The Baroness Wentworth, formerly Lady Milbanke. a great granddaughter of
One of the most interesting peeresses in her own right is Baroness Clifton, who is only eleven years of age. She is the daughter of the seventh Earl of Darnley, who died in 1900, the year in which she was born, and the heir-presumptive to the title is her uncle, the present Earl of Darnley. Her mother, Jemima, Countess of Darnley, has since married Commander Arthur Leveson, R.n., but dropped her title by choice. An interesting fact concerning the youthful Baroness is that this is her second Coronation, robes and coronet being made for her when King Edward was crowned, although she was but a babe of two. She made what might be termed her first public appearance in the year King Edward was crowned, by presenting a souvenir book of photographs to Queen Alexandra at the Imperial Coronation Bazaar at the Royal Botanical Gardens.
Another youthful peeress in her own right is Baroness Beaumont, who was born in 1894, and succeeded her father two years later. As in the case of the Cromartie title, the Beaumont peerage fell into abeyance after the death of the tenth Baron, in 1895, who left two daughters, to the elder of whom, after a lapse of a few months, the Crown awarded the succession, the Baroness's sister, the Hon. Ivy Mary Stapleton, who was born after her father's death, being the heiress - presumptive to the barony. The Baroness lives with her mother at the family seat, Carlton Towers, in Yorkshire, and will be present at the Coronation ceremony in the Abbey as a peeress.
Singularly enough, there are coheiresses to the title of the Baron Berkeley, the wife of Major Foley, who succeeeded her mother in 1899. The Baroness, who, by the way, is descended directly from the father of Anne Boleyn, has two daughters, the Hon. Mary Foley, born in 1905, and the Hon. Cynthia, four years younger, who are co-heiresses to the Barony.
On the other hand, Baroness Burton, who succeeded, by a special patent granted in 1897, to the barony of her father, the late Lord Burton, head of the famous firm of Bass, who died in 1909, will be succeeded in due course by her son, the Hon. George Baillie, now seventeen years of age. There is also a second son, two years younger, and a daughter, who was born in 1899. Lady Burton married in 1894, when she was twenty-one years of age, Mr. James E. Bruce Baillie, and being heiress of her father's peerage under a special remainder, her position resembled that of Lady Aileen, Roberts (the eldest surviving daughter of Lord Roberts), Miss Frances Wolseley (Viscount Wolseleys only child), and Mrs. Howard (Lord Strath-cona's daughter), these three ladies being heiresses to their father's titles on account of special patents which have been granted. A short time ago, Lord Strathcona made an interesting confession regarding his title, when the question was raised as to whether it would be perpetuated after his death.
The Countess of Cremartie. a peeress in her own right, who has earned considerable fame as a writer
Photo, Lallie Charles
Provision, he said, had been made to ensure the permanency of the title, but after his death it would not be continued exactly in its present form. "As a matter of fact," he said, "there have been two letters patent granted in regard to it. The first, which was issued by the late Queen Victoria, gave me the title of Baron Strathcona and Mount Royal of Glencoe in the county of Argyll and of Montreal. The second letters patent, which were issued by King Edward, gave me the title of Baron Mount Royal and Strath-cona. It is the last named form of title which will be handed down to my successors, the Canadian part of the title coming first, and the Scottish part second." Lord Strathcona has only one child, a daughter, who is married to Dr. Bliss Howard, a Montreal doctor, now settled in London, and the title will descend to her and her heirs male.
Referring again to Lady Burton, one might mention the great popularity which has been accorded her in Scotland, where she resides for the greater part of the year, at Dochfour, Inverness. Passionately fond of country life, Lady Burton rides well to hounds, shoots, fishes, and dances a Highland reel admirably. A strong sense of humour and a great love of fun have always distinguished her, and helped to add to her popularity north of the Tweed.
The Countess of Powis, another peeress in her own right, for whom the title of
Baroness d'arcy de Knayth was called out of abeyance in 1903
From a painting by Ellis Roberts
It is said that at a ball she pretended not to understand the name Tullibardine scribbled on her programme. " Isn't it a rather curious name and long for everyday use ? " she commented mischievously. "It is pretty well-known in Scotland " replied the dignified young owner of it. "Have you never heard of the Tullibardine who fought at Culloden, or of my great-great-grandfather who fell at Malplaquet ? " " Never, I am afraid," said the young lady smilingly. "But then, you see, my great-great-grandfather was a bottle-washer." From which story it will be obvious that Lady Burton is in no way ashamed of the humble origin of the family fortunes which were founded by the great-grandfather of the late Lord Burton, a carrier by trade, who started a small brewery of his own near Burton, and did all the manual labour himself.
In the same year that Lady Burton succeeded to her father's title, Lady William Cecil became Baroness Amherst of Hackney, by the death of her father, who left no son, and whose title, in default of male issue, descended to his eldest daughter. The late Baron had seven daughters, all exceptionally clever women. It was in 1885 that the present Baroness married Lord William Cecil, son of the third Marquis of Exeter, while in 1898 her sister Alicia married the Hon. Evelyn Cecil, first cousin of the present Marquis of Salisbury. It was Mrs. Cecil who was honoured with the freedom of the Worshipful Company of Gardeners, as well as the City of London itself, and her bridal bouquet, it is interesting to note, was the gift of the well-known livery company in recognition of her many contributions to horticultural literature.
Another talented sister of Lady Amherst of Hackney is Miss Florence Amherst, who has been the means of introducing into this country the rare gazelle hound with which she has won so many prizes. (See article by the Hon. Florence Amherst, page 1293.)
The Dowager Lady Amherst of Hackney is an expert taxidermist; another of her daughters goes in for geology, while the present Baroness is a sculptor of no mean ability. She also inherits a keen love of Egypt from her father, for as a girl she often accompanied him to that country, and while he superintended important explorations in the Upper Nile valley, she made the studies which which resulted in the book entitled, "Bird Notes From the Nile." It was Lord and Lady William Cecil, by the way, who accompanied Princess Henry of Battenberg to Egypt in 1903, and their four sons are close personal friends of the Princes of Batten-berg.
Perhaps the most talented of this select circle of peeresses in their own right, however, is Baroness Wentworth, who is a great-granddaughter of Lord Byron, and has inherited much of her famous ancestor's literary abilities. The Baroness was Lady Mary Mil-banke before she succeeded to her present title in 1906 on the death of her father, the late Lord Love-lace.the Baroness is the fifth lady to bear the ancient title, which was called out of abeyance in favour of Byron's widow in [856. The latter's only child married the first Earl of Lovelace, and the late earl, who was the second, had the high distinction of being the grandson of the famous poet. He assumed the name of Milbanke, the heiress-presumptive to the title being Lady Anne Blunt, an aunt of the present Baroness.
The Countess of Yarborough, sister of the Countess of Powis, who. in 1903, successfully established her claim to the title of Baroness Fauconberg and Conyers. The title of Fauconberg had been in abeyance since 1463 Photo, Langfier
Countess of Yarborough, can claim a similar distinction. The former came to her title, Baroness d'arcy de Knayth, in a somewhat strange manner. This title dates back to 1332. When the fourth earl died, in 1778, however, it fell into abeyance because it was thought that the patent limited the succession to heirs male. This was ultimately proved to be a mistake, although it was not until 1903 that the title was fully restored by letters patent to the Countess. In the case,
Not many people are aware of the fact that not only is the Countess of Powis a peeress in her own right but that her sister, the also, of her sister, the Countess of Yarborough, who is the Baroness Fauconberg and Conyers in her own right, the title of Fauconberg fell into abeyance for some four and a half centuries after the death of the sixth baron, in 1463, although the barony was strictly his wife's, and was not called out of abeyance until 1903, the year in which the Countess of Powis established her claim to the title already mentioned.
Then, again, the case of the Baroness Berners furnishes us with another instance of a title lying dormant for many years. The first Baron was created in 1455, but the title remained in abeyance from 1532 to 1720, and again from 1743 to 1832, through misunderstand-ing, being then called out in favour of the great-uncle of the present Baroness. The heir to the title is Sir Raymond Wilson, the Baroness's son, one of whose sisters, by the way, is the wife of Lord Knollys.
It was only after the Committee of Privileges in the House of Lords had carefully considered the matter that the Baroness Gray was allowed to assume that title in 1896. It will ultimately pass to her son, the Master of Kinloss, who was born in 1887.