This section is from the book "The Gardener's Monthly And Horticulturist V22", by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.
It is well known that Standard Roses, as they are called in Europe, and which give so great a charm to European gardens, are almost a failure in our country. But we are satisfied from some observation and continued experience that there is no reason why they should be such absolute failures as they are.
One thing has always to be borne in mind, thai the drying influence of the atmosphere is much greater here than in Europe. In that country a bud is put into a rose stock at three or four feel from the ground, and the next spring the stock is cut back to just above the bud, when it at once pushes out growth and soon makes a head. It would not often do this in our country, because the air is too dry. It takes a pretty large mass of foliage at the top of the stock to pump up the moisture to supply the evaporation of the juices from the stock. All the leaves that could come out of a single bud in three months would not be sufficient. The stock becomes hide-bound - suckers come out from the root, and the plant soon dies. If a mass of foliage could be left on the stock, and the head of the improved kind formed gradually, it could probably be done.
In addition to this, the stocks for grafting could be planted in places clear from drying winds, and the stock itself selected for its ability to adapt itself to the peculiarities of our climate. Then selections from the hardy kinds would have to be made to keep the heads from dying back. The Prairie Roses would make exceptionally fine tree roses, as with their pendulous branches they would make very gracefully flowing heads.
We give annexed a cut of a climbing rose grafted into a tall stem, which we find in the French Journal of Roses, and which was taken from a specimen growing in a French cemetery, as .showing how very pretty such a tree rose would be.
We feel quite sure that there is in the future success for the tree rose experiment in our country, and a good fortune for the man who will successfully inaugurate it.