 in.
-Calopogon; Grass Pink
ORCHIS FAMILY - Orchidaceae: Calopogon; Grass Pink Calopogon pulchellus (Limodorum tuberosum) Flowers--Purplish pink, 1 in. long, 3 to 15 around a long, loose ...
-Arethusa; Indian Pink
ORCHIS FAMILY - Orchidaceae: Arethusa; Indian Pink Arethusa bulbosa Flowers--1 to 2 in. long, bright purple pink, solitary, violet scented, rising from between ...
-Nodding Ladies' Tresses or Traces
ORCHIS FAMILY - Orchidaceae: Nodding Ladies' Tresses or Traces Spiranthes cernua Flowers--Small, white or yellowish, without a spur, fragrant, nodding or ...
-Common Persicaria, Pink Knotweed, or Jointweed; Smartweed
BUCKWHEAT FAMILY - Polygonaceae: Common Persicaria, Pink Knotweed, or Jointweed; Smartweed Polygonum pennsylvanicum Flowers--Very small, pink, collected in ...
-Pokeweed; Scoke; Pigeon-berry; Ink-berry; Garget
POKEWEED FAMILY - Phytolaccaceae: Pokeweed; Scoke; Pigeon-berry; Ink-berry; Garget Phytolacca decandra Flowers--White, with a green centre, pink tinted outside, ...
-Common Chickweed
PINK FAMILY - Caryophyllaceae: Common Chickweed Stellaria media (Alsine media) Flowers--Small, white, on slender pedicels from leaf axils, also in terminal ...
-Corn Cockle; Corn Rose; Corn or Red Campion; Crown-of-the-Field
PINK FAMILY - Caryophyllaceae: Corn Cockle; Corn Rose; Corn or Red Campion; Crown-of-the-Field Agrostemma Githago Flowers--Magenta or bright purplish crimson, ...
-Starry Campion
PINK FAMILY - Caryophyllaceae: Starry Campion Silene stellata Flowers--White, about 1/2 in. broad or over, loosely clustered in a showy, pyramidal panicle.
-Wild Pink or Catchfly
PINK FAMILY - Caryophyllaceae: Wild Pink or Catchfly Silene pennsylvanica (S. caroliniana) Flowers--Rose pink, deep or very pale; about 1 inch broad, on ...
-Soapwort; Bouncing Bet; Hedge Pink; Bruisewort; Old Maid's Pink; Fuller's Herb
PINK FAMILY - Caryophyllaceae: Soapwort; Bouncing Bet; Hedge Pink; Bruisewort; Old Maid's Pink; Fuller's Herb Saponaria officinalis Flowers--Pink or whitish, ...
-Spring Beauty; Claytonia
PURSLANE FAMILY - Portulacaceae: Spring Beauty; Claytonia Claytonia virginica Flowers--White veined with pink, or all pink, the veinings of deeper shade, on ...
-Large Yellow Pond, or Water, Lily; Cow Lily; Spatterdock
WATER-LILY FAMILY - Nymphaeaceae: Large Yellow Pond, or Water, Lily; Cow Lily; Spatterdock Nymphaea advena (Nuphar advena) Flowers--Yellow or greenish outside, ...
-Sweet-scented White Water-lily; Pond Lily; Water Nymph; Water Cabbage
WATER-LILY FAMILY - Nymphaeaceae: Sweet-scented White Water-lily; Pond Lily; Water Nymph; Water Cabbage Castalia odorata (Nymphaea odorata) Flowers--Pure white ...
-Common Meadow Buttercup; Tall Crowfoot; Kingcups; Cuckoo Flower; Goldcups; Butter-flowers; Blister-flowers
CROWFOOT FAMILY - Ranunculaceae: Common Meadow Buttercup; Tall Crowfoot; Kingcups; Cuckoo Flower; Goldcups; Butter-flowers; Blister-flowers Ranunculus acris ...
-Tall Meadow-rue
CROWFOOT FAMILY - Ranunculaceae: Tall Meadow-rue Thalictrum polygamum (T. Cornuti) Flowers--Greenish white, the calyx of 4 or 5 sepals, falling early; no ...
-Liver-leaf; Hepatica; Liverwort; Round-lobed, or Kidney Liver-leaf; Noble Liverwort; Squirrel Cup
CROWFOOT FAMILY - Ranunculaceae: Liver-leaf; Hepatica; Liverwort; Round-lobed, or Kidney Liver-leaf; Noble Liverwort; Squirrel Cup Hepatica triloba (H.
-Wood Anemone; Wind-flower
CROWFOOT FAMILY - Ranunculaceae: Wood Anemone; Wind-flower Anemone quinquefolia Flowers--Solitary, about 1 in. broad, white or delicately tinted with blue or ...
-Virgin's Bower; Virginia Clematis; Traveller's Joy; Old Man's Beard
CROWFOOT FAMILY - Ranunculaceae: Virgin's Bower; Virginia Clematis; Traveller's Joy; Old Man's Beard Clematis virginiana Flowers--White and greenish, about 1 ...
-Marsh Marigold; Meadow-gowan; American Cowslip
CROWFOOT FAMILY - Ranunculaceae: Marsh Marigold; Meadow-gowan; American Cowslip Caltha palustris Flowers--Bright, shining yellow, 1 to 1-1/2 in. across, a few ...
-Gold-thread; Canker-root
CROWFOOT FAMILY - Ranunculaceae: Gold-thread; Canker-root Coptis trifolia Flowers--Small, white, solitary, on a slender scape 3 to 6 in. high. Sepals 5 to 7, ...
-Wild Columbine
CROWFOOT FAMILY - Ranunculaceae: Wild Columbine Aquilegia canadensis Flower--Red outside, yellow within, irregular, 1 to 2 in. long, solitary, nodding from a ...
-Black Cohosh; Black Snakeroot; Tall Bugbane
CROWFOOT FAMILY - Ranunculaceae: Black Cohosh; Black Snakeroot; Tall Bugbane Cimicifuga racemosa Flowers--Foetid, feathery, white, in an elongated wand-like ...
-White Baneberry; Cohosh
CROWFOOT FAMILY - Ranunculaceae: White Baneberry; Cohosh Actaea alba Flowers--Small, white, in a terminal oblong raceme. Calyx of 3 to 5 petal-like, early- ...
-May Apple; Hog Apple; Mandrake; Wild Lemon
BARBERRY FAMILY - Berberidaceae: May Apple; Hog Apple; Mandrake; Wild Lemon Podophyllum peltatum Flowers--White, solitary, large, unpleasantly scented, nodding ...
-Barberry; Pepperidge-bush
BARBERRY FAMILY - Berberidaceae: Barberry; Pepperidge-bush Berberis vulgaris Flowers--Yellow, small, odor disagreeable, 6-parted, borne in drooping, many- ...
-Bloodroot; Indian Paint; Red Puccoon
POPPY FAMILY - Papaveraceae: Bloodroot; Indian Paint; Red Puccoon Sanguinaria canadensis Flowers--Pure white, rarely pinkish, golden centred, 1 to 1-1/2 in.
-Greater Celandine; Swallow-wort
POPPY FAMILY - Papaveraceae: Greater Celandine; Swallow-wort Chelidonium majus Flowers--Lustreless yellow, about 1/2 in. across, on slender pedicels, in a ...
-Dutchman's Breeches; White Hearts; Soldier's Cap; Ear-drops
FUMITORY FAMILY - Fumariaceae: Dutchman's Breeches; White Hearts; Soldier's Cap; Ear-drops Dicentra Cucullaria Flowers--White, tipped with yellow, nodding in a ...
-Squirrel Corn
FUMITORY FAMILY - Fumariaceae: Squirrel Corn Dicentra canadensis Flowers--Irregular, greenish white tinged with rose, slightly fragrant, heart-shaped, with 2 ...
-Shepherd's Purse; Mother's Heart
MUSTARD FAMILY - Cruciferae: Shepherd's Purse; Mother's Heart Capsella Bursa-pastoris Flowers--Small, white, in a long, loose raceme, followed by triangular ...
-Black Mustard
MUSTARD FAMILY - Cruciferae: Black Mustard Brassica nigra Flowers--Bright yellow, fading pale, 1/4 to 1/2 in. across, 4-parted, in elongated racemes; quickly ...
-Pitcher-plant; Side-saddle Flower; Huntsman's Cup; Indian Dipper
PITCHER-PLANT FAMILY - Sarracenaceae: Pitcher-plant; Side-saddle Flower; Huntsman's Cup; Indian Dipper Sarracenea purpurea Flower--Deep reddish purple, ...
-Round-leaved Sundew; Dew-plant
SUNDEW FAMILY - Droseraceae: Round-leaved Sundew; Dew-plant Drosera rotundifolia Flowers--Small, white, growing in a 1-sided, curved raceme of buds chiefly.
-Early Saxifrage
SAXIFRAGE FAMILY - Saxifragaceae: Early Saxifrage Saxifraga virginiensis Flowers--White, small, numerous, perfect, spreading into a loose panicle. Calyx 5- ...
-Foam-flower; False Miterwort; Cool wort; Nancy-over-the-Ground
SAXIFRAGE FAMILY - Saxifragaceae: Foam-flower; False Miterwort; Cool wort; Nancy-over-the-Ground Tiarella cordifolia Flowers--White, small, feathery, borne in ...
-Grass of Parnassus
SAXIFRAGE FAMILY - Saxifragaceae: Grass of Parnassus Parnassia caroliniana Flowers--Creamy white, delicately veined with greenish, solitary, 1 in. broad or ...
-Witch-hazel
WITCH-HAZEL FAMILY - Hamamelidaceae: Witch-hazel Hamamelis virginiana Flowers--Yellow, fringy, clustered in the axils of branches. Calyx 4-parted; 4 very ...
-Hardhack; Steeple Bush
ROSE FAMILY - Rosaceae: Hardhack; Steeple Bush Spiraea tomentosa Flowers--Pink or magenta, rarely white, very small, in dense, pyramidal clusters. Calyx of 5 ...
-Meadow-sweet; Quaker Lady; Queen-of-the-Meadow
ROSE FAMILY - Rosaceae: Meadow-sweet; Quaker Lady; Queen-of-the-Meadow Spiraea salicifolia Flowers--Small, white, or flesh pink, clustered in dense, pyramidal ...
-Common Hawthorn; White Thorn; Scarlet-fruited Thorn; Red Haw; Mayflower
ROSE FAMILY - Rosaceae: Common Hawthorn; White Thorn; Scarlet-fruited Thorn; Red Haw; Mayflower Crataegus coccinea Flowers--White, rarely pinkish, usually less ...
-Five-finger; Common Cinquefoil
ROSE FAMILY - Rosaceae: Five-finger; Common Cinquefoil Potentilla canadensis Flowers--Yellow, 1/4 to 1/2 in. across, growing singly on long peduncles from the ...
-High Bush Blackberry; Bramble
ROSE FAMILY - Rosaceae: High Bush Blackberry; Bramble Rubus villosus Flowers--White, 1 in. or less across, in terminal raceme-like clusters. Calyx deeply 5- ...
-Purple-flowering or Virginia Raspberry
ROSE FAMILY - Rosaceae: Purple-flowering or Virginia Raspberry Rubus odoratus Flowers--Royal purple or bluish pink, showy, fragrant, 1 to 2 in. broad, loosely ...
-Wild Roses
ROSE FAMILY - Rosaceae: Wild Roses Rosa Just as many members of the lily tribe show a preference for the rule of three in the arrangements of their floral ...
-Wild or American Senna
PULSE FAMILY - Leguminosae: Wild or American Senna Cassia marylandica Flowers--Yellow, about 3/4 in. broad, numerous, in short axillary clusters on the upper ...
-Wild Indigo; Yellow or Indigo Broom; Horsefly Weed
PULSE FAMILY - Leguminosae: Wild Indigo; Yellow or Indigo Broom; Horsefly Weed Baptisia tinctoria Flowers--Bright yellow, papilionaceous, about 1/2 in. long, ...
-Wild Lupine; Old Maid's Bonnets; Wild Pea; Sun Dial
PULSE FAMILY - Leguminosae: Wild Lupine; Old Maid's Bonnets; Wild Pea; Sun Dial Lupinus perennis Flowers--Vivid blue, very rarely pink or white, butterfly- ...
-Common Red, Purple, Meadow, or Honeysuckle Clover
PULSE FAMILY - Leguminosae: Common Red, Purple, Meadow, or Honeysuckle Clover Trifolium pratense Flowers--Magenta, pink, or rarely whitish, sweet-scented, the ...
-White Sweet Clover; Bokhara or Tree Clover; White Melilot; Honey Lotus
PULSE FAMILY - Leguminosae: White Sweet Clover; Bokhara or Tree Clover; White Melilot; Honey Lotus Melilotus alba Flowers--Small, white, fragrant, ...
-Blue, Tufted, or Cow Vetch or Tare; Cat Peas; Tinegrass
PULSE FAMILY - Leguminosae: Blue, Tufted, or Cow Vetch or Tare; Cat Peas; Tinegrass Vicia Cracca Flowers--Blue, later purple; 1/2 in. long, growing downward in ...
-Ground-nut
PULSE FAMILY - Leguminosae: Ground-nut Apios tuberosa (A. Apios) Flowers--Fragrant, chocolate brown and reddish purple, numerous, about 1/2 in. long, clustered ...
-Wild or Hog Peanut
PULSE FAMILY - Leguminosae: Wild or Hog Peanut Amphicarpa monoica (Falcata comosa) Flowers--Numerous small, showy ones, borne in drooping clusters from axils ...
-White or True Wood-sorrel; Alleluia
WOOD-SORREL FAMILY - Oxalidaceae: White or True Wood-sorrel; Alleluia Oxalis acetosella Flowers--White or delicate pink, veined with deep pink, about 1/2 in.
-Violet Wood-sorrel
WOOD-SORREL FAMILY - Oxalidaceae: Violet Wood-sorrel Oxalis violacea Flowers--Pinkish purple, lavender, or pale magenta; less than 1 in. long; borne on slender ...
-Wild or Spotted Geranium or Crane's-Bill; Alum-root
GERANIUM FAMILY - Geraniaceae: Wild or Spotted Geranium or Crane's-Bill; Alum-root Geranium maculatum Flowers--Pale magenta, purplish pink, or lavender, ...
-Herb Robert; Red Robin; Red Shanks; Dragon's Blood
GERANIUM FAMILY - Geraniaceae: Herb Robert; Red Robin; Red Shanks; Dragon's Blood Geranium Robertianum Flowers--Purplish rose, about 1/2 in. across, borne ...
-Fringed Milkwort or Polygala; Flowering Wintergreen; Gay Wings
MILKWORT FAMILY - Polygalaceae: Fringed Milkwort or Polygala; Flowering Wintergreen; Gay Wings Polygala paucifolia Flowers--Purplish rose, rarely white, showy, ...
-Common, Field, or Purple Milkwort; Purple Polygala
MILKWORT FAMILY - Polygalaceae: Common, Field, or Purple Milkwort; Purple Polygala Polygala sanguinea (P. viridescens) Flowers--Numerous, very small, variable; ...
-Jewel-weed; Spotted Touch-me-not; Silver Cap; Wild Balsam; Lady's Eardrops; Snap Weed; Wild Lady's Slipper
TOUCH-ME-NOT FAMILY - Balsaminaceae: Jewel-weed; Spotted Touch-me-not; Silver Cap; Wild Balsam; Lady's Eardrops; Snap Weed; Wild Lady's Slipper Impatiens ...
-New Jersey Tea; Wild Snowball; Red-root
BUCKTHORN FAMILY - Rhamnaceae: New Jersey Tea; Wild Snowball; Red-root Ceanothus americanus Flowers--Small, white, on white pedicels, crowded in dense, oblong, ...
-Swamp Rose-mallow; Mallow Rose
MALLOW FAMILY - Malvaceae: Swamp Rose-mallow; Mallow Rose Hibiscus Moscheutos Flowers--Very large, clear rose pink, sometimes white, often with crimson centre, ...
-Common St. John's-wort
ST. JOHN'S-WORT FAMILY - Hypericaceae: Common St. John's-wort Hypericum perforatum Flowers--Bright yellow, 1 in. across or less, several or many in terminal ...
-Long-branched Frost-weed; Frost-flower; Frost-wort; Canadian Rockrose
ROCKROSE FAMILY - Cistaceae: Long-branched Frost-weed; Frost-flower; Frost-wort; Canadian Rockrose Helianthemum canadense Flowers--Solitary, or rarely 2; about ...
-Blue and Purple Violets
VIOLET FAMILY - Violaceae: Blue and Purple Violets Lacking perfume only to be a perfectly satisfying flower, the Common Purple, Meadow, or Hooded Blue Violet ( ...
-Yellow Violets
VIOLET FAMILY - Violaceae: Yellow Violets Fine hairs on the erect, leafy, usually single stem of the Downy Yellow Violet (V. pubescens), whose dark veined, ...
-White Violets
VIOLET FAMILY - Violaceae: White Violets Three small-flowered, white, purple-veined, and almost beardless species which prefer to dwell in moist meadows, damp, ...
-Great or Spiked Willow-herb; Fire-weed
EVENING PRIMROSE FAMILY - Onagraceae: Great or Spiked Willow-herb; Fire-weed Epilobium angustifolium (Chamaenerion angustifolium) Flowers--Magenta or pink, ...
-Evening Primrose; Night Willow-herb
EVENING PRIMROSE FAMILY - Onagraceae: Evening Primrose; Night Willow-herb Oenothera biennis Flowers--Yellow, fragrant, opening at evening, 1 to 2 in. across, ...
-Spikenard; Indian Root; Spignet
GINSENG FAMILY - Araliaceae: Spikenard; Indian Root; Spignet Aralia racemosa Flowers--Greenish white, small, 5-parted, mostly imperfect, in a drooping compound ...
-Wild or Field Parsnip; Madnep; Tank
PARSLEY FAMILY - Umbelliferae: Wild or Field Parsnip; Madnep; Tank Pastinaca sativa Flowers--Dull or greenish yellow, small, without involucre or involucels; ...
-Wild Carrot; Queen Anne's Lace; Bird's-nest
PARSLEY FAMILY - Umbelliferae: Wild Carrot; Queen Anne's Lace; Bird's-nest Daucus Carota Flowers--Small, of unequal sizes (polygamous), white, rarely pinkish ...
-Flowering Dogwood
DOGWOOD FAMILY - Cornaceae: Flowering Dogwood Cornus florida Flowers--(Apparently) large, white or pinkish, the four conspicuous parts simulating petals, ...
-Pipsissewa; Prince's Pine
HEATH FAMILY - Ericaceae: Pipsissewa; Prince's Pine Chimaphila umbellata Flowers--Flesh-colored, or pinkish, fragrant, waxy, usually with deep pink ring around ...
-Indian Pipe; Ice-plant; Ghost-flower; Corpse-plant
HEATH FAMILY - Ericaceae: Indian Pipe; Ice-plant; Ghost-flower; Corpse-plant Monotropa uniflora Flowers--Solitary, smooth, waxy, white (rarely pink), oblong ...
-Pine Sap; False Beech-drops; Yellow Bird's-nest
HEATH FAMILY - Ericaceae: Pine Sap; False Beech-drops; Yellow Bird's-nest Monotropa Hypopitis Flowers--Tawny, yellow, ecru, brownish pink, reddish, or bright ...
-Wild Honeysuckle; Pink, Purple, or Wild Azalea; Pinxter-flower
HEATH FAMILY - Ericaceae: Wild Honeysuckle; Pink, Purple, or Wild Azalea; Pinxter-flower Rhododendron nudiflorum Flowers--Crimson pink, purplish or rose pink, ...
-American or Great Rhododendron; Great Laurel; Rose Tree, or Bay
HEATH FAMILY - Ericaceae: American or Great Rhododendron; Great Laurel; Rose Tree, or Bay Rhododendron maximum Flowers--Rose pink, varying to white, greenish ...
-Mountain or American Laurel; Calico Bush; Spoonwood; Calmoun; Broad-leaved Kalmia
HEATH FAMILY - Ericaceae: Mountain or American Laurel; Calico Bush; Spoonwood; Calmoun; Broad-leaved Kalmia Kalmia latifolia Flowers--Buds and new flowers ...
-Trailing Arbutus; Mayflower; Ground Laurel
HEATH FAMILY - Ericaceae: Trailing Arbutus; Mayflower; Ground Laurel Epigaea repens Flowers--Pink, fading to nearly white, very fragrant, about 1/2 in. across ...
-Creeping Wintergreen; Checker-berry; Partridge-berry; Mountain Tea; Ground Tea, Deer, Box, or Spice Berry
HEATH FAMILY - Ericaceae: Creeping Wintergreen; Checker-berry; Partridge-berry; Mountain Tea; Ground Tea, Deer, Box, or Spice Berry Gaultheria procumbens ...
-Four-leaved or Whorled Loosestrife; Crosswort
PRIMROSE FAMILY - Primulaceae: Four-leaved or Whorled Loosestrife; Crosswort Lysimachia quadrifolia Flowers--Yellow, streaked with, dark red, 1/2 in. across or ...
-Star-flower; Chickweed Wintergreen; Star Anemone
PRIMROSE FAMILY - Primulaceae: Star-flower; Chickweed Wintergreen; Star Anemone Trientalis americana Flowers--White, solitary, or a few rising on slender, wiry ...
-Scarlet Pimpernel; Poor Man's or Shepherd's Weatherglass; Red Chickweed; Burnet Rose; Shepherd's Clock
PRIMROSE FAMILY - Primulaceae: Scarlet Pimpernel; Poor Man's or Shepherd's Weatherglass; Red Chickweed; Burnet Rose; Shepherd's Clock Anagallis arvensis Flower- ...
-Shooting Star; American Cowslip; Pride of Ohio
PRIMROSE FAMILY - Primulaceae: Shooting Star; American Cowslip; Pride of Ohio Dodecatheon Meadia Flowers--Purplish pink or yellowish white, the cone tipped ...
-Bitter-bloom; Rose Pink; Square-stemmed Sabbatia; Rosy Centaury
GENTIAN FAMILY - Gentianaceae: Bitter-bloom; Rose Pink; Square-stemmed Sabbatia; Rosy Centaury Sabbatia angularis Flowers--Clear rose pink, with greenish star ...
-Fringed Gentian
GENTIAN FAMILY - Gentianaceae: Fringed Gentian Gentiana crinita Flowers--Deep, bright blue, rarely white, several or many, about 2 in. high, stiffly erect, and ...
-Spreading Dogbane; Fly-trap Dogbane; Honey-bloom; Bitter-root
DOGBANE FAMILY - Apocynaceae: Spreading Dogbane; Fly-trap Dogbane; Honey-bloom; Bitter-root Apocynum androsaemifolium Flowers--Delicate pink, veined with a ...
-Common Milkweed or Silkweed
MILKWEED FAMILY - Aselepiadaceae: Common Milkweed or Silkweed Asclepias syriaca (A. cornuti) Flowers--Dull, pale greenish purple pink, or brownish pink, borne ...
-Butterfly-weed; Pleurisy-root; Orange-root; Orange Milkweed
MILKWEED FAMILY - Aselepiadaceae: Butterfly-weed; Pleurisy-root; Orange-root; Orange Milkweed Asclepias tuberosa Flowers--Bright reddish orange, in many- ...
-Hedge or Great Bindweed; Wild Morning-glory; Rutland Beauty; Bell-bind; Lady's Nightcap
CONVOLVULUS FAMILY - Convolvulaceae: Hedge or Great Bindweed; Wild Morning-glory; Rutland Beauty; Bell-bind; Lady's Nightcap Convolvulus sepium Flowers--Light ...
-Gronovius' or Common Dodder; Strangle-weed; Love Vine; Angel's Hair
CONVOLVULUS FAMILY - Convolvulaceae: Gronovius' or Common Dodder; Strangle-weed; Love Vine; Angel's Hair Cuscuta Gronovii Flowers---Dull, white minute, ...
-Ground or Moss Pink
POLEMONIUM FAMILY - Polemoniaceae: Ground or Moss Pink Phlox subulata Flowers--Very numerous, small, deep purplish pink, lavender or rose, varying to white, ...
-Forget-me-not; Mouse-ear; Scorpion Grass; Snake Grass; Love Me
BORAGE FAMILY - Boraginaceae: Forget-me-not; Mouse-ear; Scorpion Grass; Snake Grass; Love Me Myosotis scorpioides (M. palustris) Flowers--Pure blue, pinkish, ...
-Viper's Bugloss; Blue-weed; Viper's Herb or Grass; Snake-flower; Blue Thistle; Blue Devil
BORAGE FAMILY - Boraginaceae: Viper's Bugloss; Blue-weed; Viper's Herb or Grass; Snake-flower; Blue Thistle; Blue Devil Echium vulgare Flowers--Bright blue, ...
-Blue Vervain; Wild Hyssop; Simpler's Joy
VERVAIN FAMILY - Verbenaceae: Blue Vervain; Wild Hyssop; Simpler's Joy Verbena hastata Flowers--Very small, purplish blue, in numerous slender, erect, compact ...
-Mad-dog Skullcap or Helmet-flower; Mad weed; Hoodwort
MINT FAMILY - Labiatae: Mad-dog Skullcap or Helmet-flower; Mad weed; Hoodwort Scutellaria lateriflora Flowers--Blue, varying to whitish; several or many, 1/4 ...
-Self-heal; Heal-all; Blue Curls; Heart-of-the-Earth; Brunella; Carpenter-weed
MINT FAMILY - Labiatae: Self-heal; Heal-all; Blue Curls; Heart-of-the-Earth; Brunella; Carpenter-weed Prunella vulgaris Flowers--Purple and violet, in dense ...
-Motherwort
MINT FAMILY - Labiatae: Motherwort Leonurus Cardiaca Flowers--Dull purple pink, pale purple, or white, small, clustered in axils of upper leaves. Calyx tubular, ...
-Oswego Tea; Bee Balm; Indian's Plume; Fragrant Balm; Mountain Mint
MINT FAMILY - Labiatae: Oswego Tea; Bee Balm; Indian's Plume; Fragrant Balm; Mountain Mint Monarda didyma Flowers--Scarlet, clustered in a solitary, terminal, ...
-Wild Bergamot
MINT FAMILY - Labiatae: Wild Bergamot Monarda fistulosa Flowers--Extremely variable, purplish lavender, magenta, rose, pink, yellowish pink, or whitish, dotted; ...
-Nightshade; Blue Bindweed; Felonwort; Bittersweet; Scarlet or Snake Berry; Poison-flower; Woody Nightshade
NIGHTSHADE FAMILY - Solanaceae: Nightshade; Blue Bindweed; Felonwort; Bittersweet; Scarlet or Snake Berry; Poison-flower; Woody Nightshade Solanum Dulcamara ...
-Jamestown Weed; Thorn Apple; Stramonium; Jimson Weed; Devil's Trumpet
NIGHTSHADE FAMILY - Solanaceae: Jamestown Weed; Thorn Apple; Stramonium; Jimson Weed; Devil's Trumpet Datura Stramonium Flowers--Showy, large, about 4 in. high, ...
-Great Mullein; Velvet or Flannel Plant; Mullein Dock; Aaron's Rod
FIGWORT FAMILY - ScrophulariaceaŽ: Great Mullein; Velvet or Flannel Plant; Mullein Dock; Aaron's Rod Verbascum Thapsus Flowers--Yellow, 1 in. across or less, ...
-Moth Mullein
FIGWORT FAMILY - ScrophulariaceaŽ: Moth Mullein Verbascum Blattaria Flowers--Yellow, or frequently white, 5-parted, about 1 in. broad, marked with brown; borne ...
-Butter-and-eggs; Yellow Toadflax; Eggs-and-bacon; Flaxweed; Brideweed
FIGWORT FAMILY - ScrophulariaceaŽ: Butter-and-eggs; Yellow Toadflax; Eggs-and-bacon; Flaxweed; Brideweed Linaria vulgaris Flowers--Light canary yellow and ...
-Blue or Wild Toadflax; Blue Linaria
FIGWORT FAMILY - ScrophulariaceaŽ: Blue or Wild Toadflax; Blue Linaria Linaria canadensis Flowers--Pale blue to purple, small, irregular, in slender spikes.
-Hairy Beard-tongue
FIGWORT FAMILY - ScrophulariaceaŽ: Hairy Beard-tongue Pentstemon hirsutus (P. pubescens) Flowers--Dull violet or lilac and white, about 1 in. long, borne in a ...
-Snake-head; Turtle-head; Balmony; Shellflower; Cod-head
FIGWORT FAMILY - ScrophulariaceaŽ: Snake-head; Turtle-head; Balmony; Shellflower; Cod-head Chelone glabra Flowers--White tinged with pink, or all white, about ...
-Monkey-flower
FIGWORT FAMILY - ScrophulariaceaŽ: Monkey-flower Mimulus ringens Flowers--Purple, violet, or lilac, rarely whitish; about 1 in. long, solitary, borne on ...
-Common Speedwell; Fluellin; Paul's Betony; Groundhele
FIGWORT FAMILY - ScrophulariaceaŽ: Common Speedwell; Fluellin; Paul's Betony; Groundhele Veronica officinalis Flowers--Pale blue, very small, crowded on spike- ...
-American Brooklime
FIGWORT FAMILY - ScrophulariaceaŽ: American Brooklime Veronica americana Flowers--Light blue to white, usually striped with deep blue or purple; structure of ...
-Culver's-root; Culver's Physic
FIGWORT FAMILY - ScrophulariaceaŽ: Culver's-root; Culver's Physic Veronica virginica (Leplandra virginica) Flowers--Small, white or rarely bluish, crowded in ...
-Downy False Foxglove
FIGWORT FAMILY - ScrophulariaceaŽ: Downy False Foxglove Gerardia flava (Dasystoma flava) Flowers--Pale yellow, 1-1/2 to 2 in. long; in showy, terminal, leafy ...
-Large Purple Gerardia
FIGWORT FAMILY - ScrophulariaceaŽ: Large Purple Gerardia Gerardia purpurea Flowers--Bright purplish pink, deep magenta, or pale to whitish, about 1 in. long ...
-Scarlet Painted Cup; Indian Paint-brush
FIGWORT FAMILY - ScrophulariaceaŽ: Scarlet Painted Cup; Indian Paint-brush Castilleja coccinea Flowers--Greenish yellow, enclosed by broad, vermilion, 3-cleft ...
-Wood Betony; Lousewort; Beefsteak Plant; High Heal-all
FIGWORT FAMILY - ScrophulariaceaŽ: Wood Betony; Lousewort; Beefsteak Plant; High Heal-all Pedicularis canadensis Flowers--Greenish yellow and purplish red, in ...
-Beech-drops
BROOM-RAPE FAMILY - Orobanchaceae: Beech-drops Epifagus virginiana Flowers--Small, dull purple and white, tawny, or brownish striped; scattered along loose, ...
-Partridge Vine, Twin-berry; Mitchella Vine; Squaw-berry
MADDER FAMILY - Rubiaceae: Partridge Vine, Twin-berry; Mitchella Vine; Squaw-berry Mitchella repens Flowers--Waxy, white (pink in bud), fragrant, growing in ...
-Button-bush; Honey-balls; Globe-flower; Button-ball Shrub; River-bush
MADDER FAMILY - Rubiaceae: Button-bush; Honey-balls; Globe-flower; Button-ball Shrub; River-bush Cephalanthus occidentalis Flowers--Fragrant, white, small, ...
-Bluets; Innocence; Houstonia; Quaker Ladies; Quaker Bonnets; Venus' Pride
MADDER FAMILY - Rubiaceae: Bluets; Innocence; Houstonia; Quaker Ladies; Quaker Bonnets; Venus' Pride Houstonia caerulea Flowers--Very small, light to purplish ...
-Harebell or Hairbell; Blue Bells of Scotland; Lady's Thimble
BLUEBELL FAMILY - Campanulaceae: Harebell or Hairbell; Blue Bells of Scotland; Lady's Thimble Campanula rotundifolia Flowers--Bright blue or violet-blue, bell- ...
-Venus' Looking-glass; Clasping Bellflower
BLUEBELL FAMILY - Campanulaceae: Venus' Looking-glass; Clasping Bellflower Specularia perfoliata (Legouzia perfoliata) Flowers--Violet blue, from 1/2 to 3/4 in.
-Cardinal Flower; Red Lobelia
LOBELIA FAMILY - Lobeliaceae: Cardinal Flower; Red Lobelia Lobelia cardinalis Flowers--Rich vermilion, very rarely rose or white, 1 to 1-1/2 in. long, numerous, ...
-Great Lobelia; Blue Cardinal Flower
LOBELIA FAMILY - Lobeliaceae: Great Lobelia; Blue Cardinal Flower Lobelia syphilitica Flowers--Bright blue, touched with white, fading to pale blue, about 1 in.
-Iron-weed; Flat Top
COMPOSITE FAMILY - Compositae: Iron-weed; Flat Top Vernonia noveboracensis Flower-head--Composite of tubular florets only, intense reddish-purple thistle-like ...
-Joe-Pye Weed; Trumpet Weed; Purple Thoroughwort; Gravel or Kidney-root; Tall or Purple Boneset
COMPOSITE FAMILY - Compositae: Joe-Pye Weed; Trumpet Weed; Purple Thoroughwort; Gravel or Kidney-root; Tall or Purple Boneset Eupatorium purpureum Flower-heads- ...
-Boneset; Common Thorough wort; Agueweed; Indian Sage
COMPOSITE FAMILY - Compositae: Boneset; Common Thorough wort; Agueweed; Indian Sage Eupatorium perfoliatum Flower-heads--Composite, the numerous, small, dull, ...
-Golden-rods
COMPOSITE FAMILY - Compositae: Golden-rods Solidago When these flowers transform whole acres into fields of the cloth-of-gold, the slender wands swaying by ...
-Blue and Purple Asters or Starworts
COMPOSITE FAMILY - Compositae: Blue and Purple Asters or Starworts Aster Evolution teaches us that thistles, daisies, sunflowers, asters, and all the ...
-White Asters or Starworts
COMPOSITE FAMILY - Compositae: White Asters or Starworts In dry, open woodlands, thickets, and roadsides, from August to October, we find the dainty White Wood ...
-Golden Aster
COMPOSITE FAMILY - Compositae: Golden Aster Chrysopsis mariana Flower-heads--Composite, yellow, 1 in. wide or less, a few corymbed flowers on glandular stalks; ...
-Daisy Fleabane; Sweet Scabious
COMPOSITE FAMILY - Compositae: Daisy Fleabane; Sweet Scabious Erigeron annuus Flower-heads--Numerous, daisy-like, about 1/2 in. across; from 40 to 70 long, ...
-Robin's, or Poor Robin's, or Robert's Plantain; Blue Spring Daisy; Daisy-leaved Fleabane
COMPOSITE FAMILY - Compositae: Robin's, or Poor Robin's, or Robert's Plantain; Blue Spring Daisy; Daisy-leaved Fleabane Erigeron pulchellus Flower-heads-- ...
-Pearly, or Large-flowered, Everlasting; Immortelle, Silver Leaf; Moonshine; Cottonweed; None-so-pretty
COMPOSITE FAMILY - Compositae: Pearly, or Large-flowered, Everlasting; Immortelle, Silver Leaf; Moonshine; Cottonweed; None-so-pretty Anaphalis margaritacea ...
-Elecampane; Horseheal; Yellow Starwort
COMPOSITE FAMILY - Compositae: Elecampane; Horseheal; Yellow Starwort Inula Helenium Flower-heads--Large, yellow, solitary or a few, 2 to 4 in. across, on long, ...
-Black-eyed Susan; Yellow or Ox-eye Daisy; Nigger-head; Golden Jerusalem; Purple Cone-flower
COMPOSITE FAMILY - Compositae: Black-eyed Susan; Yellow or Ox-eye Daisy; Nigger-head; Golden Jerusalem; Purple Cone-flower Rudbeckia hirta Flower-heads--From ...
-Tall or Giant Sunflower
COMPOSITE FAMILY - Compositae: Tall or Giant Sunflower Helianthus giganteus Flower-heads--Several, on long, rough-hairy peduncles; 1-1/2 to 2-1/4 in. broad; 10 ...
-Sneeze weed; Swamp Sunflower
COMPOSITE FAMILY - Compositae: Sneeze weed; Swamp Sunflower Helenium autumnale Flower-heads--Bright yellow, 1 to 2 in. across, numerous, borne on long ...
-Yarrow; Milfoil; Old Man's Pepper; Nosebleed
COMPOSITE FAMILY - Compositae: Yarrow; Milfoil; Old Man's Pepper; Nosebleed Achillea Millefolium Flower-heads--Grayish-white, rarely pinkish, in a hard, close, ...
-Dog's or Foetid Camomile: Mayweed; Pig-sty Daisy; Dillweed; Dog-fennel
COMPOSITE FAMILY - Compositae: Dog's or Foetid Camomile: Mayweed; Pig-sty Daisy; Dillweed; Dog-fennel Anthemis Cotula (Maruta Cotula) Flower-heads--Like ...
-Common Daisy; White-weed; White or Ox-eye Daisy; Marguerite; Love-me, Love-me-not
COMPOSITE FAMILY - Compositae: Common Daisy; White-weed; White or Ox-eye Daisy; Marguerite; Love-me, Love-me-not Chrysanthemum Leucanthemum Flower-heads--Disk ...
-Tansy; Bitter-buttons
COMPOSITE FAMILY - Compositae: Tansy; Bitter-buttons Tanacetum vulgare Flower-heads--Small, round, of tubular florets only, packed within a depressed involucre, ...
-Common or Plumed Thistle
COMPOSITE FAMILY - Compositae: Common or Plumed Thistle Cirsium Is land fulfilling the primal curse because it brings forth thistles? So thinks the farmer, no ...
-Chicory; Succory; Blue Sailors; Bunk
COMPOSITE FAMILY - Compositae: Chicory; Succory; Blue Sailors; Bunk Cichorium Intybus Flower-head--Bright, deep azure to gray blue, rarely pinkish or white, 1 ...
-Common Dandelion; Blowball; Lion's-tooth; Peasant's Clock
COMPOSITE FAMILY - Compositae: Common Dandelion; Blowball; Lion's-tooth; Peasant's Clock Taraxacum officinale (T. Dens-leonis) Flower-head--Solitary, golden ...
-Tall or Wild Lettuce; Wild Opium; Horse-weed
COMPOSITE FAMILY - Compositae: Tall or Wild Lettuce; Wild Opium; Horse-weed Lactuca canadensis Flower-heads--Numerous, small, about 1/4 in. across, involucre, ...
-Orange or Tawny Hawkweed; Golden Mouse-ear Hawkweed; Devil's Paint-brush
COMPOSITE FAMILY - Compositae: Orange or Tawny Hawkweed; Golden Mouse-ear Hawkweed; Devil's Paint-brush Hieracium aurantiacum Flower-heads--Reddish orange; 1 ...
-Flowers Color Key
Blue To Purple Flowers Asters, Blue and Purple Beard-tongues Bittersweet (Nightshade) Bluets Brooklime, American Chicory Day-flowers Eye-bright Flags, Blue ...









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