Family, Figwort. Colors, yellow and red or purplish. Leaves, the larger from the root, on long, hairy-petioles, deeply cut; the upper near the flowers, less incised, much smaller, short-petioled. Bracts among the flowers. Calyx, tubular, entire, except for a slit down the front. Corolla, 2-lipped, the upper lip bent and curved inward, inclosing 4 stamens; the lower 3-lobed, the side lobes large and spreading. Capsule, sword-shaped, slightly beaked, opening by a slit on the upper side. Flowers, in thick, short spikes. Those which are mostly red in color have reddish stems and leaves; yellow clusters have pale stems and leaves; and these two brunette and blond beauties often stand side by side. They are conspicuous mainly from their fern-like foliage. 5 to 10 inches high. May to July.
There are 100 species of Pedicularis, most of them growing in the arctic regions and Rocky Mountains.
Our species love light shade, taking to the open woods. They are early, following closely upon the spring flowers. Often they are out of bloom by the first of June. This is the manner of the plant's growth: When the flower-stems spring up, new growths form beside them, making tufts of a dozen or so leaves. These remain the first season a rosette at the root. They are a sort of spiral branch drawn in. Next spring the branch shoots up, uncoils, straightens, and bears the flower.
Family, Iris. Colors, orange - yellow and crimson or purple. (See Yellow Flowers, p. 159.)
Family, Figwort. Colors, white, blue, purple, or variegated. (See p. 346.)
Family, Figwort. Colors, white, purplish, and yellow. (Seep. 127.)