377. - Footings. - Supported on Piles

The pile capping to be of even split granite blocks (16) inches thick from --------- quarries, to be of such size that no stone will rest on more than three piles, and to be bonded as shown on special drawing. Each and every stone is to be carefully wedged up with oak wedges on the head of each pile to secure a firm and equal bearing, and are to butt closely together.

Dimension Footings. - The footings under all outside foundation walls are to consist of dimension stone from the---------or---------quarries, of the width shown on the section drawings and (12) inches thick. To have fair surfaces top and bottom, and to be bedded and puddled in cement mortar. No footing stone to be less than {3) feet long.

Rubble Footings. - Build the footings under (all other) foundation walls of the width and thickness shown by section drawings, of ---------stone. The stone to be heavy rubble, each stone to be of the full thickness of the footing course, at least 2 feet 6 inches long, and not more than two stones abreast in the width of the wall; there shall also be one through stone, the full width of the footings, every (6) lineal feet. Each stone is to be solidly bedded and puddled in cement mortar, and all chinks between the stones are to be filled solid with mortar and spalls.

378. - Foundation Walls. - Block Granite or Limestone

Build the foundation walls colored (blue) on plans to the height and thickness shown by section drawings, of sound, even, split granite (limestone) blocks to average (3) feet in length, (18) inches wide and to be not less than (12) inches in height. To be laid with a good bond in regular courses, as near as can be, and bonded with one through stone in every (10) square feet of wall

The stone to be laid in cement mortar, as described elsewhere, all chinks and voids to be filled with slate or (granite) spalls and mortar, to show a good straight face where exposed in the basement, and the joints to be neatly pointed with the trowel. All walls must be built to a line both inside and outside, and all angles to be plumb. (Inside face of wall to be hammer-dressed.) Top of wall to be carefully leveled for the superstructure, with heavy stones at each corner. Leave holes in wall for drain, gas and water pipes.

Rubble Walls. - Build the foundation and basement walls colored (gray) on plans to the height and thickness shown on section drawings, of---------stone rubble. To be of selected, large size, first quality stone, laid to the lines on both sides, well fitted together, and all voids filled solid with spalls and mortar. Each stone to be firmly bedded and cushioned into place, and all joints shall be filled with mortar. At least half of the stones are to be two-thirds the width of the wall, and there shall be one through stone to every (10) square feet of wall. The larger part of the stones shall be not less than (2 feet) long, (16 inches) wide and (8 inches) thick. The wall to be laid in courses about (18 inches) high and leveled off at each course.* (Each stone shall have hammer-dressed beds and joints, and the face of the stone showing on the inside of the wall shall be coarse bush-hammered, †) The wall to be built plumb and carefully leveled on top to receive the superstructure.

Cementing Outside of Wall. - As soon as the wall is completed the contractor is to rake out all loose mortar in the outside joints and plaster the entire outside of the wall (except where exposed in areas) with Dyckerhoff Portland cement mortar not less than inch thick. The mortar to be mixed in the proportion of I to I. Area walls to have the joints raked out and pointed with cement mortar, and a false joint of red cement mortar run with a jointer and straight-edge. The trench is not to be refilled until the wall has been plastered at least twenty-four hours.

Basement Piers. - All piers colored (blue) on basement plan to be built of--------stone, and each stone shall be of the full size of the pier % laid on its natural bed, and the top and bottom of each stone to be cut so as to form joints not exceeding inch in width. All four sides of pier to be rough pointed and all corners to be pitched off to a line. The top stone to be dressed to receive the iron plate resting on the pier and each stone to be solidly bedded in cement mortar as specified elsewhere.

Mortar. - All stone masonry above referred to shall be laid in mortar composed of perfectly fresh (Rosendale) cement,---------brand, mixed in the proportion of 1 part cement to (2) parts of clean, sharp sand. The sand and cement shall be mixed dry in a box, then wet, tempered and immediately used. (See Section 128.) No mortar that has commenced to set to be used on the work.