Throughout the glorious autumn, when the summer verdure gradually assumes the most beautiful variations of yellow, scarlet, and brown, and after most of our wild flowers have ceased their floral activities, this latest blooming Orchid, like the lovely Blue Gentian, suddenly realizes its sense of duty and blossoms as gaily as though the birds were just returning with the spring. It is also one of the very commonest of its family. It grows from six inches to two feet in height, in wet meadows and grassy swamps. Several long, narrow, lance-shaped leaves spring from the base of the stalk, but usually disappear before the flowering season. Those on the upper stalk are much reduced and bract-like. The roots are slender and fleshy. The tiny, waxy white or yellowish flowers are fragrant and spurless. And together with short, semi-circular bracts, they are gathered into crowded rows of threes which, with a peculiar, ropy, spiral growth, form a remarkably twisted terminal spike. The two side sepals are free and spreading, while the upper one forms an arch with the petals. The oblong lip has a broad, rounded, crinkle-edged apex. This pretty little Orchid blossoms abundantly from August to October, and ranges from Florida to Nova Scotia, and west to Ontario, Minnesota, South Dakota, New Mexico, and Louisiana.